How to format your references using the Nature Digest citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Digest. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jones, G. Total internal reflection. Nature 403, 707 (2000).
A journal article with 2 authors
Gray, R. D. & Atkinson, Q. D. Language-tree divergence times support the Anatolian theory of Indo-European origin. Nature 426, 435–439 (2003).
A journal article with 3 authors
Werlen, G., Hausmann, B. & Palmer, E. A motif in the alphabeta T-cell receptor controls positive selection by modulating ERK activity. Nature 406, 422–426 (2000).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Ju, B. G. et al. Fringe forms a complex with Notch. Nature 405, 191–195 (2000).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Grist, F. Basic Guide to Orthodontic Dental Nursing. (Wiley-Blackwell, 2010).
An edited book
Tang, J. Intrusion Detection for IP-Based Multimedia Communications over Wireless Networks. (Springer, 2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Biscari, P., Ruggeri, T., Saccomandi, G. & Vianello, M. Sistemi vincolati. in Meccanica Razionale (eds. Ruggeri, T., Saccomandi, G. & Vianello, M.) 47–81 (Springer, 2014).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Digest.

Blog post
Luntz, S. Galactic Umbrella’s Tale Revealed. IFLScience (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Ocean Mining Technology Transfer (Best available copy). (1982).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Underwood, V. L. The effect of guided reading instruction on reading achievement. (Lindenwood University, 2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J. Wheeler and Gsellman Join the Mets’ Rotation. New York Times B11 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Digest
ISSN (print)1880-0556

Other styles