How to format your references using the Frontiers in Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Chyba CF. Atmospheric science. Rethinking Earth’s early atmosphere. Science (2005) 308:962–963.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Safinya CR, Li Y. Materials science. Bundling with x-rays. Science (2010) 327:529–530.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Hatano T, Stopa M, Tarucha S. Single-electron delocalization in hybrid vertical-lateral double quantum dots. Science (2005) 309:268–271.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Smith KL Jr, Robison BH, Helly JJ, Kaufmann RS, Ruhl HA, Shaw TJ, Twining BS, Vernet M. Free-drifting icebergs: hot spots of chemical and biological enrichment in the Weddell Sea. Science (2007) 317:478–482.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Hagen J. Chemiereaktoren. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA (2017).
An edited book
1.
Misery L, Ständer S eds. Pruritus. London: Springer (2010).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Nava S, Fanfulla F. “Le interfacce per NIV,” in Ventilazione meccanica non invasiva: Come, quando e perché, ed. F. Fanfulla (Milano: Springer), 15–19.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Public Health.

Blog post
1.
Fang J. Toxin Resistance Suggests That Evolution Can Be Predictable. IFLScience (2015) Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/toxin-resistance-suggests-evolution-can-be-predictable/ [Accessed October 30, 2018]

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Graduate Medical Education: Trends in Training and Student Debt. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (2009).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Pan Y. Long-Term Effects of Higher-Quality Early Childhood Education for At-Risk Children on Their Later Development and Resilience. (2010)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Vlasic B, Chapman MM. Fiat Chrysler and U.A.W. Reach Deal, With Bigger Raise at Entry Level. New York Times (2015)B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Public Health
AbbreviationFront. Public Health
ISSN (online)2296-2565
Scope

Other styles