How to format your references using the Disability and Health Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Disability and Health Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Johansen JP. Neuroscience: anxiety is the sum of its parts. Nature. 2013;496(7444):174-175.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Schaefer BE, Pagnotta A. An absence of ex-companion stars in the type Ia supernova remnant SNR 0509-67.5. Nature. 2012;481(7380):164-166.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Truckses DM, Garrenton LS, Thorner J. Jekyll and Hyde in the microbial world. Science. 2004;306(5701):1509-1511.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Martianov I, Ramadass A, Serra Barros A, Chow N, Akoulitchev A. Repression of the human dihydrofolate reductase gene by a non-coding interfering transcript. Nature. 2007;445(7128):666-670.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cazdyn E, Szeman I. After Globalization. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Bychkov VL, Golubkov GV, Nikitin AI, eds. The Atmosphere and Ionosphere: Elementary Processes, Monitoring, and Ball Lightning. Springer International Publishing; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Kolk SM, Pasterkamp RJ. MICAL Flavoprotein Monooxygenases: Structure, Function and Role in Semaphorin Signaling. In: Pasterkamp RJ, ed. Semaphorins: Receptor and Intracellular Signaling Mechanisms. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology. Springer; 2007:38-51.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Disability and Health Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Microbes Turn Pee Into Electricity. IFLScience. Published March 9, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/microbes-turn-pee-electricity/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Need To Improve Policies and Procedures for Approving Grants Under the Emergency School Assistance Program. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1971.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Arendse EM. A textual Caribbean: Voices of the multitude in Junot Díaz’s The Brief Wondrous Life of Oscar Wao. Published online 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Winerip M, Schwirtz M. Even as Many Eyes Watch, Brutality at Rikers Persists. New York Times. February 22, 2015:A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDisability and Health Journal
AbbreviationDisabil. Health J.
ISSN (print)1936-6574
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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