How to format your references using the Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Smaglik P. Making it big in Taiwan. Nature. 2007;446(7136):696-697.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Bartlett DH, Azam F. Microbiology. Chitin, cholera, and competence. Science. 2005;310(5755):1775-1777.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bongard J, Zykov V, Lipson H. Resilient machines through continuous self-modeling. Science. 2006;314(5802):1118-1121.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Thilker DA, Donovan J, Schiminovich D, et al. Massive star formation within the Leo “primordial” ring. Nature. 2009;457(7232):990-993.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Bai Y. Practical Database Programming with Visual C#.NET. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2010.
An edited book
1.
Leitner G, Hitz M, Holzinger A, eds. HCI in Work and Learning, Life and Leisure: 6th Symposium of the Workgroup Human-Computer Interaction and Usability Engineering, USAB 2010, Klagenfurt, Austria, November 4-5, 2010. Proceedings. Vol 6389. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
de Vries MFRK, Korotov K. Transformational Executive Programs: An Owner’s Manual. In: Vries MFRK de, Korotov K, Florent-Treacy E, Rook C, eds. Coach and Couch: The Psychology of Making Better Leaders. London: Palgrave Macmillan UK; 2016:67-85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology.

Blog post
1.
Davis J. Norwegian Hikers Encouraged To Collect Bear Poop. IFLScience. https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/norwegian-hikers-encouraged-collect-bear-poop/. Published September 26, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. School Nutrition: USDA Has Efforts Underway to Help Address Ongoing Challenges Implementing Changes in Nutrition Standards. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2015.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Moore J. Recall after conscious sedation for gastrointestinal endoscopic procedures and its effect on patient satisfaction. 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Williams J. Journalists In Australia Stage Strike Over Job Cuts. New York Times. May 3, 2017:A6.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleCellular and Molecular Gastroenterology and Hepatology
AbbreviationCell. Mol. Gastroenterol. Hepatol.
ISSN (print)2352-345X
Scope

Other styles