How to format your references using the Natural Product Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Product Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Lavé J. 2015. Earth science: Landscape inversion by stream piracy. Nature. 520(7548):442–444.
A journal article with 2 authors
Jan Y-N, Jan L. 2008. Retrospective: Seymour Benzer (1921-2007). Science. 319(5859):45.
A journal article with 3 authors
Külheim C, Agren J, Jansson S. 2002. Rapid regulation of light harvesting and plant fitness in the field. Science. 297(5578):91–93.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Zhang Y, Tan Y-W, Stormer HL, Kim P. 2005. Experimental observation of the quantum Hall effect and Berry’s phase in graphene. Nature. 438(7065):201–204.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Marage J-P, Mori Y. 2013. Sonar and Underwater Acoustics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Boavida F, Monteiro E, Mascolo S, Koucheryavy Y, editors. 2007. Wired/Wireless Internet Communications: 5th International Conference, WWIC 2007, Coimbra, Portugal, May 23-25, 2007. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Tronti L. 2007. The July Protocol and Economic Growth: The Chance Missed. In: Acocella N, Leoni R, editors. Social Pacts, Employment and Growth: A Reappraisal of Ezio Tarantelli’s Thought. Heidelberg: Physica-Verlag HD; p. 69–95.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Product Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2014. The Bronx Zoo Has Two New Gorillas! IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1977. Examination of Possible “Buy-In” by Garrett AiResearch. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spratley AM. 2010. Connecting Law and Creativity: The Role of Lawyers in Supporting Creative and Innovative Economic Development [Doctoral dissertation]. Washington, DC: George Washington University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. 2016. The Mets Blow a Lead, but a Hunch Pays Off. New York Times.:B13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Lavé 2015).
This sentence cites two references (Jan and Jan 2008; Lavé 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Jan and Jan 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Zhang et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Product Research
ISSN (print)1478-6419
ISSN (online)1478-6427
ScopePlant Science
Analytical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry

Other styles