How to format your references using the Western Pacific Surveillance and Response citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Western Pacific Surveillance and Response. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Owens B. Batteries. Nature. 2015 Oct 29;526(7575):S89.
A journal article with 2 authors
Zhou S, Bongiorno A. Origin of the chemical and kinetic stability of graphene oxide. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2484.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansell DA, Kadko D, Bates NR. Degradation of terrigenous dissolved organic carbon in the western Arctic Ocean. Science. 2004 May 7;304(5672):858–61.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Nabeshima Y, Washida M, Tamura M, Maeno A, Ohnishi M, Shiroishi T, et al. Calpain 1 inhibitor BDA-410 ameliorates α-klotho-deficiency phenotypes resembling human aging-related syndromes. Sci Rep. 2014 Aug 1;4:5847.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Maudlin T. Quantum Non-Locality and Relativity. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2011.
An edited book
Abramovich D. Enumerative Invariants in Algebraic Geometry and String Theory: Lectures given at the C.I.M.E. Summer School held in Cetraro, Italy June 6–11, 2005. Mariño M, Thaddeus M, Vakil R, Behrend K, Manetti M, editors. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008. X, 210 p. 30 illus. (Lecture Notes in Mathematics; vol. 1947).
A chapter in an edited book
Lu W, Zhan C, Hou H. Targeted Liposomes and Micelles as Carriers for Cancer Therapy. In: Alonso MJ, Garcia-Fuentes M, editors. Nano-Oncologicals: New Targeting and Delivery Approaches. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 95–122. (Advances in Delivery Science and Technology).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Western Pacific Surveillance and Response.

Blog post
Luntz S. Pythons And Boas Evolved In Parallel [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. NASA Property: Poor Lending Practices and Controls at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994 Apr. Report No.: NSIAD-94-116.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Weissflug KG. Effects of Positive Behavior Support Programs on Student Behaviors [Doctoral dissertation]. [ St. Charles, MO]: Lindenwood University; 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly DA. On Road or Trail, Navigating Made Simple. New York Times. 2006 Mar 5;56.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWestern Pacific Surveillance and Response
AbbreviationWestern Pac. Surveill. Response J.
ISSN (print)2094-7321
ISSN (online)2094-7313
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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