How to format your references using the Disability and Health Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Disability and Health Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Janvier P. Facts and fancies about early fossil chordates and vertebrates. Nature. 2015;520(7548):483-489.
A journal article with 2 authors
Rikken GL, Raupach E. Enantioselective magnetochiral photochemistry. Nature. 2000;405(6789):932-935.
A journal article with 3 authors
Panda S, Hogenesch JB, Kay SA. Circadian rhythms from flies to human. Nature. 2002;417(6886):329-335.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Stubbs J, Simpson KM, Triglia T, et al. Molecular mechanism for switching of P. falciparum invasion pathways into human erythrocytes. Science. 2005;309(5739):1384-1387.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Tschannen-Moran B, Tschannen-Moran M. Evocative Coaching. Jossey-Bass; 2010.
An edited book
Lee DR, ed. Public Choice, Past and Present: The Legacy of James M. Buchanan and Gordon Tullock. Vol 28. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Dedecker J, Prieur C, De Fitte PR. Parametrized Kantorovich-Rubinštein theorem and application to the coupling of random variables. In: Bertail P, Soulier P, Doukhan P, eds. Dependence in Probability and Statistics. Lecture Notes in Statistics. Springer; 2006:105-121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Disability and Health Journal.

Blog post
Hale T. Why Do So Many People Sneeze When They Look At The Sun? IFLScience. Published January 18, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Mass Transit: Status of New Starts Transit Projects With Full Funding Grant Agreements. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1999.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Atwill RL. Evaluation of Water and Nitrogen Management Practices in Southern US Rice (Oryza Sativa L.) Production. Doctoral dissertation. Mississippi State University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J, Nolan K. Angry After Milwaukee Police Shooting, Protesters Turn Against News Media, Too. New York Times. August 16, 2016:A8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDisability and Health Journal
AbbreviationDisabil. Health J.
ISSN (print)1936-6574
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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