How to format your references using the Arab Journal of Gastroenterology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Arab Journal of Gastroenterology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hellemans A. Getting into good company. Nature 2002;416:5.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Keegstra K, Walton J. Plant science. Beta-glucans--brewer’s bane, dietician’s delight. Science 2006;311:1872–3.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Rougier GW, Apesteguía S, Gaetano LC. Highly specialized mammalian skulls from the Late Cretaceous of South America. Nature 2011;479:98–102.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Wang GG, Song J, Wang Z, Dormann HL, Casadio F, Li H, et al. Haematopoietic malignancies caused by dysregulation of a chromatin-binding PHD finger. Nature 2009;459:847–51.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Avdeef A. Absorption and Drug Development. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2012.
An edited book
[1]
Gavin DG. Late Pleistocene and Holocene Environmental Change on the Olympic Peninsula, Washington. vol. 222. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Farhan-Hassan H, Gulevich DR, Dmitriev PN, Koshelets VP, Kusmartsev FV. Flux-Flow Oscillator (FFO) Made with the Fluxon Cloning Circuits. In: Pereira MF, Shulika O, editors. Terahertz and Mid Infrared Radiation: Generation, Detection and Applications, Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2011, p. 29–41.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Arab Journal of Gastroenterology.

Blog post
[1]
Carpineti A. General Relativity Still Valid 13 Billion Light-Years From Earth. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/space/general-relativity-still-valid-13-billion-light-years-earth/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Career and Technical Education: Surveys to State Directors of Career and Technical Education (GAO-09-737SP, July 2009), an E-supplement to GAO-09-683. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Tan C. Conceptualizing Psychological History: Edgar Allan Poe and the Themes of the Normal and the Pathological, Life and Death. Doctoral dissertation. Southern Illinois University, 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Haigney S. A Stolen de Kooning Emerges Decades Later. New York Times 2017:C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleArab Journal of Gastroenterology
AbbreviationArab J. Gastroenterol.
ISSN (print)1687-1979
ScopeGastroenterology

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