How to format your references using the Frontiers in Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Burrows A. A theoretical look at the direct detection of giant planets outside the Solar System. Nature (2005) 433:261–268.
A journal article with 2 authors
Chen Y, Schier AF. The zebrafish Nodal signal Squint functions as a morphogen. Nature (2001) 411:607–610.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chiappe LM, Salgado L, Coria RA. Embryonic skulls of titanosaur sauropod dinosaurs. Science (2001) 293:2444–2446.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Bezerra-Neto MM, Ribeiro MS, Sanyal B, Bergman A, Muniz RB, Eriksson O, Klautau AB. Complex magnetic structure of clusters and chains of Ni and Fe on Pt(111). Sci Rep (2013) 3:3054.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ryan TP. Modern Engineering Statistics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2007).
An edited book
Lebow RN ed. Richard Ned Lebow: Major Texts on Methods and Philosophy of Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing (2016). X, 133 p. 11 illus., 8 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Gangadharan S, Churiwala S. “Clocks.,” In: Churiwala S, editor. Constraining Designs for Synthesis and Timing Analysis: A Practical Guide to Synopsys Design Constraints (SDC). New York, NY: Springer (2013). p. 47–55

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Public Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. Can You Be Allergic To Your Wi-Fi? IFLScience (2015) [Accessed October 30, 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Teacher Training: Over $1.5 Billion Federal Funds Invested in Many Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (1999).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wilson BR. A correlational study: Parental involvement to student achievement in public education. [Doctoral dissertation]. St. Charles, MO: Lindenwood University (2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Crair B. Books; Instagram Effect. New York Times (2017)ST3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Public Health
AbbreviationFront. Public Health
ISSN (online)2296-2565

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