How to format your references using the Australian Critical Care citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Australian Critical Care (AUCC). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Grott Matthias. Planetary science. Is Mars geodynamically dead? Science 2008;320(5880):1171–2.
A journal article with 2 authors
Das Siddhartha, Kumar Aloke. Formation and post-formation dynamics of bacterial biofilm streamers as highly viscous liquid jets. Sci Rep 2014;4:7126.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turner Will R., Oppenheimer Michael, Wilcove David S. A force to fight global warming. Nature 2009;462(7271):278–9.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wakui Kentaro, Eto Yujiro, Benichi Hugo, Izumi Shuro, Yanagida Tetsufumi, Ema Kazuhiro, et al. Ultrabroadband direct detection of nonclassical photon statistics at telecom wavelength. Sci Rep 2014;4:4535.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baudin Pierre. Wireless Transceiver Architecture. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Nicholson Allen W., editor. Ribonucleases. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Pryl Karel, Svitak Zdenek. URBAN INFRASTRUCTURE MODELLING. In: Hlavinek Petr, Kukharchyk Tamara, Marsalek Jiri, Mahrikova Ivana, editors. Integrated Urban Water Resources Management. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 43–50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Australian Critical Care.

Blog post
Andrew Elise. Volcano May Be Erupting Off The Coast Of The USA. IFLScience. Available at Accessed October 30, 2018, 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Problems Associated With Developing Large, Complex Data Processing Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1979.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Powell Timothy J. Saxophone sonatas: 1980–2010. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, College Park, MD, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Gustines George Gene. TV’s Go-To Guy For Playing Truth or Dare. New York Times 2011:AR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleAustralian Critical Care
AbbreviationAust. Crit. Care
ISSN (print)1036-7314
ScopeCritical Care

Other styles