How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hobson A. A model for madness? Nature. 2004;430(6995):21.
A journal article with 2 authors
Adam D, Butler D. Comet mission hangs in the balance. Nature. 2003;421(6919):102.
A journal article with 3 authors
Church JA, White NJ, Arblaster JM. Significant decadal-scale impact of volcanic eruptions on sea level and ocean heat content. Nature. 2005;438(7064):74-77.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Andrus CFT, Crowe DE, Sandweiss DH, Reitz EJ, Romanek CS. Otolith delta 18O record of mid-Holocene sea surface temperatures in Peru. Science. 2002;295(5559):1508-1511.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Naini FB. Facial Aesthetics. West Sussex, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.; 2011.
An edited book
Gabrielli L. Wireless Networked Music Performance. 1st ed. 2016. (Squartini S, ed.). Singapore: Springer; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Saito J-T, Chaslot G, Uiterwijk JWHM, van den Herik HJ. Monte-Carlo Proof-Number Search for Computer Go. In: Herik HJ van D, Ciancarini P, Donkers HHLM (jeroen), eds. Computers and Games: 5th International Conference, CG 2006, Turin, Italy, May 29-31, 2006. Revised Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007:50-61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Dentistry.

Blog post
Fang J. Earliest Case of Leprosy in the UK Found in 1,500-Year-Old Skeleton. IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. No Child Left Behind Act: States Face Challenges Measuring Academic Growth. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2006.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Parker HA. Virtual Mate Poaching: A study of the tactics used to poach a potential mate on Social Networking Sites. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rubin JP. 59 Missiles Don’t Equal a Foreign Policy. New York Times. April 8, 2017:SR2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Dentistry
AbbreviationIndian J. Dent.
ISSN (print)0975-962X

Other styles