How to format your references using the Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Walt, D. R. (2005). Chemistry. Miniature analytical methods for medical diagnostics. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5719), 217–219.
A journal article with 2 authors
Nisbet, M. C., & Mooney, C. (2007). Science and society. Framing Science. Science (New York, N.Y.), 316(5821), 56.
A journal article with 3 authors
Cross, C. P., Cyrenne, D.-L. M., & Brown, G. R. (2013). Sex differences in sensation-seeking: a meta-analysis. Scientific Reports, 3, 2486.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Xu, L., Wei, Y., Reboul, J., Vaglio, P., Shin, T.-H., Vidal, M., Elledge, S. J., & Harper, J. W. (2003). BTB proteins are substrate-specific adaptors in an SCF-like modular ubiquitin ligase containing CUL-3. Nature, 425(6955), 316–321.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Youssef, H. A. (2015). Machining of Stainless Steels and Super Alloys. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Hove, L. M., Lindau, T., & Hølmer, P. (Eds.). (2014). Distal Radius Fractures: Current Concepts. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Capello, R., Fratesi, U., & Resmini, L. (2011). Spatial Patterns of Globalization Trends. In U. Fratesi & L. Resmini (Eds.), Globalization and Regional Growth in Europe: Past Trends and Future Scenarios (pp. 87–142). Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016, May 24). What Happens If You Add Molten Aluminum To Dry Ice and Liquid Nitrogen? IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1986). Evaluating the Acquisition and Operation of Information Systems (No. 130485). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schaff, S. (2013). What characterizes and impacts student transformational learning in a community college work placement context [Doctoral dissertation]. Pepperdine University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Grynbaum, M. M., & Sisario, B. (2017, March 16). Radio and Television; Public Broadcasters Fear a ‘Collapse.’ New York Times, A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Walt, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Nisbet & Mooney, 2007; Walt, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Nisbet & Mooney, 2007)
  • Three authors: (Cross et al., 2013)
  • 6 or more authors: (Xu et al., 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts
AbbreviationPsychol. Aesthet. Creat. Arts
ISSN (print)1931-3896
ISSN (online)1931-390X
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Applied Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

Other styles