How to format your references using the Food Hydrocolloids citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Food Hydrocolloids. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mervis, J. (2015). Behind the numbers. Salaries pump up biomedical inflation. Science (New York, N.Y.), 349(6245), 225.
A journal article with 2 authors
Takken, F. L. W., & Tameling, W. I. L. (2009). To nibble at plant resistance proteins. Science (New York, N.Y.), 324(5928), 744–746.
A journal article with 3 authors
Saá, P., Castilla, J., & Soto, C. (2006). Presymptomatic detection of prions in blood. Science (New York, N.Y.), 313(5783), 92–94.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Chen, H., Smith, G. J. D., Zhang, S. Y., Qin, K., Wang, J., Li, K. S., Webster, R. G., Peiris, J. S. M., & Guan, Y. (2005). Avian flu: H5N1 virus outbreak in migratory waterfowl. Nature, 436(7048), 191–192.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rossi, R. J. (2006). Theorems, Corollaries, Lemmas, and Methods of Proof. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Wachsmuth, I., & Knoblich, G. (Eds.). (2008). Modeling Communication with Robots and Virtual Humans: Second ZiF Research Group International Workshop on Embodied Communication in Humans and Machines, Bielefeld, Germany, April 5-8, 2006, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 4930). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Areces, C., & Orbe, E. (2013). Dealing with Symmetries in Modal Tableaux. In D. Galmiche & D. Larchey-Wendling (Eds.), Automated Reasoning with Analytic Tableaux and Related Methods: 22nd International Conference, TABLEAUX 2013, Nancy, France, September 16-19, 2013, Proceedings (pp. 13–27). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Food Hydrocolloids.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, November 9). Delving Deep Into Caves Can Teach Us About Climate Past And Present. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2015). Maritime Transportation: Implications of Using U.S. Liquefied-Natural-Gas Carriers for Exports (GAO-16-104). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Macy, P. (2017). Underachievement in Gifted Students: Understanding Perceptions of Educational Experiences, Attitudes Toward School, and Teacher Training [Doctoral dissertation]. Lindenwood University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M. S., & Haberman, M. (2017, September 14). Sessions, Shamed by President Over Inquiry, Was Set to Resign. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mervis, 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Mervis, 2015; Takken & Tameling, 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Takken & Tameling, 2009)
  • Three authors: (Saá et al., 2006)
  • 6 or more authors: (Chen et al., 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleFood Hydrocolloids
AbbreviationFood Hydrocoll.
ISSN (print)0268-005X
ScopeFood Science
General Chemical Engineering
General Chemistry

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