How to format your references using the Western Pacific Surveillance and Response citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Western Pacific Surveillance and Response. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hannon GJ. RNA interference. Nature. 2002 Jul 11;418(6894):244–51.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chenn A, Walsh CA. Regulation of cerebral cortical size by control of cell cycle exit in neural precursors. Science. 2002 Jul 19;297(5580):365–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Pohl MED, Pope KO, von Nagy C. Olmec origins of Mesoamerican writing. Science. 2002 Dec 6;298(5600):1984–7.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hughes ID, Däne M, Ernst A, Hergert W, Lüders M, Poulter J, et al. Lanthanide contraction and magnetism in the heavy rare earth elements. Nature. 2007 Apr 5;446(7136):650–3.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Cumming DJ. Venture Capital. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
Chivers I. Introduction to Programming with Fortran: With Coverage of Fortran 90, 95, 2003, 2008 and 77. 3rd ed. 2015. Sleightholme J, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. XXX, 674 p. 5 illus.
A chapter in an edited book
Anjum MN, Chowdhury C, Neogy S. A Fault Tolerance Approach for Mobile Agents. In: Kumar Kundu M, Mohapatra DP, Konar A, Chakraborty A, editors. Advanced Computing, Networking and Informatics- Volume 2: Wireless Networks and Security Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Advanced Computing, Networking and Informatics (ICACNI-2014). Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 29–37. (Smart Innovation, Systems and Technologies).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Western Pacific Surveillance and Response.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. “Air Conditioning System” May Make Hot Planets Habitable. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. VA Information Technology: Improvements Needed to Implement Legislative Reforms. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1998 Jul. Report No.: AIMD-98-154.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Best W. Beneath the Silence [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Fausset R, Blinder A, Eligon J. Blacks Beg to Differ With Trump’s Depiction. New York Times. 2016 Aug 24;A12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWestern Pacific Surveillance and Response
AbbreviationWestern Pac. Surveill. Response J.
ISSN (print)2094-7321
ISSN (online)2094-7313
ScopeGeneral Medicine

Other styles