How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Gratton E. Applied physics. Deeper tissue imaging with total detection. Science. 2011;331(6020):1016-1017.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Dunbar RIM, Shultz S. Evolution in the social brain. Science. 2007;317(5843):1344-1347.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Gao G, Guo X, Goff SP. Inhibition of retroviral RNA production by ZAP, a CCCH-type zinc finger protein. Science. 2002;297(5587):1703-1706.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Lee JE, Fusco ML, Hessell AJ, Oswald WB, Burton DR, Saphire EO. Structure of the Ebola virus glycoprotein bound to an antibody from a human survivor. Nature. 2008;454(7201):177-182.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Edwards DW. Risk Management in Trading. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Barbero M. Atlas of Muscle Innervation Zones: Understanding Surface Electromyography and Its Applications. (Merletti R, Rainoldi A, eds.). Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Wessels H. Statistics in the South African School Curriculum. In: Batanero C, Burrill G, Reading C, eds. Teaching Statistics in School Mathematics-Challenges for Teaching and Teacher Education: A Joint ICMI/IASE Study: The 18th ICMI Study. New ICMI Study Series. Springer Netherlands; 2011:21-25.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Dentistry.

Blog post
1.
Andrews R. House Science Committee Tweets Breitbart Article Denouncing Climate Change. IFLScience. Published December 2, 2016. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/environment/house-science-committee-tweets-climate-change-denial-breitbart-article/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. College Savings: Information on State Tuition Prepayment Programs. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Builes AJ. Inferring Function: A Study of Three Prehistoric Structures in El Pital, Puerto López, Manabí, Ecuador. Doctoral dissertation. Florida Atlantic University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S. Beleaguered Russian Orchestra Tours U.S. New York Times. March 4, 2006:B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Dentistry
AbbreviationIndian J. Dent.
ISSN (print)0975-962X
Scope

Other styles