How to format your references using the Disability and Health Journal citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Disability and Health Journal. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Marine JC. Journal club. A cancer geneticist looks at the link between small RNA molecules and cancer. Nature. 2010;464(7293):1249.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Blander JM, Medzhitov R. Regulation of phagosome maturation by signals from toll-like receptors. Science. 2004;304(5673):1014-1018.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Day JMD, Pearson DG, Taylor LA. Highly siderophile element constraints on accretion and differentiation of the Earth-Moon system. Science. 2007;315(5809):217-219.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zhu W, Xiao D, Liu Y, Gong SJ, Duan CG. Picosecond electric field pulse induced coherent magnetic switching in MgO/FePt/Pt(001)-based tunnel junctions: a multiscale study. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4117.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Dvorak R, Lhotka C. Celestial Dynamics. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
1.
Liao H, Linte CA, Masamune K, Peters TM, Zheng G, eds. Augmented Reality Environments for Medical Imaging and Computer-Assisted Interventions: 6th International Workshop, MIAR 2013 and 8th International Workshop, AE-CAI 2013, Held in Conjunction with MICCAI 2013, Nagoya, Japan, September 22, 2013. Proceedings. Vol 8090. Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Moussa R. Big-SeqDB-Gen: A Formal and Scalable Approach for Parallel Generation of Big Synthetic Sequence Databases. In: Nambiar R, Poess M, eds. Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking: Traditional to Big Data to Internet of Things: 7th TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2015, Kohala Coast, HI, USA, August 31 – September 4, 2015. Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer International Publishing; 2016:61-76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Disability and Health Journal.

Blog post
1.
Andrew D. Argument Over Funding HIV PrEP Drug Reveals Prejudice About The Reality Of Some Gay Sex. IFLScience. Published November 16, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/argument-over-funding-hiv-prep-drug-reveals-prejudice-about-the-reality-of-some-gay-sex/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Aviation Administration: Viability of Current Funding Structure for Aviation Activities and Observations on Funding Provisions of Reauthorization Proposals. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Alonzo CE. Operation Uniting Families: Family Treatment Program a Grant. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Traub J. Make Poland Great Again. New York Times. November 2, 2016:MM43.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleDisability and Health Journal
AbbreviationDisabil. Health J.
ISSN (print)1936-6574
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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