How to format your references using the International Journal of Sediment Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Sediment Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ostrom, E. (2009). A general framework for analyzing sustainability of social-ecological systems. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5939), 419–422.
A journal article with 2 authors
Shen, Y., & Lua, A. C. (2013). A facile method for the large-scale continuous synthesis of graphene sheets using a novel catalyst. Scientific Reports, 3, 3037.
A journal article with 3 authors
Gandía-Herrero, F., García-Carmona, F., & Escribano, J. (2005). Botany: floral fluorescence effect. Nature, 437(7057), 334.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Shima, S., Pilak, O., Vogt, S., Schick, M., Stagni, M. S., Meyer-Klaucke, W., Warkentin, E., Thauer, R. K., & Ermler, U. (2008). The crystal structure of [Fe]-hydrogenase reveals the geometry of the active site. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5888), 572–575.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dos Santos, E. C., Jr, & Cabral da Silva, E. R. (2014). ADVANCED POWER ELECTRONICS CONVERTERS. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hassanien, A. E., Kim, T.-H., Kacprzyk, J., & Awad, A. I. (Eds.). (2014). Bio-inspiring Cyber Security and Cloud Services: Trends and Innovations (Vol. 70). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Mohamad Said, M. N. H., Yahaya, N., Abdullah, Z., Atan, N. A., & Zaid, N. M. (2016). The Nature of Student Group Online Interactions in Learning ICT Education. In J. E. Luaran, J. Sardi, A. Aziz, & N. A. Alias (Eds.), Envisioning the Future of Online Learning: Selected Papers from the International Conference on e-Learning 2015 (pp. 31–51). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Sediment Research.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2014, June 24). Jurassic Parasite Sucked Salamander Blood. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2001). FTS2001: Transition Challenges Jeopardize Program Goals (GAO-01-289). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Papacostaki, M. (2010). Under the black sun [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Lyman, R., & Walsh, M. W. (2014, January 15). Task Force Report Urges Municipalities to Stop Hiding Fiscal Troubles. New York Times, A14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ostrom, 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Ostrom, 2009; Shen & Lua, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Shen & Lua, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Gandía-Herrero et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Shima et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Sediment Research
AbbreviationInt. J. Sediment Res.
ISSN (print)1001-6279

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