How to format your references using the Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia (RPA). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
TOOZE, S. A. (2001) – Cell biology. GGAs tie up the loose ends. Science (New York, N.Y.). 292:5522, pp. 1663–1665.
A journal article with 2 authors
FRANKLIN, C. E.; AXELSSON, M. (2000) – An actively controlled heart valve. Nature. 406:6798, pp. 847–848.
A journal article with 3 authors
ORIHARA, Yoshiaki; KAMOGAWA, Masashi; NAGAO, Toshiyasu (2014) – Preseismic changes of the level and temperature of confined groundwater related to the 2011 Tohoku Earthquake. Scientific reports. 4, p. 6907.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
SIBLEY, David A.; BEVIER, Louis R.; PATTEN, Michael A.; ELPHICK, Chris S. (2006) – Comment on ‘Ivory-billed woodpecker (Campephilus principalis) persists in continental North America’. Science (New York, N.Y.). 311:5767, pp. 1555; author reply 1555.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
GHAYE, Tony (2008) – Developing the Reflective Healthcare Team. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
An edited book
WANG, Lusheng (Ed.) (2005) – Computing and Combinatorics: 11th Annual International Conference, COCOON 2005 Kunming, China, August 16–19, 2005 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
BEAUMONT, L. C.; BOLTON, L. E.; MCKAY, A.; HUGHES, H. P. N. (2014) – Rethinking Service Design: A Socio-Technical Approach to the Development of Business Models. In SCHAEFER, Dirk, ed. – Product Development in the Socio-sphere: Game Changing Paradigms for 21st Century Breakthrough Product Development and Innovation Cham: Springer International Publishing, pp. 121–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Revista Portuguesa de Arqueologia.

Blog post
HALE, Tom (2015, October 26) – This Great Infographic Breaks Down The Top 5 Misconceptions About Evolution.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
GOVERNMENT ACCOUNTABILITY OFFICE (1972) – Controls Over Funds Available to the District of Columbia Public Schools. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
PETROVIC, Vojislav (2017) – The K(n)-local E n-Adams Spectral Sequence and a Cohomological Approximation of its E2-term.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
ROTHENBERG, Ben (2016, November 22) – Mastering the Strings Without Hearing a Sound. New York Times. p. D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Tooze 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Franklin & Axelsson 2000, Tooze 2001).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Franklin & Axelsson 2000)
  • Three or more authors: (Sibley et al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleRevista Portuguesa de Arqueologia
ISSN (print)0874-2782

Other styles