How to format your references using the Nature Chemical Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Chemical Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Weston, W. Access to scientific literature. Nature 420, 19 (2002).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Huber, C. & Wächtershäuser, G. alpha-Hydroxy and alpha-amino acids under possible Hadean, volcanic origin-of-life conditions. Science 314, 630–632 (2006).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Oldroyd, G. E. D., Harrison, M. J. & Paszkowski, U. Reprogramming plant cells for endosymbiosis. Science 324, 753–754 (2009).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Hatzivassiliou, G. et al. RAF inhibitors prime wild-type RAF to activate the MAPK pathway and enhance growth. Nature 464, 431–435 (2010).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Le Chevalier, F., Lesselier, D. & Staraj, R. Non-standard Antennas. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc, 2011).
An edited book
1.
Knowledge Engineering and the Semantic Web: 4th International Conference, KESW 2013, St. Petersburg, Russia, October 7-9, 2013. Proceedings. vol. 394 (Springer, 2013).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Cournier, A., Dubois, S., Lamani, A., Petit, F. & Villain, V. Snap-Stabilizing Message Forwarding Algorithm on Tree Topologies. in Distributed Computing and Networking: 13th International Conference, ICDCN 2012, Hong Kong, China, January 3-6, 2012. Proceedings (eds. Bononi, L., Datta, A. K., Devismes, S. & Misra, A.) 46–60 (Springer, 2012).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Chemical Biology.

Blog post
1.
O`Callaghan, J. Scientists Seek Approval To Genetically Modify Human Embryos. IFLScience https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/scientists-seek-approval-genetically-modify-human-embryos/ (2015).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Coast Guard Programs: Relationship between Resources Used and Results Achieved Needs to Be Clearer. (2004).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Sampson, R. The effects of foster care on children: A comparison of 18th century through modern day foster care practices. (California State University, Long Beach, 2010).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky, S. Distance Learning: RussiaIs Reaching Out. New York Times 4A28 (2001).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Chemical Biology
AbbreviationNat. Chem. Biol.
ISSN (print)1552-4450
ISSN (online)1552-4469
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology

Other styles