How to format your references using the Nature Materials citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Materials. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Govindan, R. Cancer. Attack of the clones. Science 346, 169–170 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Treacy, M. M. J. & Borisenko, K. B. The local structure of amorphous silicon. Science 335, 950–953 (2012).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Post, D. M., Pace, M. L. & Hairston, N. G., Jr. Ecosystem size determines food-chain length in lakes. Nature 405, 1047–1049 (2000).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Guo, Z. et al. Genome-wide survey of tissue-specific microRNA and transcription factor regulatory networks in 12 tissues. Sci. Rep. 4, 5150 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Batten, L. M. Public Key Cryptography. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2013).
An edited book
1.
Methods to Analyse Agricultural Commodity Price Volatility. (Springer, 2011).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Muller, T., Liu, Y., Mauw, S. & Zhang, J. On Robustness of Trust Systems. in Trust Management VIII: 8th IFIP WG 11.11 International Conference, IFIPTM 2014, Singapore, July 7-10, 2014. Proceedings (eds. Zhou, J., Gal-Oz, N., Zhang, J. & Gudes, E.) 44–60 (Springer, 2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Materials.

Blog post
1.
Luntz, S. Organic Almonds Recalled From Whole Foods For Containing High Levels Of Cyanide. IFLScience (2014). Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/almonds-prove-bitter-organic-purists/. (Accessed: 30th October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Utilization of Consultants and Experts. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1970).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Carman, S. B. Leadership style and church attendance: An ex post facto study of Churches of Christ in Texas. (Capella University, 2013).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
THEODORE HERMANBONNIE BURKEDANIEL ROTHFRANKLIN L. TOWBERMARK ARONOFFKATHLEEN KELLY(Prof.) HOWARD A. SCARROWSTEPHEN JOEL TRACHTENBERG. Letters; America’s Burden in the Afghanistan Crisis Impotence in the Face of Soviet Aggression Let Russian Commerce Have an Ice-Free Port Set for San Juan Hill? The Sounds Of Mandarin Sex and the Monarchy A Single-Issue Party’s Clout Errant Philanthropy. New York Times The Week In ReviewE20 (1980).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Materials
AbbreviationNat. Mater.
ISSN (print)1476-1122
ISSN (online)1476-4660
ScopeGeneral Chemistry
Mechanical Engineering
Mechanics of Materials
General Materials Science
Condensed Matter Physics

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