How to format your references using the Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia (RPA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
FROESE, Rainer (2011) – Fishery reform slips through the net. Nature. 475:7354, p. 7.
A journal article with 2 authors
BECKER, Harry; WALKER, Richard J. (2003) – Efficient mixing of the solar nebula from uniform Mo isotopic composition of meteorites. Nature. 425:6954, pp. 152–155.
A journal article with 3 authors
GONSAMO, Alemu; CHEN, Jing M.; WU, Chaoyang (2013) – Citizen Science: linking the recent rapid advances of plant flowering in Canada with climate variability. Scientific reports. 3, p. 2239.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
WU, J.; BOYLE, E.; SUNDA, W.; WEN, L. S. (2001) – Soluble and colloidal iron in the oligotrophic North Atlantic and North Pacific. Science (New York, N.Y.). 293:5531, pp. 847–849.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
AHMAD, Khalid (2005) – Sourcebook of ATM and IP Internetworking. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
SUZUKI, Osamu (2005) – Drugs and Poisons in Humans: A Handbook of Practical Analysis. (K. Watanabe, Ed.) Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
GIMENO GASCA, Cecilia; CELMA PUEYO, Santiago; ALDEA CHAGOYEN, Concepción (2015) – Adaptation Loop. In CELMA PUEYO, Santiago & ALDEA CHAGOYEN, Concepción, eds. – CMOS Continuous-Time Adaptive Equalizers for High-Speed Serial Links Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 81–105.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia.

Blog post
ANDREW, Elise (2015, August 17) – Play Linked To Sluggish Growth In Infant Monkeys – But Should Humans Worry?


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (2003) – Charter Schools: New Charter Schools Across the Country and in the District of Columbia Face Similar Start-Up Challenges. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
SUMNER, Isaiah (2010) – Quantum wavepacket ab initio molecular dynamics: Simulating quantum nuclear effects in complex systems.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
KELLY, John (2004, August 8) – HOME FRONT/Erin St.; Trading Boardroom for a Camper’s Bunk. New York Times. p. 101.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Froese 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Becker & Walker 2003, Froese 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Becker & Walker 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Wu et al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Portuguesa de Arqueologia
ISSN (print)0874-2782

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