How to format your references using the Natural Product Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Natural Product Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Honjo T. 2005. Science and government. In search of the best grant system. Science. 309(5739):1329.
A journal article with 2 authors
Burns NZ, Jacobsen EN. 2012. Organic chemistry: catalysis in tight spaces. Nature. 483(7389):278–279.
A journal article with 3 authors
Altabet MA, Higginson MJ, Murray DW. 2002. The effect of millennial-scale changes in Arabian Sea denitrification on atmospheric CO2. Nature. 415(6868):159–162.
A journal article with 12 or more authors
Rambukkana A, Zanazzi G, Tapinos N, Salzer JL. 2002. Contact-dependent demyelination by Mycobacterium leprae in the absence of immune cells. Science. 296(5569):927–931.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bourlès H. 2013. Linear Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
ElMaraghy HA, editor. 2012. Enabling Manufacturing Competitiveness and Economic Sustainability: Proceedings of the 4th International Conference on Changeable, Agile, Reconfigurable and Virtual production (CARV2011), Montreal, Canada, 2-5 October 2011. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Nagamachi M. 2006. Kansei Engineering and Rough Sets Model. In: Greco S, Hata Y, Hirano S, Inuiguchi M, Miyamoto S, Nguyen HS, Słowiński R, editors. Rough Sets and Current Trends in Computing: 5th International Conference, RSCTC 2006 Kobe, Japan, November 6-8, 2006 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; p. 27–37.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Natural Product Research.

Blog post
Evans K. 2017. “Intellectual Humility” Is Surprisingly Bipartisan. IFLScience [Internet]. [accessed 2018 Oct 30].


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. 1999. Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Time Issues Affecting the Global Positioning System. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Morrow ST. 2012. Coboundary theorems for collections of random variables with moment conditions [Doctoral dissertation]. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Billard M. 2010. Home Is a Place to Hang His Hats. New York Times.:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Honjo 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Honjo 2005; Burns and Jacobsen 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Burns and Jacobsen 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Rambukkana et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleNatural Product Research
ISSN (print)1478-6419
ISSN (online)1478-6427
ScopePlant Science
Analytical Chemistry
Organic Chemistry

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