How to format your references using the Nanoscience Methods citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nanoscience Methods. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Maddox J. Positioning the goalposts. Nature. 2000;403:139.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Sijen T, Plasterk RHA. Transposon silencing in the Caenorhabditis elegans germ line by natural RNAi. Nature. 2003;426:310–314.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Kersten S, Desvergne B, Wahli W. Roles of PPARs in health and disease. Nature. 2000;405:421–424.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Liu X, He B, Wang Z, et al. Tough nanocomposite ionogel-based actuator exhibits robust performance. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6673.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Armaroli N, Balzani V, Serpone N. Powering Planet Earth. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2013.
An edited book
[1]
Lévy PP, Grand BL, Poulet F, et al., editors. Pixelization Paradigm: First Visual Information Expert Workshop, VIEW 2006, Paris, France, April 24-25, 2006, Revised Selected Papers. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Lin W, Wong CP. Applications of Carbon Nanomaterials as Electrical Interconnects and Thermal Interface Materials. In: Wong CP, Moon K-S, Li Y (grace), editors. Nano-Bio- Electronic, Photonic and MEMS Packaging. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2010. p. 87–138.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nanoscience Methods.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Global Drug Survey Reveals It’s The “Worst Time In A Generation To Take MDMA” [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/global-drug-survey-reveals-its-the-worst-time-in-a-generation-to-take-mdma/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Airport Improvement Program: Program Funding by State Relative to Enplanements for Selected Years. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1993. Report No.: RCED-94-7FS. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Anderson E. Predicting Home Purchase Location in DC: An Intersectional Approach [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Kelly D. Who’s the Greatest of Them All? New York Times. 1993 Nov 21;724.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNanoscience Methods
ISSN (online)2164-2311
Scope

Other styles