How to format your references using the Pediatric Physical Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Physical Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Corsi P. Evolution pioneers: Lamarck’s reputation saved by his zoology. Nature. 2009;461:167.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Fry DP, Söderberg P. Lethal aggression in mobile forager bands and implications for the origins of war. Science. 2013;341:270-273.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Scarano F, Guimarães A, da Silva JM. Rio+20: Lead by example. Nature. 2012;486:25-26.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Blinov BB, Moehring DL, Duan L-M, Monroe C. Observation of entanglement between a single trapped atom and a single photon. Nature. 2004;428:153-157.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Thiselton AC. 1 & 2 Thessalonians: Through the Centuries. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Guo S, Liao X, Liu F, Zhu Y, eds. Collaborative Computing: Networking, Applications, and Worksharing: 11th International Conference, CollaborateCom 2015, Wuhan, November 10-11, 2015, China. Proceedings. Vol 163. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bonacci O. Surface Waters and Groundwater in Karst. In: Stevanović Z, ed. Karst Aquifers—Characterization and Engineering. Vol Professional Practice in Earth Sciences. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:149-169.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Physical Therapy.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Found: ‘Lost’ Forests Covering An Area Two-Thirds The Size Of Australia. IFLScience. May 2017. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/found-lost-forests-covering-an-area-twothirds-the-size-of-australia/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Year 2000 Computing Crisis: Readiness of the Telecommunications Industry. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Robertson O. Gender and Crew Resource Management: A Phenomenological Qualitative Study. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
de la MERCED MJ. Bank Hires Tech Expert to Court Traditional Firms. New York Times. July 31, 2017:B2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Physical Therapy
AbbreviationPediatr. Phys. Ther.
ISSN (print)0898-5669
ISSN (online)1538-005X
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles