How to format your references using the Nanoscience Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nanoscience Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Hartung T. Toxicology for the twenty-first century. Nature. 2009;460:208–212.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
von Storch H, Stehr N. Climate change in perspective. Nature. 2000;405:615.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Murray B, Huntress WT Jr, Friedman LD. Mars outposts: a planetary society approach to exploration. Nature. 2001;412:254–255.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Li L, Wang D, Xue M, et al. 3’UTR shortening identifies high-risk cancers with targeted dysregulation of the ceRNA network. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5406.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Jayaweera SK. Signal Processing for Cognitive Radios. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Fensel D, Kerrigan M, Zaremba M, editors. Implementing Semantic Web Services: The SESA Framework. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Hoque KA, Ait Mohamed O, Savaria Y, et al. Early Analysis of Soft Error Effects for Aerospace Applications Using Probabilistic Model Checking. In: Artho C, Ölveczky PC, editors. Formal Techniques for Safety-Critical Systems: Second International Workshop, FTSCS 2013, Queenstown, New Zealand, October 29--30, 2013 Revised Selected Papers. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2014. p. 54–70.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nanoscience Methods.

Blog post
[1]
Hamilton K. Hidden Housemates: Springtails Are Everywhere, Even In Your Home [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/hidden-housemates-springtails-are-everywhere-even-in-your-home/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Federal Vehicle Collisions and Aftermarket Collision Avoidance Technologies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2014. Report No.: GAO-14-408R. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Payan Venegas R. Factors associated with the lack of a regular health care provider for Latinos: Consequences and reasons [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Ortved J. Browsing for Denim. Or a Toothbrush. New York Times. 2017 May 4;D3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNanoscience Methods
ISSN (online)2164-2311
Scope

Other styles