How to format your references using the Nanomedicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nanomedicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mortlock D. Astronomy: The age of the quasars. Nature. 514(7520), 43–44 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
Panthi D, Tsutsumi A. Micro-tubular solid oxide fuel cell based on a porous yttria-stabilized zirconia support. Sci. Rep. 4, 5754 (2014).
A journal article with 3 authors
Hsiang SM, Meng KC, Cane MA. Civil conflicts are associated with the global climate. Nature. 476(7361), 438–441 (2011).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Proskurowski G, Lilley MD, Seewald JS, et al. Abiogenic hydrocarbon production at lost city hydrothermal field. Science. 319(5863), 604–607 (2008).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lane D. The Chief Information Officer’s Body of Knowledge. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Zhang Y (aimee), editor. Handbook of Mobile Teaching and Learning. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg.
A chapter in an edited book
Del Moral P, Rémillard B, Rubenthaler S. Monte Carlo Approximations of American Options that Preserve Monotonicity and Convexity. In: Numerical Methods in Finance: Bordeaux, June 2010. Carmona RA, Del Moral P, Hu P, Oudjane N (Eds.), Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 115–143 (2012).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nanomedicine.

Blog post
Andrew D. How Claw Machines Are Rigged. IFLScience (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Financial Management Systems: DHS Has an Opportunity to Incorporate Best Practices in Modernization Efforts. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Harris NS. The Impact of Action Learning Experience on Reflective Practice. (2012).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kenigsberg B. Review: Another Look at Donald Trump’s Scottish Dealings. New York Times, C7 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNanomedicine
AbbreviationNanomedicine (Lond.)
ISSN (print)1743-5889
ISSN (online)1748-6963
Biomedical Engineering
General Materials Science
Medicine (miscellaneous)

Other styles