How to format your references using the Natural Product Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Product Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wentrup C. 2001. Chemistry. Fleeting molecules extend their stay. Science. 292:1846–1847.
A journal article with 2 authors
Haq BU, Schutter SR. 2008. A chronology of Paleozoic sea-level changes. Science. 322:64–68.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turner S, Evans P, Hawkesworth C. 2001. Ultrafast source-to-surface movement of melt at island arcs from 226Ra-230Th systematics. Science. 292:1363–1366.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Chen X, Ma R, Zhou H, Zhou X, Che L, Yao S, Wang Z. 2013. Activating the microscale edge effect in a hierarchical surface for frosting suppression and defrosting promotion. Sci Rep. 3:2515.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maier H. 2015. Chemiker im „Dritten Reich“. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Jackson TL, editor. 2012. Modeling Tumor Vasculature: Molecular, Cellular, and Tissue Level Aspects and Implications. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Leong S, Call J, Adjei AA, Messersmith W. 2011. Phase I Clinical Trials with Anticancer Agents. In: Garrett-Mayer E, editor. Principles of Anticancer Drug Development. New York, NY: Springer; p. 117–139.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Product Research.

Blog post
Fang J. 2016. Parasitic Mites Pick The Most Nutritious Honeybees. IFLScience [Internet]. [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1990. Government Civilian Aircraft: Use of Government Aircraft by the Attorney General and FBI Director. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Martinez JC. 2015. Theoretically tested remediation in response to insect resistance to Bt corn and Bt cotton: A new paradigm [Doctoral dissertation]. Mississippi State, MS: Mississippi State University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rojas R, Walsh MW. 2017. Hartford, With Finances in Disarray, Veers Toward Bankruptcy. New York Times.:A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Wentrup 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Wentrup 2001; Haq & Schutter 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Haq & Schutter 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Chen et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Product Research
ISSN (print)1478-6419
ISSN (online)1478-6427
ScopePlant Science
Analytical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry

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