How to format your references using the Journal of Software Engineering Research and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Software Engineering Research and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mackay TFC (2009) Genetics. A-maize-ing diversity. Science 325:688–689
A journal article with 2 authors
Prlic M, Bevan MJ (2006) Immunology. An antibody paradox, resolved. Science 311:1875–1876
A journal article with 3 authors
Thürmer K, Hwang RQ, Bartelt NC (2006) Surface self-organization caused by dislocation networks. Science 311:1272–1274
A journal article with 5 or more authors
James AB, Monreal JA, Nimmo GA, et al (2008) The circadian clock in Arabidopsis roots is a simplified slave version of the clock in shoots. Science 322:1832–1835

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Parker D (2011) Global Real Estate Investment Trusts. Wiley-Blackwell, Oxford, UK
An edited book
Pinedo HM, Smorenburg CH (eds) (2006) Drugs Affecting Growth of Tumours. Birkhäuser, Basel
A chapter in an edited book
Inaba M (2009) Chemical Degradation of Perfluorinated Sulfonic Acid Membranes. In: Büchi FN, Inaba M, Schmidt TJ (eds) Polymer Electrolyte Fuel Cell Durability. Springer, New York, NY, pp 57–69

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Software Engineering Research and Development.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Measles Has Been Officially Wiped Out Across The Americas. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2011) Next Generation Air Transportation System: FAA Has Made Some Progress in Implementation, but Delays Threaten to Impact Costs and Benefits. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Spencer KH (2008) Exploring the impact of problem -focused case writing pedagogy on novice teachers’ beliefs and practices concerning effective instructional intervention for young children and families. Doctoral dissertation, George Washington University

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly M (1992) THE 1992 CAMPAIGN: In Hindsight; Texas-Size Failure. New York Times 111

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Mackay 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Prlic and Bevan 2006; Mackay 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Prlic and Bevan 2006)
  • Three or more authors: (James et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Software Engineering Research and Development
AbbreviationJ. Softw. Eng. Res. Dev.
ISSN (online)2195-1721

Other styles