How to format your references using the Pediatric Physical Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Physical Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ito G. Reykjanes “V”-shaped ridges originating from a pulsing and dehydrating mantle plume. Nature. 2001;411:681-684.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hoppins S, Nunnari J. Cell Biology. Mitochondrial dynamics and apoptosis--the ER connection. Science. 2012;337:1052-1054.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Jalili R, Razal JM, Wallace GG. Wet-spinning of PEDOT:PSS/functionalized-SWNTs composite: a facile route toward production of strong and highly conducting multifunctional fibers. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3438.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Wager TD, Rilling JK, Smith EE, et al. Placebo-induced changes in FMRI in the anticipation and experience of pain. Science. 2004;303:1162-1167.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Elias H-G. Macromolecules. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2009.
An edited book
1.
Shivanna KR. Reproductive Ecology of Flowering Plants: A Manual. Vol (Tandon R, ed.). New Delhi: Springer India; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Stolzenburg J-U, Liatsikos EN, Schwalenberg T, et al. Miscellaneous. In: Stolzenburg J-U, Türk IA, Liatsikos EN, eds. Laparoscopic and Robot-Assisted Surgery in Urology: Atlas of Standard Procedures. Vol Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011:363-386.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Physical Therapy.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Polar Invasion: How Plants And Animals Would Colonise An Ice-Free Antarctica. IFLScience. September 2015. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/polar-invasion-how-plants-and-animals-would-colonise-ice-free-antarctica/. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Patent and Trademark Amendments of 1980 Set the Stage for Uniform Patent Practice by Federal Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Beverley D. Golf as a tool for executive leadership development. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Murphy MJO. A Madcap Austen, Alfresco. New York Times. June 29, 2017:C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Physical Therapy
AbbreviationPediatr. Phys. Ther.
ISSN (print)0898-5669
ISSN (online)1538-005X
ScopePediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
Physical Therapy, Sports Therapy and Rehabilitation

Other styles