How to format your references using the Journal of Cryptographic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cryptographic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Schenk, P.M.: Thickness constraints on the icy shells of the galilean satellites from a comparison of crater shapes. Nature. 417, 419–421 (2002)
A journal article with 2 authors
Robbins, D.W., Hartwig, J.F.: A simple, multidimensional approach to high-throughput discovery of catalytic reactions. Science. 333, 1423–1427 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Naumov, I.I., Bellaiche, L., Fu, H.: Unusual phase transitions in ferroelectric nanodisks and nanorods. Nature. 432, 737–740 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Más, P., Kim, W.-Y., Somers, D.E., Kay, S.A.: Targeted degradation of TOC1 by ZTL modulates circadian function in Arabidopsis thaliana. Nature. 426, 567–570 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kario, K.: Essential Manual of 24 Hour Blood Pressure Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2015)
An edited book
Naber, D.: Current Schizophrenia. Springer Healthcare UK, Heidelberg (2012)
A chapter in an edited book
Komorowski, T., Landim, C., Olla, S.: Bounds and Variational Principles for the Asymptotic Variance. In: Landim, C. and Olla, S. (eds.) Fluctuations in Markov Processes: Time Symmetry and Martingale Approximation. pp. 137–151. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cryptographic Engineering.

Blog post


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Aviation Services: Automation and Consolidation of Flight Service Stations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1988)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ciolek, R.: A Mixed Method Study on the Missouri Beginning Teachers Assistance Program and Teacher Retention in Saint Louis School Districts, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams, J.: A Nazi Script Comes to Light, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cryptographic Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Cryptogr. Eng.
ISSN (print)2190-8508
ISSN (online)2190-8516
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications

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