How to format your references using the South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture (SAJEV). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pronin, E., 2008. How we see ourselves and how we see others Science 320, 5880, 1177–1180.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nair, S. & Schilling, T.F., 2008. Chemokine signaling controls endodermal migration during zebrafish gastrulation Science 322, 5898, 89–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
Leung, A.K.W., Nagai, K., et al., 2011. Structure of the spliceosomal U4 snRNP core domain and its implication for snRNP biogenesis Nature 473, 7348, 536–539.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ghaemmaghami, S., Huh, W.-K., et al., 2003. Global analysis of protein expression in yeast Nature 425, 6959, 737–741.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Niven, P.R., 2014. Balanced Scorecard Evolution. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Chen, K., Deng, R., et al. Eds., 2006. Information Security Practice and Experience: Second International Conference, ISPEC 2006, Hangzhou, China, April 11-14, 2006. Proceedings. Vol. 3903. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science). Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Khan, Q.J.A., Benkherouf, L., et al., 2008. Stability and Optimal Harvesting in a Stage Structure Predator-Prey Switching Strategy In: R.J. Hosking & E. Venturino (eds). Aspects of Mathematical Modelling: Applications in Science, Medicine, Economics and Management. (Mathematics and Biosciences in Interaction). Birkhäuser, Basel 65–80.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for South African Journal of Enology and Viticulture.

Blog post
Luntz, S., 2015. Neglect In Childhood Leaves Marks On Brain Available at IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, 2015. Aviation Security: TSA Has Taken Steps to Improve Vetting of Airport Workers (GAO-15-704T) U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Papp, T.M., 2017. CrashAppTM–Concurrent Multiple Stakeholder Evaluation of a DSR Artefact Doctoral dissertation University of South Florida.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crow, K., 2003. Check That Label, Jake. I Think It’s Chinatown New York Times 9 February: 147.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pronin, 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Nair & Schilling, 2008; Pronin, 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nair & Schilling, 2008)
  • Three authors: (Leung et al., 2011)
  • Four or more authors: (Ghaemmaghami et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleSouth African Journal of Enology and Viticulture
ISSN (print)0253-939X
ISSN (online)2224-7904

Other styles