How to format your references using the Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia (RPA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
PORTER, Susannah M. (2007) – Seawater chemistry and early carbonate biomineralization. Science (New York, N.Y.). 316:5829, p. 1302.
A journal article with 2 authors
MURAKAMI, Midori; KOUYAMA, Tsutomu (2008) – Crystal structure of squid rhodopsin. Nature. 453:7193, pp. 363–367.
A journal article with 3 authors
CONARD, Nicholas J.; GROOTES, Pieter M.; SMITH, Fred H. (2004) – Unexpectedly recent dates for human remains from Vogelherd. Nature. 430:6996, pp. 198–201.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
LOVEDAY, J. S.; NELMES, R. J.; GUTHRIE, M.; BELMONTE, S. A.; ALLAN, D. R.; KLUG, D. D.; TSE, J. S.; HANDA, Y. P. (2001) – Stable methane hydrate above 2 GPa and the source of Titan’s atmospheric methane. Nature. 410:6829, pp. 661–663.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
PAPADIMITRIOU, G. I.; TSIMOULAS, P. A.; OBAIDAT, M. S.; POMPORTSIS, A. S. (2005) – Multiwavelength Optical LANs. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
NG, Cecilia (Ed.) (2016) – Gender Responsive and Participatory Budgeting: Imperatives for Equitable Public Expenditure. Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
GEST, Howard (2005) – History of the word photosynthesis and evolution of its definition. In GOVINDJEE, BEATTY, J. Thomas, GEST, Howard & ALLEN, John F., eds. – Discoveries in Photosynthesis Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands, pp. 39–42.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia.

Blog post
DAVIS, Josh (2015, October 9) – Global Coral Bleaching Event Declared.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (2016) – Local Media Advertising: FCC Should Take Action to Ensure Television Stations Publicly File Advertising Agreements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
FAYNBLUT, Victoria (2016) – College access: A case study of Latino charter school students and their K-16 pathways.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
DAVEY, Monica (2014, January 23) – Michigan Governor Asks State Lawmakers to Provide $350 Million for Detroit. New York Times. p. A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Porter 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Porter 2007, Murakami & Kouyama 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Murakami & Kouyama 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Loveday et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Portuguesa de Arqueologia
ISSN (print)0874-2782

Other styles