How to format your references using the Journal of Cryptographic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cryptographic Engineering (J Cryptogr Eng). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
King, D.A.: The scientific impact of nations. Nature. 430, 311–316 (2004)
A journal article with 2 authors
Taleff, E.M., Pedrazas, N.A.: Materials science. A new route for growing large grains in metals. Science. 341, 1461–1462 (2013)
A journal article with 3 authors
Humphries, M.M., Thomas, D.W., Speakman, J.R.: Climate-mediated energetic constraints on the distribution of hibernating mammals. Nature. 418, 313–316 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhang, Y.-Y., Fu, Z.-Y., Wei, J., Qi, W., Baituola, G., Luo, J., Meng, Y.-J., Guo, S.-Y., Yin, H., Jiang, S.-Y., Li, Y.-F., Miao, H.-H., Liu, Y., Wang, Y., Li, B.-L., Ma, Y.-T., Song, B.-L.: A LIMA1 variant promotes low plasma LDL cholesterol and decreases intestinal cholesterol absorption. Science. 360, 1087–1092 (2018)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Dewe, P.J., O’Driscoll, M.P., Cooper, C.L.: Coping with Work Stress. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2010)
An edited book
Šamaj, J. ed: Endocytosis in Plants. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Klein, J., Klein, N.: The Third Decade: The Vow. In: Klein, N. (ed.) Solitude of a Humble Genius - Gregor Johann Mendel: Volume 1: Formative Years. pp. 191–266. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cryptographic Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Astronomers Spot Incredibly Rare Quasar Quartet,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Chemical Assessments: Low Productivity and New Interagency Review Process Limit the Usefulness and Credibility of EPA’s Integrated Risk Information System. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2008)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shaker, M.: Design of Front End Circuits for a Low Power Ultra Wide Band Receiver, (2015)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Dynarski, S.: Make Everyone Take the SAT or ACT. And Make It Free, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cryptographic Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Cryptogr. Eng.
ISSN (print)2190-8508
ISSN (online)2190-8516
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications

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