How to format your references using the International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pain E (2005) The class of 2005. Belgium: a particle physicist on track. Science 310:521
A journal article with 2 authors
Hewak D, Gholipour B (2012) Materials science. Primed to remember. Science 336:1515–1516
A journal article with 3 authors
Whitney D, Westwood DA, Goodale MA (2003) The influence of visual motion on fast reaching movements to a stationary object. Nature 423:869–873
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Okamoto H, Fukushima M, Teismann H, et al (2014) Constraint-induced sound therapy for sudden sensorineural hearing loss--behavioral and neurophysiological outcomes. Sci Rep 4:3927

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Graham C (2014) Markov Chains: Analytic and Monte Carlo Computations. John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK
An edited book
Demetrescu C (ed) (2007) Experimental Algorithms: 6th International Workshop, WEA 2007, Rome, Italy, June 6-8, 2007. Proceedings. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg
A chapter in an edited book
Jung HH (2008) Update on McLeod Syndrome. In: Walker RH, Saiki S, Danek A (eds) Neuroacanthocytosis Syndromes II. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, pp 53–58

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology.

Blog post
Davis J (2015) Researchers Eavesdrop On Arctic Whales To Learn Their Movements. In: IFLScience. Accessed 30 Oct 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2012) NASA: Assessments of Selected Large-Scale Projects. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Denny HM (2012) Impact of Occupational Health Interventions in Indonesia. Doctoral dissertation, University of South Florida

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Pilon M (2013) Races End Fees to Top Runners, Drawing Outcry. New York Times B12

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Pain 2005).
This sentence cites two references (Pain 2005; Hewak and Gholipour 2012).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hewak and Gholipour 2012)
  • Three or more authors: (Okamoto et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. (Tehran)
ISSN (print)1735-1472
ISSN (online)1735-2630
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering

Other styles