How to format your references using the Myrmecological News citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Myrmecological News. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ballschmiter, K. 2002: Atmospheric chemistry. A marine source for alkyl nitrates. – Science (New York, N.Y.) 297: 1127-1128.
A journal article with 2 authors
Poulsen, M. & Boomsma, J.J. 2005: Mutualistic fungi control crop diversity in fungus-growing ants. – Science (New York, N.Y.) 307: 741-744.
A journal article with 3 authors
Girart, J.M., Rao, R. & Marrone, D.P. 2006: Magnetic fields in the formation of sun-like stars. – Science (New York, N.Y.) 313: 812-814.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Kondo, T., Sawa, S., Kinoshita, A., Mizuno, S., Kakimoto, T., Fukuda, H. & Sakagami, Y. 2006: A plant peptide encoded by CLV3 identified by in situ MALDI-TOF MS analysis. – Science (New York, N.Y.) 313: 845-848.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lenk, R. & Lenk, C. 2011: Practical Lighting Design With LEDs. – John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Edward, S.G. 2015: Practical MongoDB: Architecting, Developing, and Administering MongoDB. – Apress, Berkeley, CA, XXII, 249 p. 88 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Li, W. & Zou, Z. 2015: Cross-Reactivity. In: Tao, A. & Raz, E. (Eds.): Allergy Bioinformatics. – Translational Bioinformatics. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp. 67-92.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Myrmecological News.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2014: According to Stephen Hawking, black holes as we currently understand them do not exist. – IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1972: GAO Role in the Evaluation of Federally Funded Education Programs. –

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Holland, J.H. 2010: Investigating the relationship between the policy implementation process and the utilization of information technology in a constitutional republic: The case of I-269 NEPA process. – PhD thesis, Mississippi State University, Mississippi State, MS

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
George, R.P. 2014: The Evangelist. – New York Times: BR14.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Ballschmiter 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Ballschmiter 2002, Poulsen & Boomsma 2005).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Poulsen & Boomsma 2005)
  • Three or more authors: (Kondo & al. 2006)

About the journal

Full journal titleMyrmecological News
ISSN (print)1994-4136
ISSN (online)1997-3500

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