How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Kerr RA. CLIMATE: Ice, Mud Point to CO2 Role in Glacial Cycle. Science. 2000;289(5486):1868.
A journal article with 2 authors
Orsini A, Falconi C. Real-time monitoring of the solution growth of ZnO nanorods arrays by quartz microbalances and in-situ temperature sensors. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6285.
A journal article with 3 authors
Helle S, Lummaa V, Jokela J. Sons reduced maternal longevity in preindustrial humans. Science. 2002;296(5570):1085.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Zhang Y, Fu F, Wu T, Xie G, Wang L. A tale of two contribution mechanisms for nonlinear public goods. Sci Rep. 2013;3:2021.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pearson D, Grace C. Weight Management. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd,.; 2012.
An edited book
Mino T, Hanaki K, eds. Environmental Leadership Capacity Building in Higher Education: Experience and Lessons from Asian Program for Incubation of Environmental Leaders. Springer Japan; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
Ki DH, Jung YD. Atomic Processes in Dusty Plasmas. In: Shevelko V, Tawara H, eds. Atomic Processes in Basic and Applied Physics. Springer Series on Atomic, Optical, and Plasma Physics. Springer; 2012:103-121.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Dentistry.

Blog post
Carpineti A. Hubble Might Have Seen The Shadow Of A Planet Forming. IFLScience. Published January 9, 2017. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Joint Strike Fighter: DOD Plans to Enter Production before Testing Demonstrates Acceptable Performance. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gross J. High-Performance Dram System Design Constraints and Considerations. Doctoral dissertation. University of Maryland, College Park; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sisario B. Bruce Springsteen: Greetings From Broadway. New York Times. August 9, 2017:C5.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Dentistry
AbbreviationIndian J. Dent.
ISSN (print)0975-962X

Other styles