How to format your references using the Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kibble, T. (2014). Gerald Guralnik (1936-2014). Nature, 510(7503), 36.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mashburn, L. M., & Whiteley, M. (2005). Membrane vesicles traffic signals and facilitate group activities in a prokaryote. Nature, 437(7057), 422–425.
A journal article with 3 authors
Tylianakis, J. M., Tscharntke, T., & Lewis, O. T. (2007). Habitat modification alters the structure of tropical host-parasitoid food webs. Nature, 445(7124), 202–205.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Sporea, R. A., Trainor, M. J., Young, N. D., Shannon, J. M., & Silva, S. R. P. (2014). Source-gated transistors for order-of-magnitude performance improvements in thin-film digital circuits. Scientific Reports, 4, 4295.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Rushton, A. (2011). VHDL for Logic Synthesis. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
Fairchild, P. J. (Ed.). (2013). The Immunological Barriers to Regenerative Medicine. Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Ferris, J. S., Winer, S. L., & Grofman, B. (2016). The Duverger-Demsetz Perspective on Electoral Competitiveness and Fragmentation: With Application to the Canadian Parliamentary System, 1867–2011. In M. Gallego & N. Schofield (Eds.), The Political Economy of Social Choices (pp. 93–122). Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2017, January 24). This Wind-Powered Ball Is The Godfather Of New Anti-Landmine Tech. IFLScience; IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1980). Comments on H.R. 7689 (B-200171). U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Murdock, J. M. (2017). Lethe and the Twin Bodhisattvas of Forgiveness and Forgetfulness [Doctoral dissertation]. Pacifica Graduate Institute.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard, M. (2010, August 12). Scouting Report. New York Times, E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Kibble, 2014).
This sentence cites two references (Kibble, 2014; Mashburn & Whiteley, 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Mashburn & Whiteley, 2005)
  • Three authors: (Tylianakis et al., 2007)
  • 6 or more authors: (Sporea et al., 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titlePsychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts
AbbreviationPsychol. Aesthet. Creat. Arts
ISSN (print)1931-3896
ISSN (online)1931-390X
ScopeVisual Arts and Performing Arts
Applied Psychology
Developmental and Educational Psychology

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