How to format your references using the Nanomedicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nanomedicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Harper S. Economic and social implications of aging societies. Science. 346(6209), 587–591 (2014).
A journal article with 2 authors
Allenby B, Fink J. Toward inherently secure and resilient societies. Science. 309(5737), 1034–1036 (2005).
A journal article with 3 authors
Nishimune H, Sanes JR, Carlson SS. A synaptic laminin-calcium channel interaction organizes active zones in motor nerve terminals. Nature. 432(7017), 580–587 (2004).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Liu B, Lin B, Tan X, et al. A reduction in reactive oxygen species contributes to dihydromyricetin-induced apoptosis in human hepatocellular carcinoma cells. Sci. Rep. 4, 7041 (2014).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Huang Q, Jing S, Yi J, Zhen W. Innovative Testing and Measurement Solutions for Smart Grid. John Wiley & Sons, Singapore Pte. Ltd, Singapore.
An edited book
Steinrück H, editor. Asymptotic Methods in Fluid Mechanics: Survey and Recent Advances. Springer, Vienna.
A chapter in an edited book
Desai S, Harrison B. Direct-Writing of Biomedia for Drug Delivery and Tissue Regeneration. In: Printed Biomaterials: Novel Processing and Modeling Techniques for Medicine and Surgery. Narayan R, Boland T, Lee Y-S (Eds.), Springer, New York, NY, 71–89 (2010).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nanomedicine.

Blog post
Andrew E. Our Mostly Dry Planetary Neighbors Once Had Lots of Water—What Does That Imply For Us? [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Review of the District of Columbia’s Automatic Data Processing Operations. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Vega Aguirre JC. Study of small business leadership as a result of the North American Free Trade Agreement. (2008).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly C. Scent Notes: The Citrus Aroma of the Season. New York Times, ST3 (2016).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNanomedicine
AbbreviationNanomedicine (Lond.)
ISSN (print)1743-5889
ISSN (online)1748-6963
Biomedical Engineering
General Materials Science
Medicine (miscellaneous)

Other styles