How to format your references using the Nature Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik, P. Calling for entrepreneurs London. Nature 419, 4–5 (2002).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Akeda, Y. & Galán, J. E. Chaperone release and unfolding of substrates in type III secretion. Nature 437, 911–915 (2005).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Kessler, D., Gase, K. & Baldwin, I. T. Field experiments with transformed plants reveal the sense of floral scents. Science 321, 1200–1202 (2008).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Walden, W. E. et al. Structure of dual function iron regulatory protein 1 complexed with ferritin IRE-RNA. Science 314, 1903–1908 (2006).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Schwedt, G. Chemie und Literatur - ein ungewöhnlicher Flirt. (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2009).
An edited book
1.
Computational Social Network Analysis: Trends, Tools and Research Advances. (Springer, 2010).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Vidal, E. E., Yurko, J. A. & Smith, K. Modern Beryllium Extraction: A State-of-the-Art Kroll Reduction Plant. in Rare Metal Technology 2015 (eds. Neelameggham, N. R. et al.) 27–36 (Springer International Publishing, 2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Materials.

Blog post
1.
Fang, J. Binge-Eating Cavefish Could Illuminate Human Obesity. IFLScience (2015).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Near-Term Effort to Automate Paper-Based Immigration Files Needs Planning Improvements. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 2006).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Ray, S. E. Impact of Training Intervention on Emotional Intelligence in Health Care Administrators and Physician Leaders. (University of Phoenix, 2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Lewis, M. J. The Art of War. New York Times BR21 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Materials
AbbreviationNat. Mater.
ISSN (print)1476-1122
ISSN (online)1476-4660
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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