How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Qiu J. Obituary: Qian Xuesen (1911-2009). Nature. 2009;462(7274):735.
A journal article with 2 authors
O’Connor PM, Claessens LPAM. Basic avian pulmonary design and flow-through ventilation in non-avian theropod dinosaurs. Nature. 2005;436(7048):253-256.
A journal article with 3 authors
Zhang C, Chan CT, Hu X. Broadband focusing and collimation of water waves by zero refractive index. Sci Rep. 2014;4:6979.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Peters D, Demes B, Krause DW, Labarbera M, Rieppel O. Suction Feeding in Triassic Protorosaur? Science. 2005;308(5725):1112c-1113c.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carrega P. Geographical Information and Climatology. John Wiley & Sons, Inc; 2010.
An edited book
Masurel E, Jauhari V, Watanabe C, Geenhuizen M, eds. Technological Innovation Across Nations: Applied Studies of Coevolutionary Development. Springer; 2009.
A chapter in an edited book
Wójtowicz D, Tiuryn J. On Genome Evolution with Accumulated Change and Innovation. In: Bourque G, El-Mabrouk N, eds. Comparative Genomics: RECOMB 2006 International Workshop, RCG 2006 Montreal, Canada, September 24-26, 2006 Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2006:39-50.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Dentistry.

Blog post
Andrew E. Study Reveals The Impact Of The Fukushima Catastrophe On Plants And Animals. IFLScience. Published August 15, 2014. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Modernization: IRS’ Tax System Redesign Progress and Plans for the Future. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Nguyen J. Adherence to Medications among Vietnamese Americans 65 Years of Age and Older. Doctoral dissertation. California State University, Long Beach; 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowen T. Affordable, but Not That Egalitarian. New York Times. November 6, 2015:BU6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Dentistry
AbbreviationIndian J. Dent.
ISSN (print)0975-962X

Other styles