How to format your references using the International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Nasrallah JB (2002) Recognition and rejection of self in plant reproduction. Science 296:305–308
A journal article with 2 authors
van Opstal EJ, Bordenstein SR (2015) MICROBIOME. Rethinking heritability of the microbiome. Science 349:1172–1173
A journal article with 3 authors
Inoue M, Tanimoto M, Oda Y (2013) The role of ear stone size in hair cell acoustic sensory transduction. Sci Rep 3:2114
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Xie L, Miller LM, Chatterjee C, et al (2004) Lacticin 481: in vitro reconstitution of lantibiotic synthetase activity. Science 303:679–681

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Bannwarth H (2005) Liquid Ring Vacuum Pumps, Compressors and Systems. Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim, FRG
An edited book
Borchardt D, Bogardi JJ, Ibisch RB (eds) (2016) Integrated Water Resources Management: Concept, Research and Implementation. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Atkinson RJ, Rokas A, Stone GN (2007) Longitudinal patterns in species richness and genetic diversity in European oaks and oak gallwasps. In: Weiss S, Ferrand N (eds) Phylogeography of Southern European Refugia: Evolutionary perspectives on the origins and conservation of European biodiversity. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, pp 127–151

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrews R (2016) Court Rules That Kids Can Sue US Government Over Climate Change. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (1976) Stronger Measures Needed To Insure That Medical Diathermy Devices Are Safe and Effective. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Wright C (2010) A quantitative study of retirement knowledge among Spring 2009 Arizona high school graduates. Doctoral dissertation, University of Phoenix

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Johnson G (2013) What Made Him Tick. New York Times BR22

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Nasrallah 2002).
This sentence cites two references (Nasrallah 2002; van Opstal and Bordenstein 2015).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (van Opstal and Bordenstein 2015)
  • Three or more authors: (Xie et al. 2004)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. (Tehran)
ISSN (print)1735-1472
ISSN (online)1735-2630
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering

Other styles