How to format your references using the Indian Journal of Dentistry citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Indian Journal of Dentistry. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Cordes JM. Astronomy. Radio bursts, origin unknown. Science. 2013;341(6141):40-41.
A journal article with 2 authors
Taberlet P, Cheddadi R. Ecology. Quaternary refugia and persistence of biodiversity. Science. 2002;297(5589):2009-2010.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nesvorný D, Vokrouhlický D, Bottke WF. The breakup of a main-belt asteroid 450 thousand years ago. Science. 2006;312(5779):1490.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Watts RD, Compton RW, McCammon JH, et al. Roadless space of the conterminous United States. Science. 2007;316(5825):736-738.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
American Counseling Association. The ACA Encyclopedia of Counseling. American Counseling Association; 2015.
An edited book
Ceri S, Brambilla M, eds. Search Computing: Trends and Developments. Vol 6585. Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
Park J-K, Kim MK. Teaching and Learning of EIL in Korean Culture and Context. In: Marlina R, Giri RA, eds. The Pedagogy of English as an International Language: Perspectives from Scholars, Teachers, and Students. English Language Education. Springer International Publishing; 2014:47-61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Indian Journal of Dentistry.

Blog post
Fang J. Eating Peanuts Early in Life May Prevent Peanut Allergies. IFLScience. Published February 25, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Law Enforcement: Information on the Los Angeles County Sheriff’s Department Gang Reporting, Evaluation, and Tracking System. U.S. Government Printing Office; 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Moreno S. Mother-child relationships: Females behind bars and their children. Published online 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Williams J. Reading Toward Recovery. New York Times. September 4, 2016:BR4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleIndian Journal of Dentistry
AbbreviationIndian J. Dent.
ISSN (print)0975-962X

Other styles