How to format your references using the Journal of Software Engineering Research and Development citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Software Engineering Research and Development. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Randolph GJ (2011) Immunology. No need to coax monocytes. Science 332:1268–1269
A journal article with 2 authors
Gompel N, Carroll SB (2003) Genetic mechanisms and constraints governing the evolution of correlated traits in drosophilid flies. Nature 424:931–935
A journal article with 3 authors
Wörsdörfer B, Woycechowsky KJ, Hilvert D (2011) Directed evolution of a protein container. Science 331:589–592
A journal article with 5 or more authors
de Riedmatten H, Afzelius M, Staudt MU, et al (2008) A solid-state light-matter interface at the single-photon level. Nature 456:773–777

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Zhang KQT (2015) Wireless Communications. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Ammari K (2015) Stabilization of Elastic Systems by Collocated Feedback. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Asakawa Y, Ludwiczuk A, Nagashima F (2013) Chemical Constituents of Bryophyta. In: Ludwiczuk A, Nagashima F (eds) Chemical Constituents of Bryophytes: Bio- and Chemical Diversity, Biological Activity, and Chemosystematics. Springer, Vienna, pp 563–605

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Software Engineering Research and Development.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Weathermen Of Westeros: Does The Climate In Game Of Thrones Make Sense? In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1993) Charter Bus Service: Local Factors Determine Effectiveness of Federal Regulation. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Flores D (2014) The EastSide Café: A liberated learning zone. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barker K, Shah PZ, Goldstein J, Silver-Greenberg J (2016) From Class Clown to Manhattan Bomb Suspect. New York Times A1

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Randolph 2011).
This sentence cites two references (Gompel and Carroll 2003; Randolph 2011).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Gompel and Carroll 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (de Riedmatten et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Software Engineering Research and Development
AbbreviationJ. Softw. Eng. Res. Dev.
ISSN (online)2195-1721

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