How to format your references using the Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Shubik M. RETROSPECTIVE. John Forbes Nash Jr. (1928-2015). Science. 2015;348:1324.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Davis MB, Shaw RG. Range shifts and adaptive responses to Quaternary climate change. Science. 2001;292:673–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Liu Z, Neff RA, Berg DK. Sequential interplay of nicotinic and GABAergic signaling guides neuronal development. Science. 2006;314:1610–3.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Pavesi L, Dal Negro L, Mazzoleni C, Franzò G, Priolo F. Optical gain in silicon nanocrystals. Nature. 2000;408:440–4.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Gray DF, Malone SW. Macrofinancial Risk Analysis. Chichester, West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2008.
An edited book
1. Rajeshwar K, McConnell R, Licht S, editors. Solar Hydrogen Generation: Toward a Renewable Energy Future. New York, NY: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Feng X, Lau FCM, Gao D. Cache Allocation in CDN: An Evolutionary Game Generalized Particle Model. In: Zhou J, editor. Complex Sciences: First International Conference, Complex 2009, Shanghai, China, February 23-25, 2009, Revised Papers, Part 2. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2009. p. 1226–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Chemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture.

Blog post
1. O`Callaghan J. Watch This Amazing Self-Healing Material That Could Instantly Repair Damaged Spacecraft [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Social Security Administration: Additional Actions Needed in Ongoing Efforts to Improve 800-Number Service. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005 Aug. Report No.: GAO-05-735.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Alzaaq AY. Arabic adaptation of loanwords: An empirical examination of pharyngealization and vowel epenthesis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Eligon J, Kovaleski SF, Coscarelli J. Pain and Pills, and Help Too Late to Save Prince. New York Times. 2016 May 4;A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleChemical and Biological Technologies in Agriculture
AbbreviationChem. Biol. Technol. Agric.
ISSN (online)2196-5641

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