How to format your references using the European Journal of Soil Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for European Journal of Soil Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Z. Ghahramani, Computational neuroscience. Building blocks of movement, Nature. 407 (2000) 682–683.
A journal article with 2 authors
M.H. Kershaw, M.J. Smyth, Immunology. Making macrophages eat cancer, Science. 341 (2013) 41–42.
A journal article with 3 authors
L. Pelkmans, D. Püntener, A. Helenius, Local actin polymerization and dynamin recruitment in SV40-induced internalization of caveolae, Science. 296 (2002) 535–539.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
X. Zhang, G. Guo, C. Ji, K. Huang, C. Zha, Y. Wang, L. Shen, A. Gupta, N. Bao, Efficient thermolysis route to monodisperse Cu₂ZnSnS₄ nanocrystals with controlled shape and structure, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 5086.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
A. Vander Vorst, A. Rosen, Y. Kotsuka, RF/Microwave Interaction with Biological Tissues, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
F. Martino, Ecografia dell’apparato osteoarticolare: Anatomia, semeiotica e quadri patologici, Springer, Milano, 2006.
A chapter in an edited book
T.R. Glare, Use of Pathogens for Eradication of Exotic Lepidopteran Pests in New Zealand, in: A.E. Hajek, T.R. Glare, M. O’Callaghan (Eds.), Use of Microbes for Control and Eradication of Invasive Arthropods, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009: pp. 49–69.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for European Journal of Soil Biology.

Blog post
T. Hale, Unbelievable X-Rays Show Puppy Who Swallowed 8-Inch Kitchen Knife, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Electronic Government: Performance Measures for Projects Aimed at Promoting Innovation and Transparency Can Be Improved, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Tse, An explication of the Hilbert basis theorem and its relation to school mathematics, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
M. Billard, New Pose On the Mat: The Sleuth, New York Times. (2011) MB1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEuropean Journal of Soil Biology
AbbreviationEur. J. Soil Biol.
ISSN (print)1164-5563
ScopeInsect Science
Soil Science

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