How to format your references using the South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture (SAJEV). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Auerbach, D.J., 2001. Surface science. Hitting the surface--softly Science 294, 5551, 2488–2489.
A journal article with 2 authors
Pedraza, J.M. & van Oudenaarden, A., 2005. Noise propagation in gene networks Science 307, 5717, 1965–1969.
A journal article with 3 authors
Orlove, B.S., Chiang, J.C., et al., 2000. Forecasting Andean rainfall and crop yield from the influence of El Nino on Pleiades visibility Nature 403, 6765, 68–71.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Liu, H., Gao, J., et al., 2003. A four-base paired genetic helix with expanded size Science 302, 5646, 868–871.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baker, H.K. & English, P., 2011. Capital Budgeting Valuation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Redmer, R., Hensel, F., et al. Eds., 2010. Metal-to-Nonmetal Transitions. Vol. 132. (Springer Series in Materials Science). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Geist, A., 2008. MPI Must Evolve or Die In: A. Lastovetsky, T. Kechadi, & J. Dongarra (eds). Recent Advances in Parallel Virtual Machine and Message Passing Interface: 15th European PVM/MPI Users’ Group Meeting, Dublin, Ireland, September 7-10, 2008. Proceedings. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg 5–5.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture.

Blog post
Hamilton, K., 2016. Why We Need To Pay More Attention To Negative Clinical Trials Available at IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1978. Activities of the Economic Opportunities Development Corporation of San Antonio and Bexar County, Texas (HRD-78-106) U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Barajas, D., 2010. The marginalization of Zitkala-Ša and Wendy Rose Doctoral dissertation University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rashbaum, W.K., Craig, S., et al., 2015. Inquiry Is Said to Aim at Chief of State Senate New York Times 16 April: A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Auerbach, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Auerbach, 2001; Pedraza & van Oudenaarden, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Pedraza & van Oudenaarden, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Orlove et al., 2000)
  • Four or more authors: (Liu et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleSouth African Journal of Enology and Viticulture
ISSN (print)0253-939X
ISSN (online)2224-7904

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