How to format your references using the Applied Petrochemical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Petrochemical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
van de Walle A (2014) Melting Mechanisms. Simulations provide a rare look at real melting. Science 346:704–705
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Lee J-H, Paull TT (2005) ATM activation by DNA double-strand breaks through the Mre11-Rad50-Nbs1 complex. Science 308:551–554
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Mayr G, Pohl B, Peters DS (2005) A well-preserved Archaeopteryx specimen with theropod features. Science 310:1483–1486
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Maladen RD, Ding Y, Li C, Goldman DI (2009) Undulatory swimming in sand: subsurface locomotion of the sandfish lizard. Science 325:314–318

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
MacClancy J (2013) Anthropology in the Public Arena. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Chichester, UK
An edited book
1.
Yoshida H, Cai W (2011) Virtual Colonoscopy and Abdominal Imaging. Computational Challenges and Clinical Opportunities: Second International Workshop, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2010, Beijing, China, September 20, 2010, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lee J, Park G-L (2014) Distance-Based Heuristic in Selecting a DC Charging Station for Electric Vehicles. In: Murty MN, He X, Chillarige RR, Weng P (eds) Multi-disciplinary Trends in Artificial Intelligence: 8th International Workshop, MIWAI 2014, Bangalore, India, December 8-10, 2014. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 47–56

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Petrochemical Research.

Blog post
1.
Hale T (2016) See Which Health Supplements Aren’t Backed By Science. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/see-which-health-supplements-arent-backed-by-science/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2010) Surface Transportation Security: TSA Has Taken Actions to Manage Risk, Improve Coordination, and Measure Performance, but Additional Actions Would Enhance Its Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kong C (2001) Formal Methods Applied to the Specification of an Active Network Node. Doctoral dissertation, University of Cincinnati

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.
New York Times article
1.
Kelly D (1993) From Warhol to Rathole. New York Times 714

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Petrochemical Research
AbbreviationAppl. Petrochem. Res.
ISSN (print)2190-5525
ISSN (online)2190-5533
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology

Other styles