How to format your references using the Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia (RPA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
BOWMAN, David (2012) – Conservation: Bring elephants to Australia? Nature. 482:7383, p. 30.
A journal article with 2 authors
PÉREZ-GUSSINYÉ, M.; WATTS, A. B. (2005) – The long-term strength of Europe and its implications for plate-forming processes. Nature. 436:7049, pp. 381–384.
A journal article with 3 authors
POLLEY, Daniel B.; KVASNÁK, Eugen; FROSTIG, Ron D. (2004) – Naturalistic experience transforms sensory maps in the adult cortex of caged animals. Nature. 429:6987, pp. 67–71.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
GUO, H. F.; TONG, J.; HANNAN, F.; LUO, L.; ZHONG, Y. (2000) – A neurofibromatosis-1-regulated pathway is required for learning in Drosophila. Nature. 403:6772, pp. 895–898.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
MOLONEY, Mark G. (2015) – How to Solve Organic Reaction Mechanisms. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
KASSEL, Stephan; WU, Bing (Eds.) (2016) – Software Engineering Education Going Agile: 11th China–Europe International Symposium on Software Engineering Education (CEISEE 2015). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
CHU, Min; LI, Yusheng; ZOU, Xin; SOONG, Frank (2007) – Enrich Web Applications with Voice Internet Persona Text-to-Speech for Anyone, Anywhere. In JACKO, Julie A., ed. – Human-Computer Interaction. HCI Intelligent Multimodal Interaction Environments: 12th International Conference, HCI International 2007, Beijing, China, July 22-27, 2007, Proceedings, Part III Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 40–49.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia.

Blog post
ANDREW, Elise (2015, May 19) – Have Researchers Finally Settled The Nature Vs Nurture Debate?


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (2011) – Rail Transit: Reliability of FTA’s Rail Accident Database. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
GRUHL, Diana Krista (2010) – Santa Rosa Adopt-A-Grandparent Plus program: A grant proposal project.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
WAGNER, James (2017, July 22) – Syndergaard Rethinks Training: Fewer Weights, More Flexibility. New York Times. p. SP8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bowman 2012).
This sentence cites two references (Pérez-Gussinyé & Watts 2005, Bowman 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pérez-Gussinyé & Watts 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Guo et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Portuguesa de Arqueologia
ISSN (print)0874-2782

Other styles