How to format your references using the Nature Geoscience citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Geoscience. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Suderow, H. J. PHYSICS. Opening the gate on superconductivity. Science 350, 1316–1317 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Gilboa, L. & Lehmann, R. Soma-germline interactions coordinate homeostasis and growth in the Drosophila gonad. Nature 443, 97–100 (2006).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Guo, G., Wang, W. & Bradley, A. Mismatch repair genes identified using genetic screens in Blm-deficient embryonic stem cells. Nature 429, 891–895 (2004).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Rumpel, S., LeDoux, J., Zador, A. & Malinow, R. Postsynaptic receptor trafficking underlying a form of associative learning. Science 308, 83–88 (2005).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Taylor, T. A. Guide to LEED® 2009 Estimating and Preconstruction Strategies. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2010).
An edited book
1.
Service-Oriented Computing. ICSOC/ServiceWave 2009 Workshops: International Workshops, ICSOC/ServiceWave 2009, Stockholm, Sweden, November 23-27, 2009, Revised Selected Papers. vol. 6275 (Springer, 2010).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Cousins, D. Implementing Environmental and Social Risk Management on the Ground: Interfaces Between Clients, Investment Banks, Multi-laterals, Consultants and Contractors: A Case Study from the EBRD. in Responsible Investment Banking: Risk Management Frameworks, Sustainable Financial Innovation and Softlaw Standards (ed. Wendt, K.) 81–107 (Springer International Publishing, 2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Geoscience.

Blog post
1.
Hale, T. Scientists Are Giving Prawns ‘Sex Changes’ To Help Farmers Increase Yields. IFLScience (2015).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology Management: Governmentwide Strategic Planning, Performance Measurement, and Investment Management Can Be Further Improved. (2004).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Boylan, S. A. An exploratory case study: U. S. Army’s leadership development for organizational leaders. (University of Phoenix, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Liogier, R. France’s neither-nor election. New York Times 0 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Geoscience
AbbreviationNat. Geosci.
ISSN (print)1752-0894
ISSN (online)1752-0908
ScopeGeneral Earth and Planetary Sciences

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