How to format your references using the Myrmecological News citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Myrmecological News. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Palmer, R. 2011: Drugs: Lines of defence. – Nature 480: S9-10.
A journal article with 2 authors
Goedert, M. & Spillantini, M.G. 2006: A century of Alzheimer’s disease. – Science (New York, N.Y.) 314: 777-781.
A journal article with 3 authors
Efferson, C., Lalive, R. & Fehr, E. 2008: The coevolution of cultural groups and ingroup favoritism. – Science (New York, N.Y.) 321: 1844-1849.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Shine, R., Phillips, B., Waye, H., LeMaster, M. & Mason, R.T. 2001: Benefits of female mimicry in snakes. – Nature 414: 267.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ursone, P. 2015: How to Calculate Options Prices and Their Greeks. – John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Shiffman, M.A. & Di Giuseppe, A. eds. 2013: Advanced Aesthetic Rhinoplasty: Art, Science, and New Clinical Techniques. – Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, XVI, 1146 p. 958 illus., 881 illus. in color pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Pech, T., Gabriel, M., Jähn, B., Kühnert, D., Reisdorf, P. & Wanielik, G. 2016: Prototyping Framework for Cooperative Interaction of Automated Vehicles and Vulnerable Road Users. In: Schulze, T., Müller, B. & Meyer, G. (Eds.): Advanced Microsystems for Automotive Applications 2016: Smart Systems for the Automobile of the Future. – Lecture Notes in Mobility. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp. 43-53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Myrmecological News.

Blog post
O`Callaghan, J. 2016: Earth’s Deepest Water May Be 1,000 Kilometers Below The Surface. – IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1986: Space Shuttle: Issues Associated With the Vandenberg Launch Site. –

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kostenbader, T.C. 2015: Analyzing students’ attitudes towards science during inquiry-based lessons. – PhD thesis, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon, M. 2012: Men’s and Women’s 800-Meter Teams Are Settled. – New York Times: B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Palmer 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Goedert & Spillantini 2006, Palmer 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Goedert & Spillantini 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (Shine & al. 2001)

About the journal

Full journal titleMyrmecological News
ISSN (print)1994-4136
ISSN (online)1997-3500

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