How to format your references using the Myrmecological News citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Myrmecological News. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Borhani, D.W. 2011: Comment on “A bacterium that can grow by using arsenic instead of phosphorus.” – Science (New York, N.Y.) 332: 1149; author reply 1149.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, T.L. & Kim, C.-J.C.J. 2014: Repellent surfaces. Turning a surface superrepellent even to completely wetting liquids. – Science (New York, N.Y.) 346: 1096-1100.
A journal article with 3 authors
Conard, N.J., Malina, M. & Münzel, S.C. 2009: New flutes document the earliest musical tradition in southwestern Germany. – Nature 460: 737-740.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Vecchione, M., Young, R.E., Guerra, A., Lindsay, D.J., Clague, D.A., Bernhard, J.M., Sager, W.W., Gonzalez, A.F., Rocha, F.J. & Segonzac, M. 2001: Worldwide observations of remarkable deep-sea squids. – Science (New York, N.Y.) 294: 2505.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chen, Z.N. & Chia, M.Y.W. 2006: Broadband Planar Antennas. – John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Pogorzelski, W.A. 2008: Completeness Theory for Propositional Logics. – Birkhäuser, Basel, VIII, 178 p pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Zhai, D., Wu, Y., Lu, J. & Yan, F. 2008: A Fuzzy Negotiation Model with Genetic Algorithms. In: Wang, W., Li, Y., Duan, Z., Yan, L., Li, H. & Yang, X. (Eds.): Integration and Innovation Orient to E-Society Volume 1: Seventh IFIP International Conference on e-Business, e-Services, and e-Society (I3E2007), October 10–12, Wuhan, China. – IFIP — The International Federation for Information Processing. Springer US, Boston, MA, pp. 35-43.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Myrmecological News.

Blog post
Hale, T. 2016: Scientists Made A Lego Maze To See How Groups Of Ants Coordinate. – IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 2016: School Choice: Private School Choice Programs Are Growing and Can Complicate Providing Certain Federally Funded Services to Eligible Students. –

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gillespie, S.E. 2014: Landscapes in Flux. – PhD thesis, Southern Illinois University, Edwardsville, IL

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Hodara, S. 2014: Brightening the Night With a Spring Palette. – New York Times: WE9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Borhani 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Borhani 2011, Liu & Kim 2014).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu & Kim 2014)
  • Three or more authors: (Vecchione & al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleMyrmecological News
ISSN (print)1994-4136
ISSN (online)1997-3500

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