How to format your references using the Journal of Neonatal Nursing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Neonatal Nursing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rockman, M.V., 2008. Reverse engineering the genotype-phenotype map with natural genetic variation. Nature 456, 738–744.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thoennessen, M., Sherrill, B., 2011. From isotopes to the stars. Nature 473, 25–26.
A journal article with 3 authors
Richland, L.E., Zur, O., Holyoak, K.J., 2007. Mathematics. Cognitive supports for analogies in the mathematics classroom. Science 316, 1128–1129.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cordaux, R., Deepa, E., Vishwanathan, H., Stoneking, M., 2004. Genetic evidence for the demic diffusion of agriculture to India. Science 304, 1125.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Avdeef, A., 2012. Absorption and Drug Development. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Lee, K.C. (Ed.), 2013. Digital Creativity: Individuals, Groups, and Organizations, Integrated Series in Information Systems. Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Petri, C.A., 2008. On the Physical Basics of Information Flow, in: Hee, K.M. van, Valk, R. (Eds.), Applications and Theory of Petri Nets: 29th International Conference, PETRI NETS 2008, Xi’an, China, June 23-27, 2008. Proceedings, Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 12–12.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Neonatal Nursing.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2015. Self-Assembling Molecules Trap Cancer Cells In Deadly Carbohydrate Web [WWW Document]. IFLScience. URL (accessed 10.30.18).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Weather Forecasting: Improvements Needed in Laboratory Software Development Processes (No. AIMD-95-24). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ayres, R., 2017. Optimization of a Novel Oxy-Michael Ugi-Smiles Reaction (Doctoral dissertation). Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Poniewozik, J., 2017. For Trump, Everything Is a Rating. New York Times C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rockman, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Rockman, 2008; Thoennessen and Sherrill, 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thoennessen and Sherrill, 2011)
  • Three or more authors: (Cordaux et al., 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Neonatal Nursing
AbbreviationJ. Neonatal Nurs.
ISSN (print)1355-1841
ScopeMaternity and Midwifery

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