How to format your references using the Nanomedicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Nanomedicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Zwier TS. Chemistry. Squeezing the water out of HCl(aq). Science. 324(5934), 1522–1523 (2009).
A journal article with 2 authors
Kummamuru RK, Soh Y-A. Electrical effects of spin density wave quantization and magnetic domain walls in chromium. Nature. 452(7189), 859–863 (2008).
A journal article with 3 authors
Mézard M, Parisi G, Zecchina R. Analytic and algorithmic solution of random satisfiability problems. Science. 297(5582), 812–815 (2002).
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Johnsen A, Andersen V, Sunding C, Lifjeld JT. Female bluethroats enhance offspring immunocompetence through extra-pair copulations. Nature. 406(6793), 296–299 (2000).

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Speight JG. Rules of Thumb for Petroleum Engineers. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Greenwood PL, Bell AW, Vercoe PE, Viljoen GJ, editors. Managing the Prenatal Environment to Enhance Livestock Productivity. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht.
A chapter in an edited book
Jones K, Mackrell K, Stevenson I. Designing Digital Technologies and Learning Activities for Different Geometries. In: Mathematics Education and Technology-Rethinking the Terrain: The 17th ICMI Study. Hoyles C, Lagrange J-B (Eds.), Springer US, Boston, MA, 47–60 (2010).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Nanomedicine.

Blog post
Hale T. This 12 Black Dot Illusion Is Blowing A Lot Of Minds [Internet]. IFLScience (2016). Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Benchmarking: Costly and Difficult, but Often Necessary When Buying Computer Equipment or Services. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Joseph OW. A study of the effectiveness of mentor roles in a rural school district. (2009).

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G. After Long Hours, the Red Sox Keep a Slim Lead. New York Times, D7 (2011).

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleNanomedicine
AbbreviationNanomedicine (Lond.)
ISSN (print)1743-5889
ISSN (online)1748-6963
Biomedical Engineering
General Materials Science
Medicine (miscellaneous)

Other styles