How to format your references using the Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia (RPA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
MERILÄ, Juha (2009) – Evolution. Genetic constraints on adaptation? Science (New York, N.Y.). 325:5945, pp. 1212–1213.
A journal article with 2 authors
BOROSON, Todd A.; LAUER, Tod R. (2009) – A candidate sub-parsec supermassive binary black hole system. Nature. 458:7234, pp. 53–55.
A journal article with 3 authors
KHATIWALA, S.; PRIMEAU, F.; HALL, T. (2009) – Reconstruction of the history of anthropogenic CO(2) concentrations in the ocean. Nature. 462:7271, pp. 346–349.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
FAN, Weiwei; WAYMIRE, Katrina G.; NARULA, Navneet; LI, Peng; ROCHER, Christophe; COSKUN, Pinar E.; VANNAN, Mani A.; NARULA, Jagat; MACGREGOR, Grant R.; WALLACE, Douglas C. (2008) – A mouse model of mitochondrial disease reveals germline selection against severe mtDNA mutations. Science (New York, N.Y.). 319:5865, pp. 958–962.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
VANCLEF, Jason (2013) – The Wealth Code 2.0. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
HART, William E. (2012) – Pyomo – Optimization Modeling in Python. (C. Laird, J.-P. Watson, and D. L. Woodruff, Eds.) Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
DUTYKH, Denys; DIAS, Frédéric (2007) – Water waves generated by a moving bottom. In KUNDU, Anjan, ed. – Tsunami and Nonlinear Waves Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer, pp. 65–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia.

Blog post
CARPINETI, Alfredo (2017, May 10) – Supermassive Black Holes Become Shrouded In Dust During Galaxy Mergers.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (1988) – Space Exploration: NASA’s Deep Space Missions Are Experiencing Long Delays. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
KOTCH, Seth (2009) – Unduly harsh and unworkably rigid: The death penalty in North Carolina, 1910–1961.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
NEUMAN, William (2014, December 18) – Colombian Rebels Call Unilateral Truce. New York Times. p. A24.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Merilä 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Boroson & Lauer 2009, Merilä 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Boroson & Lauer 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Fan et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Portuguesa de Arqueologia
ISSN (print)0874-2782

Other styles