How to format your references using the Journal of Software Engineering Research and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Software Engineering Research and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Todes D (2009) Global Darwin: Contempt for competition. Nature 462:36–37
A journal article with 2 authors
Rohatgi R, Scott MP (2008) Cell biology. Arrestin’ movement in cilia. Science 320:1726–1727
A journal article with 3 authors
Maharana C, Sharma KP, Sharma SK (2013) Feedback mechanism in depolarization-induced sustained activation of extracellular signal-regulated kinase in the hippocampus. Sci Rep 3:1103
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Ying Y-L, Zhang J, Meng F-N, et al (2013) A stimuli-responsive nanopore based on a photoresponsive host-guest system. Sci Rep 3:1662

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Labuszewski JW, Nyhoff JE, Co R, Peterson PE (2010) The CME Group Risk Management Handbook. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Oppy G, Trakakis NN (eds) (2014) History of Philosophy in Australia and New Zealand. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht
A chapter in an edited book
Dopfer K (2011) Mesoeconomics: Bridging Micro and Macro in a Schumpeterian Key. In: Mann S (ed) Sectors Matter!: Exploring Mesoeconomics. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 103–114

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Software Engineering Research and Development.

Blog post
Fang J (2014) Hundreds of Erupting Methane Plumes Discovered Along U.S. East Coast. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Natural Gas: Factors Affecting Approval Times for Construction of Natural Gas Pipelines. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wang S (2017) Experimental Investigations of the Critical Flowback Velocity for Various Types of Proppant in Hydraulic-Fracturing Fluids with Different Viscosities. Doctoral dissertation, University of Louisiana

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Eligon J, Nolan K (2016) Angry After Milwaukee Police Shooting, Protesters Turn Against News Media, Too. New York Times A8

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Todes 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Rohatgi and Scott 2008; Todes 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Rohatgi and Scott 2008)
  • Three or more authors: (Ying et al. 2013)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Software Engineering Research and Development
AbbreviationJ. Softw. Eng. Res. Dev.
ISSN (online)2195-1721

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