How to format your references using the Western Pacific Surveillance and Response citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Western Pacific Surveillance and Response. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Rochelle GT. Amine scrubbing for CO2 capture. Science. 2009 Sep 25;325(5948):1652–4.
A journal article with 2 authors
Vukusic P, Sambles JR. Photonic structures in biology. Nature. 2003 Aug 14;424(6950):852–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
Kossin JP, Emanuel KA, Vecchi GA. The poleward migration of the location of tropical cyclone maximum intensity. Nature. 2014 May 15;509(7500):349–52.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Brown BE, Dunne RP, Goodson MS, Douglas AE. Bleaching patterns in reef corals. Nature. 2000 Mar 9;404(6774):142–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bragg SM. Running an Effective Investor Relations Department. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Ayuso Muñoz JL, Yagüe Blanco JL, Capuz-Rizo SF, editors. Project Management and Engineering Research, 2014: Selected Papers from the 18th International AEIPRO Congress held in Alcañiz, Spain, in 2014. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. IX, 289 p. 113 illus., 29 illus. in color. (Lecture Notes in Management and Industrial Engineering).
A chapter in an edited book
Bouleau N, Denis L. The Lent Particle Formula. In: Denis L, editor. Dirichlet Forms Methods for Poisson Point Measures and Lévy Processes: With Emphasis on the Creation-Annihilation Techniques. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 83–105. (Probability Theory and Stochastic Modelling).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Western Pacific Surveillance and Response.

Blog post
Luntz S. Pollution Most Severe At Traffic Lights. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOD Business Systems Modernization: Progress Continues to Be Made in Establishing Corporate Management Controls, but Further Steps Are Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 May. Report No.: GAO-07-733.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Schellenberg DL. Divorced women, poverty, and the Social Security Act: A policy analysis [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kitfield J. The Lingering Stench of Torture. New York Times. 2017 Jan 14;A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWestern Pacific Surveillance and Response
AbbreviationWestern Pac. Surveill. Response J.
ISSN (print)2094-7321
ISSN (online)2094-7313
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles