How to format your references using the Nature Chemical Biology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Chemical Biology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ackland, G. J. MATERIALS SCIENCE. Bearing down on hydrogen. Science 348, 1429–1430 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Mitchell, S. J. & Silver, R. A. Glutamate spillover suppresses inhibition by activating presynaptic mGluRs. Nature 404, 498–502 (2000).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Oganov, A. R., Brodholt, J. P. & Price, G. D. The elastic constants of MgSiO3 perovskite at pressures and temperatures of the Earth’s mantle. Nature 411, 934–937 (2001).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Liu, Z., Beaufils, D., Rossi, J.-C. & Pascal, R. Evolutionary importance of the intramolecular pathways of hydrolysis of phosphate ester mixed anhydrides with amino acids and peptides. Sci. Rep. 4, 7440 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Degner, R. & Leibl, S. pH messen. (Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, 2005).
An edited book
1.
Recent Developments in Computational Collective Intelligence. 513, (Springer International Publishing, 2014).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Bowman, C. C. Food Allergies. in Immunotoxicity, Immune Dysfunction, and Chronic Disease (eds. Dietert, R. R. & Luebke, R. W.) 127–149 (Humana Press, 2012).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Chemical Biology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew, E. Climate Change Threatens Range of Bald Eagles and Half of American Bird Species. IFLScience (2014). Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/climate-change-threatens-range-bald-eagles-and-half-american-bird-species/. (Accessed: 30th October 2018)

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Manned Undersea Science and Technology Needs Focus and Direction. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1977).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Grass, D. S. Assessing the impacts of air pollution and extreme weather on human health in the urban environment. (Columbia University, 2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Walsh, M. W. Detroit’s Plan to Profit on Its Water, by Selling to Its Neighbors, Looks Half Empty. New York Times A11 (2014).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Chemical Biology
AbbreviationNat. Chem. Biol.
ISSN (print)1552-4450
ISSN (online)1552-4469
ScopeCell Biology
Molecular Biology

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