How to format your references using the Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia (RPA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
GILLE, Sarah (2014) – Oceanography. How ice shelves melt. Science (New York, N.Y.). 346:6214, pp. 1180–1181.
A journal article with 2 authors
VIGEVANI, Luisa; VALCÁRCEL, Juan (2014) – Molecular biology. A splicing magic bullet. Science (New York, N.Y.). 345:6197, pp. 624–625.
A journal article with 3 authors
SALE, Julian E.; PATEL, Ketan J.; BATISTA, Facundo D. (2013) – Retrospective. Michael Neuberger (1953-2013). Science (New York, N.Y.). 342:6164, p. 1335.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
MEIER, Mark F.; DYURGEROV, Mark B.; RICK, Ursula K.; O’NEEL, Shad; PFEFFER, W. Tad; ANDERSON, Robert S.; ANDERSON, Suzanne P.; GLAZOVSKY, Andrey F. (2007) – Glaciers dominate eustatic sea-level rise in the 21st century. Science (New York, N.Y.). 317:5841, pp. 1064–1067.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
SEXTON, Don (2008) – Trump University Branding 101. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
CAIRES, Luís; VASCONCELOS, Vasco T. (Eds.) (2007) – CONCUR 2007 – Concurrency Theory: 18th International Conference, CONCUR 2007, Lisbon, Portugal, September 3-8, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
NESTEL, David; REMPOULAKIS, Polychronis; YANOVSKI, Liana; MIRANDA, Miguel A.; PAPADOPOULOS, Nikos T. (2016) – The Evolution of Alternative Control Strategies in a Traditional Crop: Economy and Policy as Drivers of Olive Fly Control. In HOROWITZ, A. Rami & ISHAAYA, Isaac, eds. – Advances in Insect Control and Resistance Management Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 47–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia.

Blog post
DAVIS, Josh (2015, August 5) – Discovery Of New Biomarkers Could Lead To Earlier Detection Of Pancreatic Cancer.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (1988) – Air Traffic Control: Continued Improvements Needed in FAA’s Management of the NAS Plan. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
LITTLEFIELD, Scott (2017) – Application of Discrete Event Simulation to Modeling Reliability of Highly Parallel Systems with Common Cause Failures.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
EDGE, John T. (2017, May 6) – The Hidden Radicalism of Southern Food. New York Times. p. SR1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Gille 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Vigevani & Valcárcel 2014, Gille 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Vigevani & Valcárcel 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Meier et al. 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Portuguesa de Arqueologia
ISSN (print)0874-2782

Other styles