How to format your references using the International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Whitney B (2009) Astronomy. Forming massive stars. Science 323:719–720
A journal article with 2 authors
Dynek JN, Smith S (2004) Resolution of sister telomere association is required for progression through mitosis. Science 304:97–100
A journal article with 3 authors
Gallop JL, Butler PJG, McMahon HT (2005) Endophilin and CtBP/BARS are not acyl transferases in endocytosis or Golgi fission. Nature 438:675–678
A journal article with 5 or more authors
Campbell M, Sharp DN, Harrison MT, et al (2000) Fabrication of photonic crystals for the visible spectrum by holographic lithography. Nature 404:53–56

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Stahl S (2011) Real Analysis. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ
An edited book
Ganguly S, Krishnamurti R (eds) (2015) Algorithms and Discrete Applied Mathematics: First International Conference, CALDAM 2015, Kanpur, India, February 8-10, 2015. Proceedings. Springer International Publishing, Cham
A chapter in an edited book
Liu H, Silva EA, Wang Q (2015) The Foundation for Agent-Based Modelling: Empirical Evidence of Creative Industries’ Interactions with Urban Land Use in Nanjing. In: Silva EA, Wang Q (eds) Creative Industries and Urban Spatial Structure: Agent-based Modelling of the Dynamics in Nanjing. Springer International Publishing, Cham, pp 53–100

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for International Journal of Environmental Science and Technology.

Blog post
Andrew E (2015) Dwarf Galaxies Feel The Blast From Larger Neighbours. In: IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/space/dwarf-galaxies-feel-blast-larger-neighbours/. Accessed 30 Oct 2018

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office (2001) Airline Competition: Issues Raised by Consolidation Proposals. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Hill JA (2012) Classical three-body systems and the Kolmogorov-Arnold-Moser theorem. Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Tomasky M (2017) A Bad Deal for Democrats. New York Times A27

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Whitney 2009).
This sentence cites two references (Dynek and Smith 2004; Whitney 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Dynek and Smith 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Campbell et al. 2000)

About the journal

Full journal titleInternational Journal of Environmental Science and Technology
AbbreviationInt. J. Environ. Sci. Technol. (Tehran)
ISSN (print)1735-1472
ISSN (online)1735-2630
ScopeGeneral Agricultural and Biological Sciences
Environmental Chemistry
Environmental Engineering

Other styles