How to format your references using the Nature Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Nielsen, R. Evolution. Why sex? Science 311, 960–961 (2006).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Stoltz, D. B. & Whitfield, J. B. Virology. Making nice with viruses. Science 323, 884–885 (2009).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Schibler, U., Ripperger, J. A. & Brown, S. A. Circadian rhythms. Chronobiology--reducing time. Science 293, 437–438 (2001).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Berkovitch, F., Nicolet, Y., Wan, J. T., Jarrett, J. T. & Drennan, C. L. Crystal structure of biotin synthase, an S-adenosylmethionine-dependent radical enzyme. Science 303, 76–79 (2004).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Szeman, I. & O’Brien, S. Popular Culture. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2017).
An edited book
1.
Au, W. W. L. Principles of Marine Bioacoustics. (Springer US, 2008).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Brandão, S. et al. The Impairment of Female Pelvic Ligaments and Its Relation With Pelvic Floor Dysfunction: Biomechanical Analysis. in Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences: Methods and Applications: ICCEBS 2013 -- International Conference on Computational and Experimental Biomedical Sciences (eds. Tavares, J. M. R. S. & Natal Jorge, R. M.) 63–73 (Springer International Publishing, 2015).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Biotechnology.

Blog post
1.
Andrews, R. Here’s How To Find Out What Google Knows About You. IFLScience (2016).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Disposable Glassware for Laboratory Work. (U.S. Government Printing Office, 1970).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Griffin, J. C. Animal and soul: Animals in Native American mythologies and the individuation process. (Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
ADAM LIPTAK; Janet Roberts contributed reporting for this series. Research was contributed by Jack Styczynski et al. Serving Life, With No Chance of Redemption. New York Times A1 (2005).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Biotechnology
AbbreviationNat. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1087-0156
ISSN (online)1546-1696
ScopeBiotechnology
Molecular Medicine
Bioengineering
Biomedical Engineering
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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