How to format your references using the Journal of Cryptographic Engineering citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Cryptographic Engineering. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Buckingham, S.: Seeing is believing. Nature. 425, 211 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Dell’Anno, A., Danovaro, R.: Extracellular DNA plays a key role in deep-sea ecosystem functioning. Science. 309, 2179 (2005)
A journal article with 3 authors
Phelps, J., Webb, E.L., Agrawal, A.: Land use. Does REDD+ threaten to recentralize forest governance? Science. 328, 312–313 (2010)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Cho, H.-S., Mason, K., Ramyar, K.X., Stanley, A.M., Gabelli, S.B., Denney, D.W., Jr, Leahy, D.J.: Structure of the extracellular region of HER2 alone and in complex with the Herceptin Fab. Nature. 421, 756–760 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee, J.Y.B.: Scalable Continuous Media Streaming Systems. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK (2005)
An edited book
Zseby, T., Savola, R., Pistore, M. eds: Future Internet - FIS 2009: Second Future Internet Symposium, FIS 2009, Berlin, Germany, September 1-3, 2009. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2010)
A chapter in an edited book
Recher, M., Lang, K.S.: Innate (Over)immunity and Adaptive Autoimmune Disease. In: Radbruch, A. and Lipsky, P.E. (eds.) Current Concepts in Autoimmunity and Chronic Inflammation. pp. 89–104. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Cryptographic Engineering.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Trial Shows Cough Medicine Ingredient Could Help Treat Diabetes,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Rail Safety: Preliminary Observations on Federal Rail Safety Oversight and Positive Train Control Implementation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2013)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joubert, B.R.: Human genetic susceptibility to mother to child transmission of HIV: A study of mother-infant pairs in Malawi, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly, M.: A Life of Advantage, Enhanced by the Will to Excel, (1992)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Cryptographic Engineering
AbbreviationJ. Cryptogr. Eng.
ISSN (print)2190-8508
ISSN (online)2190-8516
ScopeComputer Networks and Communications

Other styles