How to format your references using the Journal of Cryptographic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cryptographic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Widera, A.: Physics. The advantages of extra entanglement. Science. 344, 160–161 (2014)
A journal article with 2 authors
Sime, L.C., Wolff, E.W.: Antarctic accumulation seasonality. Nature. 479, E1-2; author reply E2-4 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Schwartz, J.H., Tattersall, I., Chi, Z.: Comment on “A complete skull from Dmanisi, Georgia, and the evolutionary biology of early Homo.” Science. 344, 360 (2014)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Opremcak, A., Pechenezhskiy, I.V., Howington, C., Christensen, B.G., Beck, M.A., Leonard, E., Jr, Suttle, J., Wilen, C., Nesterov, K.N., Ribeill, G.J., Thorbeck, T., Schlenker, F., Vavilov, M.G., Plourde, B.L.T., McDermott, R.: Measurement of a superconducting qubit with a microwave photon counter. Science. 361, 1239–1242 (2018)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Miller, M.A.: Internet Technologies Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Khaitan, S.K., Gupta, A. eds: High Performance Computing in Power and Energy Systems. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Torrent-Fontbona, F., Pla, A., López, B.: Using Multi-attribute Combinatorial Auctions for Resource Allocation. In: Müller, J.P., Weyrich, M., and Bazzan, A.L.C. (eds.) Multiagent System Technologies: 12th German Conference, MATES 2014, Stuttgart, Germany, September 23-25, 2014. Proceedings. pp. 57–71. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2014)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cryptographic Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Musical Training Can Accelerate Brain Development And Help With Literacy Skills,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Survey of Public Affairs Activities by the Department of Agriculture and the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1976)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Himschoot, A.R.: Student perception of relevance of biology content to everyday life: A study in higher education biology courses, (2012)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S.: Where Art Is in the Air, and in the Ground, (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cryptographic Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Cryptogr. Eng.
ISSN (print)2190-8508
ISSN (online)2190-8516
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications

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