How to format your references using the Nature Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Shlesinger, M. F. Physics in the noise. Nature 411, 641 (2001).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Reid, D. W. & Nicchitta, C. V. LOCAL TRANSLATION. Comment on ‘Principles of ER cotranslational translocation revealed by proximity-specific ribosome profiling’. Science 348, 1217 (2015).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sun, J.-Y., Wu, X.-S. & Wu, L.-G. Single and multiple vesicle fusion induce different rates of endocytosis at a central synapse. Nature 417, 555–559 (2002).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
May, C. et al. Therapeutic haemoglobin synthesis in beta-thalassaemic mice expressing lentivirus-encoded human beta-globin. Nature 406, 82–86 (2000).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Duffy, D. J. Finite Difference Methods in Financial Engineering. (John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2006).
An edited book
1.
Stochastic Analysis and Related Topics: In Honour of Ali Süleyman Üstünel, Paris, June 2010. vol. 22 (Springer, 2012).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Borchers, H.-J. & Sen, R. N. Local Structure and Topology. in Mathematical Implications of Einstein-Weyl Causality (ed. Sen, R. N.) 31–50 (Springer, 2006).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Materials.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E. Could Tau Ceti Be Humanity’s Next Home? IFLScience https://www.iflscience.com/space/tau-ceti-humanitys-next-home/ (2015).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Aviation Security: Efforts to Strengthen International Passenger Prescreening are Under Way, but Planning and Implementation Issues Remain. (2007).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wenger, M. C. Free-choice family learning experiences at informal astronomy observing events. (University of Arizona, 2011).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner, J. Familia’s Surgery Has Mets Scrambling in the Bullpen. New York Times D2 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Materials
AbbreviationNat. Mater.
ISSN (print)1476-1122
ISSN (online)1476-4660
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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