# How to format your references using the Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Jaenicke, R. (2005). Abundance of cellular material and proteins in the atmosphere. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5718), 73.
A journal article with 2 authors
Crone, T. J., & Tolstoy, M. (2010). Magnitude of the 2010 Gulf of Mexico oil leak. Science (New York, N.Y.), 330(6004), 634.
A journal article with 3 authors
Elia, A. E. H., Cantley, L. C., & Yaffe, M. B. (2003). Proteomic screen finds pSer/pThr-binding domain localizing Plk1 to mitotic substrates. Science (New York, N.Y.), 299(5610), 1228–1231.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Lee, C. H., Kim, J.-H., Zou, C., Cho, I. S., Weisse, J. M., Nemeth, W., Wang, Q., van Duin, A. C. T., Kim, T.-S., & Zheng, X. (2013). Peel-and-stick: mechanism study for efficient fabrication of flexible/transparent thin-film electronics. Scientific Reports, 3, 2917.

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Xiu, L. (2012). Nanometer Frequency Synthesis Beyond the Phase-Locked Loop. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Nesi, P., & Santucci, R. (Eds.). (2013). Information Technologies for Performing Arts, Media Access, and Entertainment: Second International Conference, ECLAP 2013, Porto, Portugal, April 8-10, 2013, Revised Selected Papers (Vol. 7990). Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Padula, F., & Visioli, A. (2015). $$\fancyscript{H}_\infty$$ H ∞ Control of Fractional Systems. In A. Visioli (Ed.), Advances in Robust Fractional Control (pp. 93–108). Springer International Publishing.

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2014, May 30). Researchers Find Association Between Porn Viewing And Less Grey Matter In The Brain. IFLScience; IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/researchers-find-association-between-porn-viewing-and-less-grey-matter-brain/

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2000). Tax Systems Modernization: Results of Review of IRS’ March 7, 2000, Expenditure Plan (AIMD-00-175). U.S. Government Printing Office.

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joshi, R. A. (2010). Adaptive nulling in multiple beam antennas using quantized state adaptive algorithms [Doctoral dissertation]. California State University, Long Beach.

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Murphy, M. J. O. (2015, January 23). Friday File. New York Times, C34.

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Jaenicke, 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Crone & Tolstoy, 2010; Jaenicke, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

• Two authors: (Crone & Tolstoy, 2010)
• Three authors: (Elia et al., 2003)
• 6 or more authors: (Lee et al., 2013)