How to format your references using the Nature Digest citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Digest. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ruttimann, J. Cell mates. Nature 450, 756–757 (2007).
A journal article with 2 authors
Damasio, A. & Meyer, K. Behind the looking-glass. Nature 454, 167–168 (2008).
A journal article with 3 authors
Peng, Y., Maiolino, R. & Cochrane, R. Strangulation as the primary mechanism for shutting down star formation in galaxies. Nature 521, 192–195 (2015).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Ku, Z., Rong, Y., Xu, M., Liu, T. & Han, H. Full printable processed mesoscopic CH₃NH₃PbI₃/TiO₂ heterojunction solar cells with carbon counter electrode. Sci. Rep. 3, 3132 (2013).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zito, R. Electrochemical Water Processing. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011).
An edited book
Magnonics: From Fundamentals to Applications. vol. 125 (Springer, 2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Mccall, S. Quality of Life. in Citation Classics from Social Indicators Research: The Most Cited Articles Edited and Introduced by Alex C. Michalos (ed. Michalos, A. C.) 117–136 (Springer Netherlands, 2005).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Digest.

Blog post
Andrew, D. If A Nuclear Bomb Is Dropped On Your City, Here’s Where You Should Run And Hide. IFLScience (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. James Webb Space Telescope: Project Meeting Commitments but Current Technical, Cost, and Schedule Challenges Could Affect Continued Progress. (2014).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lieberman, D. S. ‘Stroke Your Thoroughbreds and Kick Your Donkeys’: Power and the Secondary Administrative Distribution of Teaching Assignments. (George Washington University, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Brantley, B. These Avian Marauders Are Less Than Fierce. New York Times C8 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Digest
ISSN (print)1880-0556

Other styles