How to format your references using the Journal of Neonatal Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neonatal Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kondrashov, A., 2012. James Crow (1916-2012). Nature 481, 444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hegazy, A.N., Powrie, F., 2015. MICROBIOME. Microbiota RORgulates intestinal suppressor T cells. Science 349, 929–930.
A journal article with 3 authors
Stevens, R.C., Yokoyama, S., Wilson, I.A., 2001. Global efforts in structural genomics. Science 294, 89–92.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ciruna, B., Jenny, A., Lee, D., Mlodzik, M., Schier, A.F., 2006. Planar cell polarity signalling couples cell division and morphogenesis during neurulation. Nature 439, 220–224.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Prager, F.H., Rosteck, H., 2006. Polyurethane and Fire. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG.
An edited book
Shi, Y., Albada, G.D. van, Dongarra, J., Sloot, P.M.A. (Eds.), 2007. Computational Science – ICCS 2007: 7th International Conference, Beijing, China, May 27 - 30, 2007, Proceedings, Part IV, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Ortega, Y.R., 2006. Toxoplasmosis, in: Ortega, Y.R. (Ed.), Foodborne Parasites, Food Microbiology And Food Safety Series. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 109–133.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neonatal Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Psychopaths Versus Sociopaths: What Is The Difference? [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2007. Next Generation Air Transportation System: Status of the Transition to the Future Air Traffic Control System (No. GAO-07-784T). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Haws, S.W., 2012. A multilevel study of schools’ influences on adolescent substance use (Doctoral dissertation). University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, NC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Romero, S., Bosman, J., 2017. As Waters Took Mother, a Child Held on to Life. New York Times A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kondrashov, 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Hegazy and Powrie, 2015; Kondrashov, 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hegazy and Powrie, 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Ciruna et al., 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neonatal Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Neonatal Nurs.
ISSN (print)1355-1841
ScopeMaternity and Midwifery

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