How to format your references using the Nature Biotechnology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nature Biotechnology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Miyamoto, K. Structural model of ubiquitin transfer onto an artificial RING finger as an E3 ligase. Sci. Rep. 4, 6574 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Samuel, I. D. & Beeby, A. Display technology. Sidestepping the selection rules. Nature 403, 710–711 (2000).
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Montrose, K., Yang, Y. & Krissansen, G. W. The tetrapeptide core of the carrier peptide Xentry is cell-penetrating: novel activatable forms of Xentry. Sci. Rep. 4, 4900 (2014).
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Mizutani, R. et al. Spatiotemporal development of soaked protein crystal. Sci. Rep. 4, 5731 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Pohanish, R. P. & Greene, S. A. Wiley Guide to Chemical Incompatibilities. (John Wiley & Sons, Inc., 2005).
An edited book
1.
Posta, P. D. Effetti, potenzialità e limiti della globalizzazione: Una visione multidisciplinare. (Springer, 2007).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Siddique, R. & Iqbal Khan, M. Metakaolin. in Supplementary Cementing Materials (ed. Khan, M. I.) 175–230 (Springer, 2011).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nature Biotechnology.

Blog post
1.
Hale, T. Baby Giant Squid Caught In Japan. IFLScience https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/fishermen-have-found-first-baby-giant-squids-ever/ (2015).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Competitiveness: The Challenge of the Deficit. (1990).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Vatankhah, I. Purification of Industrial Grade Urea for diesel exhaust pollution reduction. (California State University, Long Beach, 2017).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
de la MERCED, M. J. Walmart to Acquire Bonobos for $310 Million. New York Times B4 (2017).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleNature Biotechnology
AbbreviationNat. Biotechnol.
ISSN (print)1087-0156
ISSN (online)1546-1696
ScopeBiotechnology
Molecular Medicine
Bioengineering
Biomedical Engineering
Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Other styles