How to format your references using the Frontiers in Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Ball P. Portrait of a molecule. Nature (2003) 421:421–422.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Dubrovinskaia N, Dubrovinsky L. Controversy about ultrahard nanotwinned cBN. Nature (2013) 502:E1-2.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bali E, Audétat A, Keppler H. Water and hydrogen are immiscible in Earth’s mantle. Nature (2013) 495:220–222.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Choudhuri K, Wiseman D, Brown MH, Gould K, van der Merwe PA. T-cell receptor triggering is critically dependent on the dimensions of its peptide-MHC ligand. Nature (2005) 436:578–582.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Allerton D. Principles of Flight Simulation. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd (2009).
An edited book
1.
Hasegawa M ed. Typed Lambda Calculi and Applications: 11th International Conference, TLCA 2013, Eindhoven, The Netherlands, June 26-28, 2013. Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer (2013).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chang S. “Laziness by Need,” in Programming Languages and Systems: 22nd European Symposium on Programming, ESOP 2013, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2013, Rome, Italy, March 16-24, 2013. Proceedings Lecture Notes in Computer Science., eds. M. Felleisen, P. Gardner (Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer), 81–100.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Public Health.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. The Omega-Shaped Jet Stream Responsible for Europe’s Heatwave. IFLScience (2015) Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/environment/omega-shaped-jet-stream-responsible-europe-s-heatwave/ [Accessed October 30, 2018]

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Spectrum Management: NTIA Planning and Processes Need Strengthening to Promote the Efficient Use of Spectrum by Federal Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (2011).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Benware A. The Roles of Teaching Experience and Authoritative Classroom Management Style on Student Discipline. (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Brantley B. A Darwinian Revival With a Feminist Streak. New York Times (2016)C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Public Health
AbbreviationFront. Public Health
ISSN (online)2296-2565
Scope

Other styles