How to format your references using the Nature Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik, P. Capping active volcanoes. Nature 428, 347 (2004).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bloodgood, B. L. & Sabatini, B. L. Neuronal activity regulates diffusion across the neck of dendritic spines. Science 310, 866–869 (2005).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Begley, C. G., Buchan, A. M. & Dirnagl, U. Robust research: Institutions must do their part for reproducibility. Nature 525, 25–27 (2015).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Newton, M. et al. Comment on ‘Post-wildfire logging hinders regeneration and increases fire risk’. Science 313, 615; author reply 615 (2006).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hackshaw, A. A Concise Guide to Observational Studies in Healthcare. (John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, 2014).
An edited book
1.
Discrete Geometry for Computer Imagery: 17th IAPR International Conference, DGCI 2013, Seville, Spain, March 20-22, 2013. Proceedings. vol. 7749 (Springer, 2013).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Detroux, T., Renson, L., Masset, L. & Kerschen, G. The Harmonic Balance Method for Bifurcation Analysis of Nonlinear Mechanical Systems. in Nonlinear Dynamics, Volume 1: Proceedings of the 33rd IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2015 (ed. Kerschen, G.) 65–82 (Springer International Publishing, 2016).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Materials.

Blog post
1.
Carpineti, A. Scientists Have Figured Out Why Brown Dwarfs Are Such A Diverse Bunch. IFLScience https://www.iflscience.com/space/scientists-have-figured-out-why-brown-dwarfs-are-such-a-diverse-bunch/ (2016).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Judicial Space Follow-up. (1994).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sharp, L. M. Creative nonfiction illuminated: Cross-disciplinary spotlights. (University of Arizona, 2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky, S. Patriarch Aleksy II, Russian Orthodox Leader, Dies at 79. New York Times A19 (2008).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Materials
AbbreviationNat. Mater.
ISSN (print)1476-1122
ISSN (online)1476-4660
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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