How to format your references using the South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture (SAJEV). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Coyne, J.A., 2005. Evolution. Ernst Mayr (1904-2005) Science 307, 5713, 1212–1213.
A journal article with 2 authors
Wolff, J.O. & Gorb, S.N., 2013. Radial arrangement of Janus-like setae permits friction control in spiders Sci. Rep. 3, 1101.
A journal article with 3 authors
Wise, C., Pawlyn, M., et al., 2013. Eco-engineering: Living in a materials world Nature 494, 7436, 172–175.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ambrogio, S., Narayanan, P., et al., 2018. Equivalent-accuracy accelerated neural-network training using analogue memory Nature 558, 7708, 60–67.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tung, C.-H., Sheng, G.T.T., et al., 2005. ULSI Semiconductor Technology Atlas. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Gill, S. & Pulido, O. Eds., 2005. Glutamate Receptors in Peripheral Tissue: Excitatory Transmission Outside the CNS. Springer US, Boston, MA.
A chapter in an edited book
Wiercigroch, M. & Pavlovskaia, E., 2012. Engineering Applications of Non-smooth Dynamics In: J. Warminski, S. Lenci, M.P. Cartmell, G. Rega, & M. Wiercigroch (eds). Nonlinear Dynamic Phenomena in Mechanics. (Solid Mechanics and Its Applications). Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht 211–273.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture.

Blog post
Andrew, D., 2016. 19 Signs You’re Intelligent — Even If It Doesn’t Feel Like It Available at IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1994. Title 6--NAD Electronic Signature (AIMD-94-102R) U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huffer, D.J., 2013. A spatial analysis and zooarchaeological interpretation of archaeological bison remains in the Southwest and the wildlife management implications for the House Rock Valley bison herd in Grand Canyon National Park, Arizona Doctoral dissertation University of Arizona.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L., 2006. Schoolhouse Blues New York Times 15 January: 14LI8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Coyne, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Coyne, 2005; Wolff & Gorb, 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Wolff & Gorb, 2013)
  • Three authors: (Wise et al., 2013)
  • Four or more authors: (Ambrogio et al., 2018)

About the journal

Full journal titleSouth African Journal of Enology and Viticulture
ISSN (print)0253-939X
ISSN (online)2224-7904

Other styles