How to format your references using the Nature Chemistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Chemistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Stafford, N. Angling saxons. Nature 441, 931 (2006).
A journal article with 2 authors
Cho, S. W. & Chang, H. Y. Genomics: CRISPR engineering turns on genes. Nature 517, 560–562 (2015).
A journal article with 3 authors
Song, H., Stevens, C. F. & Gage, F. H. Astroglia induce neurogenesis from adult neural stem cells. Nature 417, 39–44 (2002).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Kettle, C. J. et al. Mass fruiting in Borneo: a missed opportunity. Science 330, 584 (2010).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Laplante, P. A. & Ovaska, S. J. Real-Time Systems Design and Analysis. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2011).
An edited book
Trust and Trustworthy Computing: 6th International Conference, TRUST 2013, London, UK, June 17-19, 2013. Proceedings. vol. 7904 (Springer, 2013).
A chapter in an edited book
Wang, P., He, Y. & Huang, L. Approaching the Optimal Schedule for Data Aggregation in Wireless Sensor Networks. in Wireless Algorithms, Systems, and Applications: 5th International Conference, WASA 2010, Beijing, China, August 15-17, 2010. Proceedings (eds. Pandurangan, G., Anil Kumar, V. S., Ming, G., Liu, Y. & Li, Y.) 26–35 (Springer, 2010).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Chemistry.

Blog post
Andrew, E. Do 3D Films Make you Dizzy – or is it Just Your Imagination? IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Implications of Joint NASA/DOD Participation in Space Shuttle Operations. (1983).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vatankhah, I. Purification of Industrial Grade Urea for diesel exhaust pollution reduction. (California State University, Long Beach, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, S. R. Bonjour, America! New York Times A23 (2013).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Chemistry
AbbreviationNat. Chem.
ISSN (print)1755-4330
ISSN (online)1755-4349
ScopeGeneral Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry

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