How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Bromm V. Chemistry. To cool or not to cool. Science. 2010;329(5987):45-46.
A journal article with 2 authors
Ortíz-Barrientos D, Noor MAF. Evidence for a one-allele assortative mating locus. Science. 2005;310(5753):1467.
A journal article with 3 authors
Silvarolla MB, Mazzafera P, Fazuoli LC. Plant biochemistry: a naturally decaffeinated arabica coffee. Nature. 2004;429(6994):826.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Huang DT, Hunt HW, Zhuang M, Ohi MD, Holton JM, Schulman BA. Basis for a ubiquitin-like protein thioester switch toggling E1-E2 affinity. Nature. 2007;445(7126):394-398.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kanel GC. Pathology of Liver Diseases. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
Capasso F. Lassativi: Impiego Razionale Dei Lassativi Nella Stipsi. (D’Argenio G, ed.). Springer; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
Gaul L. Tutorial Guideline VDI 3830: Damping of Materials and Members. In: Allemang R, De Clerck J, Niezrecki C, Blough JR, eds. Topics in Modal Analysis I, Volume 5: Proceedings of the 30th IMAC, A Conference on Structural Dynamics, 2012. Conference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series. Springer; 2012:25-31.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Dentistry.

Blog post
Andrew D. Here’s How To Convince The Brain That Prosthetic Legs Are Real. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Early Childhood Programs: Parent Education and Income Best Predict Participation. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hume DM. The reader as collaborator in Coleridge’s fragments “The Rime of the Ancient Mariner”, “Christabel,” and “Kubla Khan”: Kindling “Native flames” rather than reflecting “Alien fires.” Published online 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
St. John Kelly E. Children’s Books. New York Times. April 27, 1997:729.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Dentistry
AbbreviationIndian J. Dent.
ISSN (print)0975-962X

Other styles