How to format your references using the European Journal of Soil Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Soil Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J.E. Sadler, Structural biology. A ménage à trois in two configurations, Science. 301 (2003) 177–179.
A journal article with 2 authors
S.S. Skourtis, D.N. Beratan, Biochemistry. Photosynthesis from the protein’s perspective, Science. 316 (2007) 703–704.
A journal article with 3 authors
S. Mabe, T. Nagamune, M. Kawahara, Detecting protein-protein interactions based on kinase-mediated growth induction of mammalian cells, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 6127.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
R.H.P. Law, N. Lukoyanova, I. Voskoboinik, T.T. Caradoc-Davies, K. Baran, M.A. Dunstone, M.E. D’Angelo, E.V. Orlova, F. Coulibaly, S. Verschoor, K.A. Browne, A. Ciccone, M.J. Kuiper, P.I. Bird, J.A. Trapani, H.R. Saibil, J.C. Whisstock, The structural basis for membrane binding and pore formation by lymphocyte perforin, Nature. 468 (2010) 447–451.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society (TMS), Supplemental Proceedings, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
W.L. Myers, Multivariate Methods of Representing Relations in R for Prioritization Purposes: Selective Scaling, Comparative Clustering, Collective Criteria and Sequenced Sets, Springer, New York, NY, 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
I. Kanj, G. Xia, B. Zhu, The Radiation Hybrid Map Construction Problem Is FPT, in: Z. Cai, O. Eulenstein, D. Janies, D. Schwartz (Eds.), Bioinformatics Research and Applications: 9th International Symposium, ISBRA 2013, Charlotte, NC, USA, May 20-22, 2013. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2013: pp. 5–16.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Soil Biology.

Blog post
J. O`Callaghan, Stunning New “Farewell To Pluto” Image Reminds Us How Awesome This World Is, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Internet: Federal Web-based Complaint Handling, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2000.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.M. Warwick-Smith, Remembering Prudence: Tracking the Iconography of a Cardinal Virtue to Her Resurgence in Depth Psychology, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Barron, A Hospital, Once Afloat, Is Buoyant With Over a Century of Memories, New York Times. (2017) A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Soil Biology
AbbreviationEur. J. Soil Biol.
ISSN (print)1164-5563
ScopeInsect Science
Soil Science

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