How to format your references using the Western Pacific Surveillance and Response citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Western Pacific Surveillance and Response. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bloom P. Behavior. Can a dog learn a word? Science. 2004 Jun 11;304(5677):1605–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ratnieks FLW, Wenseleers T. Evolution. Policing insect societies. Science. 2005 Jan 7;307(5706):54–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ford MGJ, Jenni S, Nunnari J. The crystal structure of dynamin. Nature. 2011 Sep 18;477(7366):561–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nie L, Mei D, Xiong H, Peng B, Ren Z, Hernandez XIP, et al. Activation of surface lattice oxygen in single-atom Pt/CeO2 for low-temperature CO oxidation. Science. 2017 Dec 15;358(6369):1419–23.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bauer E. Design for Reliability. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Badescu V, Zacny K, editors. Inner Solar System: Prospective Energy and Material Resources. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XXVII, 504 p. 212 illus., 158 illus. in color.
A chapter in an edited book
Lehtinen E, Brezovszky B, Rodríguez-Aflecht G, Lehtinen H, Hannula-Sormunen MM, McMullen J, et al. Number Navigation Game (NNG): Design Principles and Game Description. In: Torbeyns J, Lehtinen E, Elen J, editors. Describing and Studying Domain-Specific Serious Games. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 45–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Western Pacific Surveillance and Response.

Blog post
Andrew E. Slowing Down The Development Of Alzheimer’s Plaques [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. The Summer Feeding Program for Children: Reforms Begun--Many More Urgently Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1978 Mar. Report No.: CED-78-90.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ward VJ. A study of the perceptions of first-year teachers as prepared classroom teachers [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M. Richards-Ross Breaks American Drought In the Women’s 400. New York Times. 2012 Aug 6;D1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWestern Pacific Surveillance and Response
AbbreviationWestern Pac. Surveill. Response J.
ISSN (print)2094-7321
ISSN (online)2094-7313
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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