How to format your references using the Nature Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman, M. Path to approval proves rocky for copycat biodrugs. Nature 438, 154–155 (2005).
A journal article with 2 authors
Horvath, P. & Barrangou, R. CRISPR/Cas, the immune system of bacteria and archaea. Science 327, 167–170 (2010).
A journal article with 3 authors
Kokoouline, V., Greene, C. H. & Esry, B. D. Mechanism for the destruction of H+3 ions by electron impact. Nature 412, 891–894 (2001).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Lu, W., Ji, Z., Pfeiffer, L., West, K. W. & Rimberg, A. J. Real-time detection of electron tunnelling in a quantum dot. Nature 423, 422–425 (2003).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Islam, M. R., Hossain, M. E., Moussavizadegan, S. H., Mustafiz, S. & Abou&xKassem, J. H. Advanced Petroleum Reservoir Simulation. (John Wiley &;#38; Sons, Inc., 2016).
An edited book
The Expanding Cell. vol. 6 (Springer, 2007).
A chapter in an edited book
Moot, R. & Retoré, C. The Multimodal Lambek Calculus. in The Logic of Categorial Grammars: A Deductive Account of Natural Language Syntax and Semantics (ed. Retoré, C.) 149–191 (Springer, 2012).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Chemistry.

Blog post
Hale, T. Tesla Autopilot Helps Seriously Sick Man Drive To Hospital. IFLScience (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Department of Energy: Advanced Technology Vehicle Loan Program Needs Enhanced Oversight and Performance Measures. (2011).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Mitchell, S. F. Life-review therapy: A prevention program for the elderly who are experiencing life transitions. A grant proposal. (California State University, Long Beach, 2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Reinhart, M. K. Perla Farias and David Portugal Jr. New York Times ST9 (2010).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Chemistry
AbbreviationNat. Chem.
ISSN (print)1755-4330
ISSN (online)1755-4349
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry

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