How to format your references using the Applied Petrochemical Research citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Applied Petrochemical Research. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Cerf VG (2009) The day the Internet age began. Nature 461:1202–1203
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Hu DL, Bush JWM (2005) Meniscus-climbing insects. Nature 437:733–736
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sahu G, Sukumaran S, Bera AK (2014) Pannexins form gap junctions with electrophysiological and pharmacological properties distinct from connexins. Sci Rep 4:4955
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Husmann A, Betts JB, Boebinger GS, et al (2002) Megagauss sensors. Nature 417:421–424

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Vakkur NV, Herrera ZJ (2013) Corporate Governance Regulation. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Roman CT, Burdick DM (2012) Tidal Marsh Restoration: A Synthesis of Science and Management. Island Press/Center for Resource Economics, Washington, DC
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Pronzato L, Pázman A (2013) Local Optimality Criteria Based on Asymptotic Normality. In: Pázman A (ed) Design of Experiments in Nonlinear Models: Asymptotic Normality, Optimality Criteria and Small-Sample Properties. Springer, New York, NY, pp 105–165

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Applied Petrochemical Research.

Blog post
1.
Davis J (2015) The Southern Ocean Shows A Revived Ability To Absorb Atmospheric CO2. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/southern-ocean-show-revived-ability-absorb-atmospheric-co2/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (2002) Telecommunications: Better Coordination and Enhanced Accountability Needed to Improve Spectrum Management. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Saguilig LG (2017) A Clinical Decision Support System for the Prevention of Genetic-Related Heart Disease. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Feeney K (2006) QUICK BITE | Chester; Cider, From Doughnuts to Hot Dogs. New York Times 14NJ19

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleApplied Petrochemical Research
AbbreviationAppl. Petrochem. Res.
ISSN (print)2190-5525
ISSN (online)2190-5533
ScopeEnergy Engineering and Power Technology

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