How to format your references using the Journal of Medical Microbiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Medical Microbiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Grangier P. Physics. Make it quantum and continuous. Science 2011;332:313–314.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Showalter MR, Hamilton DP. Resonant interactions and chaotic rotation of Pluto’s small moons. Nature 2015;522:45–49.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bryk R, Griffin P, Nathan C. Peroxynitrite reductase activity of bacterial peroxiredoxins. Nature 2000;407:211–215.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
1.
Shao Y, Zhang L, Hao X, Wu Y, Dai Y, et al. Large area stress distribution in crystalline materials calculated from lattice deformation identified by electron backscatter diffraction. Sci Rep 2014;4:5934.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Early WF II. Contractor and Client Relations to Assure Process Safety. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Bojňanský V. ATLAS OF SEEDS AND FRUITS OF CENTRAL AND EAST-EUROPEAN FLORA: The Carpathian Mountains Region. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Dorfs D, Eychmüller A. Multishell semiconductor nanocrystals. In: Rogach AL (editor). Semiconductor Nanocrystal Quantum Dots: Synthesis, Assembly, Spectroscopy and Applications. Vienna: Springer; 2008. pp. 101–117.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Medical Microbiology.

Blog post
1.
Hale T. This Area’s Inhabitants Speak More Languages Than Anywhere Else On Earth. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Alternative to Project Seafarer. LCD-77-360; Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 7 October 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Castaneda Martinez NE. Implementation of the Parent Partner Project to improve reunification rates in Sonoma County: A grant proposal. Doctoral Dissertation; California State University, Long Beach; 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
(nyt) SK. World Briefing | Europe: Russia: Another Step Toward Private Farmland. New York Times, 27 June 2002, p. A10.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Medical Microbiology
AbbreviationJ. Med. Microbiol.
ISSN (print)0022-2615
ISSN (online)1473-5644
ScopeMicrobiology
General Medicine
Microbiology (medical)

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