How to format your references using the Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fukatsu, T. (2010). Evolution. A fungal past to insect color. Science (New York, N.Y.), 328(5978), 574–575.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ranen, M. C., & Jacobsen, S. B. (2006). Barium isotopes in chondritic meteorites: implications for planetary reservoir models. Science (New York, N.Y.), 314(5800), 809–812.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhao, Y., Samal, E., & Srivastava, D. (2005). Serum response factor regulates a muscle-specific microRNA that targets Hand2 during cardiogenesis. Nature, 436(7048), 214–220.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Jackson, G. S., Beck, J. A., Navarrete, C., Brown, J., Sutton, P. M., Contreras, M., & Collinge, J. (2001). HLA-DQ7 antigen and resistance to variant CJD. Nature, 414(6861), 269–270.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schwedt, G. (2013). Experimente rund um die Kunststoffe des Alltags. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Brinkworth, J. F., & Pechenkina, K. (Eds.). (2013). Primates, Pathogens, and Evolution. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ding, J., & Schmidt, D. (2013). Solving Degree and Degree of Regularity for Polynomial Systems over a Finite Fields. In M. Fischlin & S. Katzenbeisser (Eds.), Number Theory and Cryptography: Papers in Honor of Johannes Buchmann on the Occasion of His 60th Birthday (pp. 34–49). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts.

Blog post
Hamilton, K. (2017, January 30). America’s Nobel Success Is The Story Of Immigrants. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2011). Reimbursable Space Act Agreements: NASA Generally Adhering to Fair Reimbursement Controls, but Guidance on Waived Cost Justifications Needs Refinement (GAO-11-553R). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parkinson, M. M. (2011). Adult readers’ calibration of word learning [Doctoral dissertation]. University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hubbard, B., & Schmitt, E. (2017, July 8). State Crumbling, ISIS Is Reclaiming Insurgent Roots. New York Times, A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fukatsu, 2010).
This sentence cites two references (Fukatsu, 2010; Ranen & Jacobsen, 2006).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ranen & Jacobsen, 2006)
  • Three authors: (Zhao et al., 2005)
  • 6 or more authors: (Jackson et al., 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts
AbbreviationPsychol. Aesthet. Creat. Arts
ISSN (print)1931-3896
ISSN (online)1931-390X
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Applied Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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