How to format your references using the International Journal of Sediment Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Sediment Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Broecker, W. S. (2006). Geology. Was the Younger Dryas triggered by a flood? Science (New York, N.Y.), 312(5777), 1146–1148.
A journal article with 2 authors
Thoroughman, K. A., & Shadmehr, R. (2000). Learning of action through adaptive combination of motor primitives. Nature, 407(6805), 742–747.
A journal article with 3 authors
Okuwaki, R., Yagi, Y., & Hirano, S. (2014). Relationship between high-frequency radiation and asperity ruptures, revealed by hybrid back-projection with a non-planar fault model. Scientific Reports, 4, 7120.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Bu, L., Jiang, X., Martin-Puig, S., Caron, L., Zhu, S., Shao, Y., Roberts, D. J., Huang, P. L., Domian, I. J., & Chien, K. R. (2009). Human ISL1 heart progenitors generate diverse multipotent cardiovascular cell lineages. Nature, 460(7251), 113–117.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Alsop, A. (2013). Continuing Professional Development in Health and Social Care. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Linsen, L., Hagen, H., & Hamann, B. (Eds.). (2008). Visualization in Medicine and Life Sciences. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Bozovic, I. (2007). Possible Jahn–Teller Effect and Strong Electron–Phonon Coupling in Beryllium Hydride. In A. Bussmann-Holder & H. Keller (Eds.), High Tc Superconductors and Related Transition Metal Oxides: Special Contributions in Honor of K. Alex Müller on the Occasion of his 80th Birthday (pp. 43–55). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Sediment Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 24). New Study Finds Marijuana Safer Than Alcohol Or Tobacco. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). District of Columbia Charter Schools: Criteria for Awarding School Buildings to Charter Schools Needs Additional Transparency (GAO-11-263). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hernandez, M. (2014). Successful emancipation of foster youth through the use of mentors: A grant proposal [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Quain, J. R. (2016, November 10). Carmakers Employ Technology to Give Vehicles Well-Tuned Interiors. New York Times, B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Broecker, 2006).
This sentence cites two references (Broecker, 2006; Thoroughman & Shadmehr, 2000).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Thoroughman & Shadmehr, 2000)
  • Three authors: (Okuwaki et al., 2014)
  • 6 or more authors: (Bu et al., 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Sediment Research
AbbreviationInt. J. Sediment Res.
ISSN (print)1001-6279

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