How to format your references using the Western Pacific Surveillance and Response citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Western Pacific Surveillance and Response. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Veis A. Materials science. A window on biomineralization. Science. 2005 Mar 4;307(5714):1419–20.
A journal article with 2 authors
Cooper VS, Lenski RE. The population genetics of ecological specialization in evolving Escherichia coli populations. Nature. 2000 Oct 12;407(6805):736–9.
A journal article with 3 authors
Brockmann D, Hufnagel L, Geisel T. The scaling laws of human travel. Nature. 2006 Jan 26;439(7075):462–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Wertman CA, Yablonsky RM, Shen Y, Merrill J, Kincaid CR, Pockalny RA. Mesoscale convective system surface pressure anomalies responsible for meteotsunamis along the U.S. East Coast on June 13th, 2013. Sci Rep. 2014 Nov 25;4:7143.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Fisk P. Chemical Risk Assessment. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2013.
An edited book
Einav G, editor. Transitioned Media: A Turning Point into the Digital Realm. New York, NY: Springer; 2010. XX, 168 p. (The Economics of Information, Communication and Entertainment, The Impacts of Digital Technology in the 21st Century).
A chapter in an edited book
Xu X, Radziszowski SP. On Some Open Questions for Ramsey and Folkman Numbers. In: Gera R, Hedetniemi S, Larson C, editors. Graph Theory: Favorite Conjectures and Open Problems - 1. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 43–62. (Problem Books in Mathematics).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Western Pacific Surveillance and Response.

Blog post
Luntz S. Polar Bear Numbers Plummet In Canada And Alaska [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Research: Assessment of the Financial Audit for SEMATECH’s Activities in 1992. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993 Oct. Report No.: RCED-94-17.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jobanputra MC. Investigation of Organic Thin Films for Application in Electro-optic Devices [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2002.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wejchert M. Falling Off the Edge. New York Times. 2017 May 1;A27.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleWestern Pacific Surveillance and Response
AbbreviationWestern Pac. Surveill. Response J.
ISSN (print)2094-7321
ISSN (online)2094-7313
ScopeGeneral Medicine

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