How to format your references using the International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Fuhrman JA (2009) Microbial community structure and its functional implications. Nature 459:193–199
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu Z, Xiao TS (2015) STRUCTURAL BIOLOGY. Assembling the wheel of death. Science 350:376–377
A journal article with 3 authors
Dalli J, Colas RA, Serhan CN (2013) Novel n-3 immunoresolvents: structures and actions. Sci Rep 3:1940
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Kiernan AE, Pelling AL, Leung KKH, et al (2005) Sox2 is required for sensory organ development in the mammalian inner ear. Nature 434:1031–1035

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Agung IGN (2011) Cross Section and Experimental Data Analysis Using Eviews. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore
An edited book
Verbelen J-P, Vissenberg K (eds) (2007) The Expanding Cell. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Mace RR (2009) Intelligence, Dataveillance, and Information Privacy. In: Gal CS, Kantor PB, Lesk ME (eds) Protecting Persons While Protecting the People: Second Annual Workshop on Information Privacy and National Security, ISIPS 2008, New Brunswick, NJ, USA, May 12, 2008. Revised Selected Papers. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 34–44

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology.

Blog post
Carpineti A (2016) Chaotic Orbit Of Halley’s Comet Explained. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1992) Airline Competition: Industry Competitive and Financial Problems. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Fisher E (2012) Suffering God. Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schwartz J (2017) Exxon Misled the Public on the Risks of Climate Change, a Study Says. New York Times B7

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Fuhrman 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Fuhrman 2009; Liu and Xiao 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Xiao 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Kiernan et al. 2005)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. (Tehran)
ISSN (print)1735-1472
ISSN (online)1735-2630
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering

Other styles