How to format your references using the Journal of Neonatal Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neonatal Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
von Boehmer, H., 2006. Immunology. Thoracic thymus, exclusive no longer. Science 312, 206–207.
A journal article with 2 authors
Daw, N.D., Dayan, P., 2004. Neuroscience. Matchmaking. Science 304, 1753–1754.
A journal article with 3 authors
Coulson, T., Lindström, J., Cotgreave, P., 2002. Ecology. Seeking new recruits. Science 295, 2023–2024.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Redhu, N.S., Shan, L., Movassagh, H., Gounni, A.S., 2013. Thymic stromal lymphopoietin induces migration in human airway smooth muscle cells. Sci. Rep. 3, 2301.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carvalho, M.C., 2016. Practical Laboratory Automation. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, Germany.
An edited book
Rozhansky, V., 2008. Review of Plasma Physics, Reviews of Plasma Physics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Sobolev, D., 2016. The Trauma of Modernism: Between Existential Indeterminacy and Allegoresis, in: Ataria, Y., Gurevitz, D., Pedaya, H., Neria, Y. (Eds.), Interdisciplinary Handbook of Trauma and Culture. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 67–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neonatal Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Goats Are Surprisingly Good At Learning Tasks [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1992. FTS 2000: Mandatory Use (No. IMTEC-92-33R). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Armstrong-Romero, K.A., 2017. Cultural influences and the impact of workplace bullying (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2013. Cities Urge Public Pension Funds to Divest From Gun Makers. New York Times B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (von Boehmer, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Daw and Dayan, 2004; von Boehmer, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Daw and Dayan, 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Redhu et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neonatal Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Neonatal Nurs.
ISSN (print)1355-1841
ScopeMaternity and Midwifery

Other styles