How to format your references using the Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Hyman SE. A glimmer of light for neuropsychiatric disorders. Nature. 2008;455(7215):890-893.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Orkin SH, Higgs DR. Medicine. Sickle cell disease at 100 years. Science. 2010;329(5989):291-292.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Zhu L, Ploessl K, Kung HF. Chemistry. Expanding the scope of fluorine tags for PET imaging. Science. 2013;342(6157):429-430.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Zhu P, Chen Y-J, Hao J-H, et al. Maternal depressive symptoms related to Epstein-Barr virus reactivation in late pregnancy. Sci Rep. 2013;3:3096.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Cunningham V. Victorian Poetry Now. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
1.
Jezic G, Kusek M, Nguyen N-T, Howlett RJ, Jain LC, eds. Agent and Multi-Agent Systems. Technologies and Applications: 6th KES International Conference, KES-AMSTA 2012,Dubrovnik, Croatia, June 25-27, 2012. Proceedings. Vol 7327. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Imbert P. Multiple Multiculturalisms: Resentment, Religion and Liberalism. In: Mansouri F, ed. Cultural, Religious and Political Contestations: The Multicultural Challenge. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015:49-67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Chemistry Set Pencils Can Turn Life-Saving Tests Into Child’s Play. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/chemistry/chemistry-set-pencils-can-turn-life-saving-tests-child-s-play/. Published April 16, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Federal Air Marshal Service: Actions Needed to Better Incorporate Risk in Deployment Strategy. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2016.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Wilkerson MR. The Relationship Between Caring School Community Program Implementation and Elementary Student Achievement. 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Kenigsberg B. Look & See: A Portrait of Wendell Berry. New York Times. June 29, 2017:C8.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
AbbreviationCell. Mol. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)2352-345X
Scope

Other styles