How to format your references using the Western Pacific Surveillance and Response citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Western Pacific Surveillance and Response. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
O’Rourke D. The science of sustainable supply chains. Science. 2014 Jun 6;344(6188):1124–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ort DR, Long SP. Botany. Limits on yields in the Corn Belt. Science. 2014 May 2;344(6183):484–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
White N, Thompson M, Barwise T. Understanding the thermal evolution of deep-water continental margins. Nature. 2003 Nov 20;426(6964):334–43.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Kuang C, Li S, Liu W, Hao X, Gu Z, Wang Y, et al. Breaking the diffraction barrier using fluorescence emission difference microscopy. Sci Rep. 2013;3:1441.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
O’Hara BT, Malisow B. CCSP® (ISC) 2® Certified Cloud Security Professional Official Study Guide. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2017.
An edited book
Rahman MS, Nakano S-I, editors. WALCOM: Algorithms and Computation: 6th International Workshop, WALCOM 2012, Dhaka, Bangladesh, February 15-17, 2012. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012. XV, 241 p. 67 illus. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science; vol. 7157).
A chapter in an edited book
Mao C, Qin SF, Wright D. Sketching-Out Virtual Humans: A Smart Interface for Human Modelling and Animation. In: Butz A, Fisher B, Krüger A, Olivier P, Owada S, editors. Smart Graphics: 8th International Symposium, SG 2007, Kyoto, Japan, June 25-27, 2007 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007. p. 36–48. (Lecture Notes in Computer Science).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Western Pacific Surveillance and Response.

Blog post
Andrew E. Captive Chimpanzees To Be Classified As Endangered. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Intercity Passenger Rail: The Financial Viability of Amtrak Continues to Be Threatened. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997 Mar. Report No.: T-RCED-97-94.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Brecese JA. Out of Our Depth: Hyper-Extensionality and the Return of Three-Dimensional Media [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwirtz M, Rashbaum WK. Accused of Spying, a New York City Correction Official Is Removed. New York Times. 2017 May 8;A18.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWestern Pacific Surveillance and Response
AbbreviationWestern Pac. Surveill. Response J.
ISSN (print)2094-7321
ISSN (online)2094-7313
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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