How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Rheumatology (JCR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Rachman S. Cleaning damned spots from the obsessive mind. Nature. 2013;503:7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Thoroughman KA, Shadmehr R. Learning of action through adaptive combination of motor primitives. Nature. 2000;407:742-747.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cho G, Wu Y, Ackerman JL. Detection of hydroxyl ions in bone mineral by solid-state NMR spectroscopy. Science. 2003;300:1123-1127.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Iverson NR, Cohen D, Hooyer TS, et al. Effects of basal debris on glacier flow. Science. 2003;301:81-84.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Dimitriadis G. Introduction to Nonlinear Aeroelasticity. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2017.
An edited book
1.
Smith WR, Stahel PF, eds. Management of Musculoskeletal Injuries in the Trauma Patient. New York, NY: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Sprake J. Traits of the Tour and Tour-Guide. In: Sprake J, ed. Learning-Through-Touring: Mobilising Learners and Touring Technologies to Creatively Explore the Built Environment. Rotterdam: SensePublishers; 2012:81-145.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Rheumatology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Wolf Howling. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/wolf-howling/. Published October 2, 2013 Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Department of Education: Key Aspects of the Federal Direct Loan Program’s Cost Estimates. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Bravo J. Project Share: Implementing an aftercare program for recovering adolescents: A grant proposal. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Qiu L. On What He Really Said, and Whom He Is Blaming for It. New York Times. March 24, 2017:A13.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Rheumatology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Rheumatol.
ISSN (print)1076-1608
ISSN (online)1536-7355
ScopeRheumatology

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