How to format your references using the Australian Critical Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Critical Care (AUCC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wadman Meredith. The quiet rise of the clinical contractor. Nature 2006;441(7089):22–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kulmala Markku, Petäjä Tuukka. Geochemistry. Soil nitrites influence atmospheric chemistry. Science 2011;333(6049):1586–7.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kim Hongtae, Chen Junjie, Yu Xiaochun. Ubiquitin-binding protein RAP80 mediates BRCA1-dependent DNA damage response. Science 2007;316(5828):1202–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Price A. S., Savchenko A. K., Narozhny B. N., Allison G., Ritchie D. A. Giant fluctuations of coulomb drag in a bilayer system. Science 2007;316(5821):99–102.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bishop Charles A. Roll-to-Roll Vacuum Deposition of Barrier Coatings. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
Zheng Xiaolian. Stock Market Modeling and Forecasting: A System Adaptation Approach. vol. 442. London: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Czarnecki Wojciech Marian, Jozefowicz Rafal, Tabor Jacek. Maximum Entropy Linear Manifold for Learning Discriminative Low-Dimensional Representation. In: Appice Annalisa, Rodrigues Pedro Pereira, Santos Costa Vítor, Soares Carlos, Gama João, Jorge Alípio, editors. Machine Learning and Knowledge Discovery in Databases: European Conference, ECML PKDD 2015, Porto, Portugal, September 7-11, 2015, Proceedings, Part I. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 52–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Critical Care.

Blog post
Hale Tom. Thousands Of Dying Fish Flood A Canal In New York. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018, 2016.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Automated Systems Security--Federal Agencies Should Strengthen Safeguards Over Personal and Other Sensitive Data. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Chavez Jacqueline A. Principal stress analysis of rock fracture data from the Long Beach oil field, Los Angeles basin, California. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA, 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon Mary. Honing Their Chances With Photos and Wit. New York Times 2014:D6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Critical Care
AbbreviationAust. Crit. Care
ISSN (print)1036-7314
ScopeCritical Care

Other styles