How to format your references using the South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture (SAJEV). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Brock, D.W., 2002. Human cloning and our sense of self Science 296, 5566, 314–316.
A journal article with 2 authors
McInerney, J.O. & O’Connell, M.J., 2014. Evolutionary developmental biology: Ghost locus appears Nature 514, 7524, 570–571.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cai, W., Vasudev, A.P., et al., 2011. Electrically controlled nonlinear generation of light with plasmonics Science 333, 6050, 1720–1723.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ueda, M., Sako, Y., et al., 2001. Single-molecule analysis of chemotactic signaling in Dictyostelium cells Science 294, 5543, 864–867.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Segura, J. & Hawkins, C.F., 2005. CMOS Electronics. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Parkin, G. Ed., 2010. Metal-Metal Bonding. Vol. 136. (Structure and Bonding). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Dehni, L., Krief, F., et al., 2006. Power Control and Clustering in Wireless Sensor Networks In: K.A. Agha, I. Guérin Lassous, & G. Pujolle (eds). Challenges in Ad Hoc Networking: Fourth Annual Mediterranean Ad Hoc Networking Workshop, June 21–24, 2005, Île de Porquerolles, France. (IFIP International Federation for Information Processing). Springer US, Boston, MA 31–40.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. What Is The Absolute Limit For Human Athletes? Here’s The Science.. Available at IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Resources, Community, and Economic Development Information Systems Issue Area: Active Assignments (AA-96-30(2)) U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Lopez, V., 2015. The Indian Child Welfare Act of 1978: A policy analysis Doctoral dissertation California State University, Long Beach.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2016. Bills to Empower Puerto Rico to Shed Debt Face Likely G.O.P. Opposition New York Times 14 March: B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Brock, 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Brock, 2002; McInerney & O’Connell, 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (McInerney & O’Connell, 2014)
  • Three authors: (Cai et al., 2011)
  • Four or more authors: (Ueda et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleSouth African Journal of Enology and Viticulture
ISSN (print)0253-939X
ISSN (online)2224-7904

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