How to format your references using the Myrmecological News citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Myrmecological News. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Hynek, B.M. 2004: Implications for hydrologic processes on Mars from extensive bedrock outcrops throughout Terra Meridiani. – Nature 431: 156-159.
A journal article with 2 authors
He, X.-L. & Garcia, K.C. 2004: Structure of nerve growth factor complexed with the shared neurotrophin receptor p75. – Science (New York, N.Y.) 304: 870-875.
A journal article with 3 authors
Yudkovsky, N., Ranish, J.A. & Hahn, S. 2000: A transcription reinitiation intermediate that is stabilized by activator. – Nature 408: 225-229.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Huang, C., Rajfur, Z., Borchers, C., Schaller, M.D. & Jacobson, K. 2003: JNK phosphorylates paxillin and regulates cell migration. – Nature 424: 219-223.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Aquino, J.A. 2017: The International Family Guide to US University Admissions. – John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK.
An edited book
Aprea, C., Wuttke, E., Breuer, K., Koh, N.K., Davies, P., Greimel-Fuhrmann, B. & Lopus, J.S. eds. 2016: International Handbook of Financial Literacy. – Springer, Singapore, XIV, 713 p. 85 illus pp.
A chapter in an edited book
Andronikou, S. 2012: Brain Surface Anatomy and Functional Regions. In: Andronikou, S. (Eds.): See Right Through Me: An Imaging Anatomy Atlas. – Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp. 101-116.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Myrmecological News.

Blog post
Andrew, E. 2015: The Legacy Of John Nash And His Equilibrium Theory. – IFLScience.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office 1999: Year 2000 Computing Challenge: Agencies’ Reporting of Mission-Critical Classified Systems. –

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dao, L.-A.T. 2017: Comparison of peripherally inserted intravenous catheter complication prevalence: Before and after changing a 96-hour routine replacement standard. – PhD thesis, California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Bernard, T.S. 2016: Reading, Writing and Rip-Offs. – New York Times: BU1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Hynek 2004).
This sentence cites two references (He & Garcia 2004, Hynek 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (He & Garcia 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Huang & al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleMyrmecological News
ISSN (print)1994-4136
ISSN (online)1997-3500

Other styles