How to format your references using the International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Raymond JC (2004) Astronomy. Imaging the Sun’s eruptions in three dimensions. Science 305:49–50
A journal article with 2 authors
Ting AY, Endy D (2002) Signal transduction. Decoding NF-kappaB signaling. Science 298:1189–1190
A journal article with 3 authors
Naya Y, Yoshida M, Miyashita Y (2001) Backward spreading of memory-retrieval signal in the primate temporal cortex. Science 291:661–664
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Miller EJ, Li J, Leng L, et al (2008) Macrophage migration inhibitory factor stimulates AMP-activated protein kinase in the ischaemic heart. Nature 451:578–582

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schaik CPV (2015) The Primate Origins of Human Nature. John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Murty KG (ed) (2015) Case Studies in Operations Research: Applications of Optimal Decision Making. Springer, New York, NY
A chapter in an edited book
Stroo HF, Norris RD (2009) Alternatives For In Situ Bioremediation Of Perchlorate. In: Borden RC, Coates JD, Cox EE, et al. (eds) In Situ Bioremediation of Perchlorate in Groundwater. Springer, New York, NY, pp 79–90

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2014) A Biologist’s St. Patrick’s Day Song. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2010) Telecommunications: Information on Participation in the Rural Health Care Pilot Program (GAO-11-25SP, November 2010), an E-supplement to GAO-11-27. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dickson B (2008) Yielding architecture: A manifesto for [urban + agri]culture. Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey G (2010) Here’s the Kicker: He Was Suddenly A Punter, Too. New York Times SP3

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Raymond 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Ting and Endy 2002; Raymond 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Ting and Endy 2002)
  • Three or more authors: (Miller et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. (Tehran)
ISSN (print)1735-1472
ISSN (online)1735-2630
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering

Other styles