How to format your references using the Journal of Clinical Rheumatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Clinical Rheumatology (JCR). For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Walsh RW. Astronomy. How is the solar corona heated? Science. 2005;307:51-53.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Muotri AR, Gage FH. Generation of neuronal variability and complexity. Nature. 2006;441:1087-1093.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Cohen M, Shavit R, Zalevsky Z. Observing optical plasmons on a single nanometer scale. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4096.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Schneider ME, Belyantseva IA, Azevedo RB, Kachar B. Rapid renewal of auditory hair bundles. Nature. 2002;418:837-838.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Linder B. Thermodynamics and Introductory Statistical Mechanics. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2004.
An edited book
1.
Ward AC, ed. STAT Inhibitors in Cancer. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Vrousgou OT, Psomopoulos FE, Mitkas PA. A Grid-Enabled Modular Framework for Efficient Sequence Analysis Workflows. In: Iliadis L, Jayne C, eds. Engineering Applications of Neural Networks: 16th International Conference, EANN 2015, Rhodes, Greece, September 25-28 2015.Proceedings. Communications in Computer and Information Science. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:47-56.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Clinical Rheumatology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. New Species of Hammerhead Shark Confirmed. IFLScience. Available at: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/new-species-hammerhead-shark-confirmed/. Published November 8, 2013 Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Natural Gas Regulation: Pipeline Transportation Under FERC Order 436. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1987.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Baghdadi M. A comparison of gender representation in English (EFL) and Arabic (AFL) textbooks in Iran: A critical discourse analysis. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kishkovsky S. Russian Writer, Facing Charges, Warns Free Expression Is at Risk. New York Times. July 16, 2002:A7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Clinical Rheumatology
AbbreviationJ. Clin. Rheumatol.
ISSN (print)1076-1608
ISSN (online)1536-7355
ScopeRheumatology

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