How to format your references using the Endocrinology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Endocrinology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shea K. Ecology. How the wood moves. Science 2007;315(5816):1231–1232.
A journal article with 2 authors
Paterson WS, Reeh N. Thinning of the ice sheet in northwest Greenland over the past forty years. Nature 2001;414(6859):60–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fabiańska J, Kassier G, Feurer T. Split ring resonator based THz-driven electron streak camera featuring femtosecond resolution. Sci. Rep. 2014;4:5645.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Yang C-G, Yi C, Duguid EM, Sullivan CT, Jian X, Rice PA, He C. Crystal structures of DNA/RNA repair enzymes AlkB and ABH2 bound to dsDNA. Nature 2008;452(7190):961–965.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Valière J-C. Acoustic Particle Velocity Measurements Using Lasers. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
Ando T, Curto RE, Jung IB, Lee WY, eds. Recent Advances in Operator Theory and Applications. Basel: Birkhäuser; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
van Helvoort AAJ. The Personal Knowledge Base Conception of Information Literacy. In: Kurbanoğlu S, Špiranec S, Grassian E, Mizrachi D, Catts R, eds. Information Literacy. Lifelong Learning and Digital Citizenship in the 21st Century: Second European Conference, ECIL 2014, Dubrovnik, Croatia, October 20-23, 2014. Proceedings. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014:31–36.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Endocrinology.

Blog post
Davis J. Great Barrier Reef Is Facing Its Second Bleaching Event In Two Years. IFLScience 2017. Available at: Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Federal Student Loans: Education Could Improve Direct Loan Program Customer Service and Oversight. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ashirgade A. Mechanistic study of the rubber-brass adhesion interphase. 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hu W, Singer JE. Drug and Bribery Investigation Brings New Scrutiny to Queens Karaoke Clubs. New York Times. December 11, 2015:A36.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleEndocrinology
ISSN (print)0013-7227
ISSN (online)1945-7170

Other styles