How to format your references using the Natural Product Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Product Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Snieder R. 2000. The tube worm turns. Nature. 406(6799):939.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fehr E, Fischbacher U. 2003. The nature of human altruism. Nature. 425(6960):785–791.
A journal article with 3 authors
Medzhitov R, Schneider DS, Soares MP. 2012. Disease tolerance as a defense strategy. Science. 335(6071):936–941.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Bryant Z, Stone MD, Gore J, Smith SB, Cozzarelli NR, Bustamante C. 2003. Structural transitions and elasticity from torque measurements on DNA. Nature. 424(6946):338–341.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kompare D. 2010. CSI. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Seeling P. 2007. Video Traces for Network Performance Evaluation: A Comprehensive Overview and Guide on Video Traces and Their Utilization in Networking Research. Fitzek FHP, Reisslein M, editors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Dinotta F, De Pasquale R, Micali G. 2011. La visita dermatologica. In: Innocenzi D, Fabbrocini G, Monfrecola G, Tosti A, Veraldi S, editors. Le basi della dermatologia: Anatomia · Fisiologia · Lesioni elementari · Indagini diagnostiche · Correlazioni clinico-patologiche · Note di terapia. Milano: Springer; p. 75–81.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Product Research.

Blog post
Andrew E. 2015. Take An Interactive Tour Of The International Space Station. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1979. Review of the Administration of Research and Demonstration Grants by the Rehabilitation Services Administration. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Huang Y. 2017. Optimal control of heat engines in non-equilibrium statistical mechanics [Doctoral dissertation]. College Park, MD: University of Maryland, College Park.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. 2013. Wanted: Snow. Cold. New York Times.:B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Snieder 2000).
This sentence cites two references (Snieder 2000; Fehr & Fischbacher 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Fehr & Fischbacher 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Bryant et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Product Research
ISSN (print)1478-6419
ISSN (online)1478-6427
ScopePlant Science
Analytical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry

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