How to format your references using the Frontiers in Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. Alternative approaches. Nature (2003) 421:455.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Furukawa A, Tanaka H. Violation of the incompressibility of liquid by simple shear flow. Nature (2006) 443:434–438.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Visser K, Thunell R, Stott L. Magnitude and timing of temperature change in the Indo-Pacific warm pool during deglaciation. Nature (2003) 421:152–155.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
1.
Xu Q, Kobayashi S, Ye X, Meng X. Comparison of hepatic resection and radiofrequency ablation for small hepatocellular carcinoma: a meta-analysis of 16,103 patients. Sci Rep (2014) 4:7252.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Danby FW. Acne. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd (2014).
An edited book
1.
Sankai Y, Suzuki K, Hasegawa Y eds. Cybernics: Fusion of human, machine and information systems. Tokyo: Springer Japan (2014).
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Chattopadhyay S, Mitra M, Sengupta S. “Harmonics,” in Electric Power Quality Power Systems., eds. M. Mitra, S. Sengupta (Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands), 17–34.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Public Health.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Handcuffs, traps and spikes shed light on sex lives of insects. IFLScience (2014) Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/handcuffs-traps-and-spikes-shed-light-sex-lives-insects/ [Accessed October 30, 2018]

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Polar Weather Satellites: NOAA Identified Ways to Mitigate Data Gaps, but Contingency Plans and Schedules Require Further Attention. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (2013).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Kalavacherla RS. DFT study of the improved performance of oxygen reduction reaction on gold-copper alloy in a PEM fuel cell. (2017)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Rothenberg B. Tennis; Azarenka Returns With a Victory. New York Times (2017)B14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Public Health
AbbreviationFront. Public Health
ISSN (online)2296-2565
Scope

Other styles