How to format your references using the Nanomedicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nanomedicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Benovic JL. Structural biology: Arresting developments in receptor signalling. Nature. 523(7562), 538–539 (2015).
A journal article with 2 authors
Gao KQ, Shubin NH. Late Jurassic salamanders from northern China. Nature. 410(6828), 574–577 (2001).
A journal article with 3 authors
Humayun M, Qin L, Norman MD. Geochemical evidence for excess iron in the mantle beneath Hawaii. Science. 306(5693), 91–94 (2004).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Hershkovitz I, Duval M, Grün R, et al. Response to Comment on “The earliest modern humans outside Africa.” Science. 362(6413) (2018).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bliesner DM. Establishing a CGMP Laboratory Audit System. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Hondeghem A, Rousseaux X, Schoenaers F, editors. Modernisation of the Criminal Justice Chain and the Judicial System: New Insights on Trust, Cooperation and Human Capital. Springer International Publishing, Cham.
A chapter in an edited book
Verdonschot PFM. Data composition and taxonomic resolution in macroinvertebrate stream typology. In: The Ecological Status of European Rivers: Evaluation and Intercalibration of Assessment Methods. Furse MT, Hering D, Brabec K, Buffagni A, Sandin L, Verdonschot PFM (Eds.), Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 59–74 (2006).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nanomedicine.

Blog post
Fang J. Native Predators May Benefit From Preying On Invasive Species [Internet]. IFLScience (2015). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Assessment of the Explanation That Immigration and Customs Enforcement Provided for Its Subsequent Transfer from the Spectrum Relocation Fund. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Bujarbarua V. Production Optimization Using an In-Situ Steam Generator in a Rejuvenated Heavy Oil Field. (2015).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky S. Valentin Rasputin, ‘Village Prose’ Leader, Dies at 77. New York Times, A25 (2015).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNanomedicine
AbbreviationNanomedicine (Lond.)
ISSN (print)1743-5889
ISSN (online)1748-6963
Biomedical Engineering
General Materials Science
Medicine (miscellaneous)

Other styles