How to format your references using the South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture (SAJEV). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rausher, M.D., 2001. Co-evolution and plant resistance to natural enemies Nature 411, 6839, 857–864.
A journal article with 2 authors
Heisler, I.A. & Meech, S.R., 2010. Low-frequency modes of aqueous alkali halide solutions: glimpsing the hydrogen bonding vibration Science 327, 5967, 857–860.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ju, S.-Y., Kopcha, W.P., et al., 2009. Brightly fluorescent single-walled carbon nanotubes via an oxygen-excluding surfactant organization Science 323, 5919, 1319–1323.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Petrović, A.P., Paré, A., et al., 2014. Long-range electronic reconstruction to a dxz,yz-dominated Fermi surface below the LaAlO₃/SrTiO₃ interface Sci. Rep. 4, 5338.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Banerjee, S. & Lawrence, V., 2010. Managing Dementia in a Multicultural Society. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Kozłowski, M., 2006. Thermal Processes Using Attosecond Laser Pulses: When Time Matters. Vol. 121. (Springer Series in Optical Sciences). Springer, New York, NY.
A chapter in an edited book
Gardiner, S.M., 2013. Socrates on the Impossibility of a Reasonable Politics In: G. Anagnostopoulos & F.D. Miller Jr. (eds). Reason and Analysis in Ancient Greek Philosophy: Essays in Honor of David Keyt. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht 67–90.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture.

Blog post
Davis, J., 2017. US States Ignore White House And Form A “Climate Alliance” To Continue Decarbonization Available at IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 1974. Need for a National Weather Modification Reseach Program (B-133202) U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris, N.S., 2012. The Impact of Action Learning Experience on Reflective Practice Doctoral dissertation George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pennington, B. & Belson, K., 2017. Panthers’ Newton Stands Out in a Quieter Week of Player Protests New York Times 2 October: D7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Rausher, 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Rausher, 2001; Heisler & Meech, 2010).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Heisler & Meech, 2010)
  • Three authors: (Ju et al., 2009)
  • Four or more authors: (Petrović et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleSouth African Journal of Enology and Viticulture
ISSN (print)0253-939X
ISSN (online)2224-7904

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