How to format your references using the Journal of Cryptographic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cryptographic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bascompte, J.: Ecology. Structure and dynamics of ecological networks. Science. 329, 765–766 (2010)
A journal article with 2 authors
Yang, M., Liu, W.-M.: The d-p band-inversion topological insulator in bismuth-based skutterudites. Sci. Rep. 4, 5131 (2014)
A journal article with 3 authors
Bania, T.M., Rood, R.T., Balser, D.S.: The cosmological density of baryons from observations of 3He+ in the Milky Way. Nature. 415, 54–57 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wu, J., Zou, R., Wang, Q., Xue, Y., Wei, P., Yang, S., Wu, J., Tian, H.: A peptide probe for the detection of neurokinin-1 receptor by disaggregation enhanced fluorescence and magnetic resonance signals. Sci. Rep. 4, 6487 (2014)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pai MD FACC FRCP Edin, R.G., Varadarajan MD FACC, P.: Echocardiography Board Review. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2014)
An edited book
Zuccarello, M., Clark, J.F., Pyne-Geithman, G., Andaluz, N., Hartings, J.A., Adeoye, O.M. eds: Cerebral Vasospasm: Neurovascular Events After Subarachnoid Hemorrhage. Springer, Vienna (2013)
A chapter in an edited book
Berghammer, R., Struth, G.: On Automated Program Construction and Verification. In: Bolduc, C., Desharnais, J., and Ktari, B. (eds.) Mathematics of Program Construction: 10th International Conference, MPC 2010, Québec City, Canada, June 21-23, 2010. Proceedings. pp. 22–41. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cryptographic Engineering.

Blog post
Luntz, S.: Huge Storms Spotted On Uranus,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: B-2 Bomber: Comparison of Operational Capabilities and Support Costs for 15 Versus 20 Aircraft. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1993)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nonu, M.E.: Eagle Lake Climate Change during the Holocene and during the Last 100 Years, (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg, B.: Strange Weather, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cryptographic Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Cryptogr. Eng.
ISSN (print)2190-8508
ISSN (online)2190-8516
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications

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