How to format your references using the Frontiers in Public Health citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Frontiers in Public Health. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bennett JW. The fungi that ate my house. Science (2015) 349:1018.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mittermaier A, Kay LE. New tools provide new insights in NMR studies of protein dynamics. Science (2006) 312:224–228.
A journal article with 3 authors
Allen M, Raper S, Mitchell J. Climate change. Uncertainty in the IPCC’s Third Assessment Report. Science (2001) 293:430–433.
A journal article with 11 or more authors
Yun H, Shi R, Yang Q, Zhang X, Wang Y, Zhou X, Mu K. Over expression of hRad9 protein correlates with reduced chemosensitivity in breast cancer with administration of neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Sci Rep (2014) 4:7548.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morana J. Sustainable Supply Chain Management. Hoboken, NJ USA: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. (2013).
An edited book
Vukasović M, Maassen P, Nerland M, Stensaker B, Pinheiro R, Vabø A eds. Effects of Higher Education Reforms: Change Dynamics. Rotterdam: SensePublishers (2012). VI, 312 p p.
A chapter in an edited book
Ruan L, Zeng G. “SARS Epidemic: SARS Outbreaks in Inner-land of China.,” In: Lu Y, Essex M, Roberts B, editors. Emerging Infections in Asia. Boston, MA: Springer US (2008). p. 75–96

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Frontiers in Public Health.

Blog post
Andrew E. Is This Really What Happens To Your Body 60 Minutes After Drinking A Can Of Coke? IFLScience (2015) [Accessed October 30, 2018]


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: DHS’s Human Capital Plan Is Largely Consistent with Relevant Guidance, but Improvements and Implementation Steps Are Still Needed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office (2007).

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holvick-Norton T. Becoming Whole: The Process of Individuation for Women and Their Bodies. [Doctoral dissertation]. Carpinteria, CA: Pacifica Graduate Institute (2015).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Treaty Doesn’t Give Foreign Defendants Special Status in U.S. Courts, Justices Rule. New York Times (2006)A22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titleFrontiers in Public Health
AbbreviationFront. Public Health
ISSN (online)2296-2565

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