How to format your references using the Food Hydrocolloids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Hydrocolloids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Young, E. D. (2007). Geochemistry. Strange water in the solar system. Science (New York, N.Y.), 317(5835), 211–212.
A journal article with 2 authors
Stegemann, S., & Bock, R. (2009). Exchange of genetic material between cells in plant tissue grafts. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5927), 649–651.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hubbell, J. A., Thomas, S. N., & Swartz, M. A. (2009). Materials engineering for immunomodulation. Nature, 462(7272), 449–460.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Deutman, A. B. C., Monnereau, C., Elemans, J. A. A. W., Ercolani, G., Nolte, R. J. M., & Rowan, A. E. (2008). Mechanism of threading a polymer through a macrocyclic ring. Science (New York, N.Y.), 322(5908), 1668–1671.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Barnett, J. E., & Johnson, W. B. (2015). Ethics Desk Reference for Counselors. American Counseling Association.
An edited book
Arcoumanis, C., & Kamimoto, T. (Eds.). (2009). Flow and Combustion in Reciprocating Engines. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Banerjee, A., & Sur, B. (2014). Primitive Channels: Concurrency Control. In B. Sur (Ed.), SystemC and SystemC-AMS in Practice: SystemC 2.3, 2.2 and SystemC-AMS 1.0 (pp. 13–24). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Hydrocolloids.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, October 15). Activity Patterns Of The Brain Are As Unique As Fingerprints. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1989). Head Start: Information on Sponsoring Organizations and Center Facilities (HRD-89-123FS). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Giuseffi, F. G. (2014). Investigation of the Influence of the Socratic Method on Leadership Skills among JROTC Cadet Leaders at a Military Boarding School [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Walsh, M. W. (2011, January 25). William Schreyer, 83, Merrill Chief, Dies. New York Times, A23.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Young, 2007).
This sentence cites two references (Stegemann & Bock, 2009; Young, 2007).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Stegemann & Bock, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Hubbell et al., 2009)
  • 6 or more authors: (Deutman et al., 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Hydrocolloids
AbbreviationFood Hydrocoll.
ISSN (print)0268-005X
ScopeFood Science
General Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry

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