How to format your references using the Myrmecological News citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Myrmecological News. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Shalaev, V.M. 2008: Physics. Transforming light. – Science (New York, N.Y.) 322: 384-386.
A journal article with 2 authors
Seelig, J.D. & Jayaraman, V. 2013: Feature detection and orientation tuning in the Drosophila central complex. – Nature 503: 262-266.
A journal article with 3 authors
Amodeo, G.A., Rudolph, M.J. & Tong, L. 2007: Crystal structure of the heterotrimer core of Saccharomyces cerevisiae AMPK homologue SNF1. – Nature 449: 492-495.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zinzen, R.P., Girardot, C., Gagneur, J., Braun, M. & Furlong, E.E.M. 2009: Combinatorial binding predicts spatio-temporal cis-regulatory activity. – Nature 462: 65-70.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Feldkamp, F.L. & Whalen, R.C. 2014: Financial Stability. – John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ.
An edited book
Salampasis, M. & Larsen, B. eds. 2012: Multidisciplinary Information Retrieval: 5th Information Retrieval Facility Conference, IRFC 2012, Vienna, Austria, July 2-3, 2012 Proceedings. – Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, X, 153 p. 39 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Tjulkins, F., Nguyen, A.T., Andersen, M. & Imenes, K. 2013: MEMS Accelerometer-Based Heart Monitoring System with Myocardial Fixation. In: Dekhtyar, Y., Katashev, A. & Lancere, L. (Eds.): International Symposium on Biomedical Engineering and Medical Physics, 10-12 October, 2012, Riga, Latvia. – IFMBE Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 19-22.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Myrmecological News.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2016: Another Team Has Signed Up For Google’s XPRIZE Moon Race Next Year. – IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1997: International Aviation: Competition Issues in the U.S.-U.K. Market. –

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Ithier-Guzman, W. 2010: Assessing the ability of soils and sediment to adsorb and retain cesium-137 in Puerto Rico. – PhD thesis, University of South Florida, Tampa, FL

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Burton, S. 2015: How to Talk to Strangers. – New York Times: MM34.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Shalaev 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Shalaev 2008, Seelig & Jayaraman 2013).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Seelig & Jayaraman 2013)
  • Three or more authors: (Zinzen & al. 2009)

About the journal

Full journal titleMyrmecological News
ISSN (print)1994-4136
ISSN (online)1997-3500

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