How to format your references using the International Journal of Sediment Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Sediment Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grafton, A. (2015). Lisa Jardine (1944-2015). Nature, 528(7580), 40.
A journal article with 2 authors
Bell, G. I., & Polonsky, K. S. (2001). Diabetes mellitus and genetically programmed defects in beta-cell function. Nature, 414(6865), 788–791.
A journal article with 3 authors
Roughgarden, J., Oishi, M., & Akçay, E. (2006). Reproductive social behavior: cooperative games to replace sexual selection. Science (New York, N.Y.), 311(5763), 965–969.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Iyengar, R., Diverse-Pierluissi, M. A., Jenkins, S. L., Chan, A. M., Devi, L. A., Sobie, E. A., Ting, A. T., & Weinstein, D. C. (2008). Inquiry learning. Integrating content detail and critical reasoning by peer review. Science (New York, N.Y.), 319(5867), 1189–1190.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Sewell, G. (2005). The Numerical Solution of Ordinary and Partial Differential Equations. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Hetzer, R., Rankin, J. S., & Yankah, C. A. (Eds.). (2011). Mitral Valve Repair. Steinkopff.
A chapter in an edited book
Elovici, Y., Shabtai, A., Moskovitch, R., Tahan, G., & Glezer, C. (2007). Applying Machine Learning Techniques for Detection of Malicious Code in Network Traffic. In J. Hertzberg, M. Beetz, & R. Englert (Eds.), KI 2007: Advances in Artificial Intelligence: 30th Annual German Conference on AI, KI 2007, Osnabrück, Germany, September 10-13, 2007. Proceedings (pp. 44–50). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Sediment Research.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, January 16). Long Lost Beagle Probe Finally Found On Mars. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1998). Executive Guide: Leading Practices in Capital Decision-Making (Supersedes AIMD-98-110) (AIMD-99-32). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Widner, C. M. (2010). Top -dog to bottom -dog: A study of middle to high school transition and teachers’ philosophies and practices as applied to stage -environment fit theory [Doctoral dissertation]. Capella University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
Schwirtz, M., & White, R. (2013, December 21). Tractor-Trailer Kills 8-Year-Old Boy Walking to School in Queens. New York Times, A15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Grafton, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Bell & Polonsky, 2001; Grafton, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Bell & Polonsky, 2001)
  • Three authors: (Roughgarden et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Iyengar et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Sediment Research
AbbreviationInt. J. Sediment Res.
ISSN (print)1001-6279

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