How to format your references using the Natural Product Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Product Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bengtsson L. 2001. Weather. Hurricane threats. Science. 293(5529):440–441.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hudson ZM, Manners I. 2014. Chemistry. Assembly and disassembly of ferrocene-based nanotubes. Science. 344(6183):482–483.
A journal article with 3 authors
Neutel A-M, Heesterbeek JAP, De Ruiter PC. 2002. Stability in real food webs: weak links in long loops. Science. 296(5570):1120–1123.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Alghamedi R, Vasiliev M, Nur-E-Alam M, Alameh K. 2014. Spectrally-selective all-inorganic scattering luminophores for solar energy-harvesting clear glass windows. Sci Rep. 4:6632.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bai Q, Bai Y, Ruan W. 2017. Advances in Pipes and Pipelines. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Triantaphyllou E, Felici G, editors. 2006. Data Mining and Knowledge Discovery Approaches Based on Rule Induction Techniques. Boston, MA: Springer US.
A chapter in an edited book
Muraoka M, Tohmyoh H. 2011. Evaluation of Mechanical Properties. In: Saka M, editor. Metallic Micro and Nano Materials: Fabrication with Atomic Diffusion. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 93–141.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Product Research.

Blog post
Davis J. 2016. Cold War Spy Satellites Used To Track Himalayan Glacier Retreat. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1991. Digests of Decisions of the Comptroller General of the United States, Vol. II, No. 4. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Clark M. 2011. How Charter School Teachers Act on Perceived Autonomy: A Qualitative Study of Curricular Decisions [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Novick SM. 2015. Feast of Championships. New York Times.:LI10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Bengtsson 2001).
This sentence cites two references (Bengtsson 2001; Hudson and Manners 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hudson and Manners 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Alghamedi et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Product Research
ISSN (print)1478-6419
ISSN (online)1478-6427
ScopePlant Science
Analytical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry

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