How to format your references using the National Academy Science Letters citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for National Academy Science Letters. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Sapienza C (2007) Molecular biology. Do Watson and Crick motor from X to Z? Science 315:46–47
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Costa S, Shaw P (2006) Chromatin organization and cell fate switch respond to positional information in Arabidopsis. Nature 439:493–496
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Sun Q, Haynes KF, Zhou X (2013) Differential undertaking response of a lower termite to congeneric and conspecific corpses. Sci Rep 3:1650
A journal article with 5 or more authors
1.
Arrasate M, Mitra S, Schweitzer ES, et al (2004) Inclusion body formation reduces levels of mutant huntingtin and the risk of neuronal death. Nature 431:805–810

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Antonucci D (2017) The Cyber Risk Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
1.
Fels G (2006) Cycle Spaces of Flag Domains: A Complex Geometric Viewpoint. Birkhäuser, Boston, MA
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Haghpanah Y, Ketter W, desJardins M, van Dalen J (2013) A Decision Framework for Broker Selection in Smart Grids. In: David E, Kiekintveld C, Robu V, et al (eds) Agent-Mediated Electronic Commerce. Designing Trading Strategies and Mechanisms for Electronic Markets: AMEC and TADA 2012, Valencia, Spain, June 4th, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 61–74

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for National Academy Science Letters.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E (2014) Climate Change Could Bring A Dramatic Increase In Lightning. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/global-warming-could-bring-dramatic-increase-lightning/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office (1991) FAA Budget: Key Issues in Facilities and Equipment and Operations Accounts Need Resolution. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Dalton R (2010) The story of Huo Yuanjia and the narrative of national humiliation in post-Mao China. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kelly C (2013) Thinking Beyond the Creationists and the Darwinists. New York Times A25B

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNational Academy Science Letters
AbbreviationNatl. Acad. Sci. Lett.
ISSN (print)0250-541X
ISSN (online)2250-1754
ScopeEngineering (miscellaneous)

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