How to format your references using the Disability and Health Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Disability and Health Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gewin V. Biosphere owner sues sponsor. Nature. 2003;422(6931):461.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Rappaport SM, Smith MT. Epidemiology. Environment and disease risks. Science. 2010;330(6003):460-461.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Helle S, Lummaa V, Jokela J. Sons reduced maternal longevity in preindustrial humans. Science. 2002;296(5570):1085.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Roy Chowdhury R, Vallania F, Yang Q, et al. Author Correction: A multi-cohort study of the immune factors associated with M. tuberculosis infection outcomes. Nature. Published online October 30, 2018.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Moeller R. IT Audit, Control, and Security. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Londral AR, Encarnação P, eds. Advances in Neurotechnology, Electronics and Informatics: Revised Selected Papers from the 2nd International Congress on Neurotechnology, Electronics and Informatics (NEUROTECHNIX 2014), October 25-26, Rome, Italy. Vol 12. Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Rudenstine S, Galea S. Vulnerabilities and Capacities: Venezuela Floods and Mudslides – December 14–16, 1999. In: Galea S, ed. The Causes and Behavioral Consequences of Disasters: Models Informed by the Global Experience 1950-2005. Springer; 2012:29-38.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Disability and Health Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Our Web History Reveals What We Think And Do. Shouldn’t That Remain Private? IFLScience. Published November 10, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/technology/our-web-history-reveals-what-we-think-and-do-shouldn-t-remain-private/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Census Bureau Needs to Strengthen Testing of 2010 Decennial Systems. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2009.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Djajalaksana YM. A National Survey of Instructional Strategies Used to Teach Information Systems Courses: An Exploratory Investigation. Published online 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Billard M. A Shoe With Meow. New York Times. August 19, 2010:E5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDisability and Health Journal
AbbreviationDisabil. Health J.
ISSN (print)1936-6574
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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