How to format your references using the Pakistan Veterinary Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pakistan Veterinary Journal (PKV). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilsdon J, 2015. We need a measured approach to metrics. Nature 523:129.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nishimura MT and Dangl JL, 2014. Plant science. Paired plant immune receptors. Science 344:267–268.
A journal article with 3 authors
Azzam NA, Hallenbeck JM and Kachar B, 2000. Membrane changes during hibernation. Nature 407:317–318.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Leibundgut M, Jenni S, Frick C, et al., 2007. Structural basis for substrate delivery by acyl carrier protein in the yeast fatty acid synthase. Science 316:288–290.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lombard M, 2009. SolidWorks® Administration Bible. Wiley Publishing, Inc.: Indianapolis, IN, USA.
An edited book
Fortis M, 2015. Italy’s Top Products in World Trade: The Fortis-Corradini Index. Springer International Publishing: Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Hellmich C, Fritsch A and Dormieux L, 2011. Multiscale Homogenization Theory: An Analysis Tool for Revealing Mechanical Design Principles in Bone and Bone Replacement Materials. In: Biomimetics -- Materials, Structures and Processes: Examples, Ideas and Case Studies (Gruber P, Bruckner D, Hellmich C, et al., eds). Springer: Berlin, Heidelberg, pp:81–103.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pakistan Veterinary Journal.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J, 2016. Watch Live As NASA Inflates The First Expandable Room On The ISS. IFLScience. 2016 Available at (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1977. Proposed Regulation Prescribing New “Fixed-Price Options” " Provisions for Use in Automatic Data Processing Systems Procurement. U.S. Government Printing Office: Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Eisenbeiser CK, 2012. Parents’ Experience of Involvement in the Lives of Community College Students: A Phenomenological Study. Doctoral dissertation. Northcentral University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hollander S, 2000. Powell Leads Syracuse; Princeton Survives. New York Times 88.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wilsdon, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Nishimura and Dangl, 2014; Wilsdon, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nishimura and Dangl, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Azzam, Hallenbeck, and Kachar, 2000)
  • 4 or more authors: (Leibundgut et al., 2007)

About the journal

Full journal titlePakistan Veterinary Journal
ISSN (print)0253-8318
ISSN (online)2074-7764

Other styles