How to format your references using the South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture (SAJEV). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Archibald, J.M., 2015. Evolution: Gene transfer in complex cells Nature 524, 7566, 423–424.
A journal article with 2 authors
Varmus, H. & Harlow, E., 2012. Science funding: Provocative questions in cancer research Nature 481, 7382, 436–437.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cohen, B.A., Hewins, R.H., et al., 2000. Evaporation in the young solar nebula as the origin of “just-right” melting of chondrules Nature 406, 6796, 600–602.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kim, B.C., Matsuoka, T., et al., 2013. Guided fracture of films on soft substrates to create micro/nano-feature arrays with controlled periodicity Sci. Rep. 3, 3027.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zelterman, D., 2005. Discrete Distributions: Applications in the Health Sciences. (Wiley Series in Probability and Statistics). John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Stigbrand, T., Carlsson, J., et al. Eds., 2008. Targeted Radionuclide Tumor Therapy: Biological Aspects. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Deldjoo, Y., Elahi, M., et al., 2015. Toward Building a Content-Based Video Recommendation System Based on Low-Level Features In: H. Stuckenschmidt & D. Jannach (eds). E-Commerce and Web Technologies: 16th International Conference on Electronic Commerce and Web Technologies, EC-Web 2015, Valencia, Spain, September 2015, Revised Selected Papers. (Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing). Springer International Publishing, Cham 45–56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture.

Blog post
Andrew, E., 2014. Brilliant Gift Ideas For Science Fans Available at IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1996. Corps of Engineers Electronic Signature System (AIMD-97-18R) U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Buckley, M.K., 2012. A study of at-risk students’ perceptions of an online academic credit recovery program in an urban North Texas independent school district Doctoral dissertation Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M.W., 2016. Walmart Sues Puerto Rico, Claiming an Unfair and Onerous Tax Burden New York Times 4 February: B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Archibald, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Varmus & Harlow, 2012; Archibald, 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Varmus & Harlow, 2012)
  • Three authors: (Cohen et al., 2000)
  • Four or more authors: (Kim et al., 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleSouth African Journal of Enology and Viticulture
ISSN (print)0253-939X
ISSN (online)2224-7904

Other styles