How to format your references using the Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
J. Rizo, Cell biology. Staging membrane fusion, Science. 337 (2012) 1300–1301.
A journal article with 2 authors
J.M. Pandolfi, C.E. Lovelock, Ecology. Novelty trumps loss in global biodiversity, Science. 344 (2014) 266–267.
A journal article with 3 authors
H. Jiang, B.E. Stein, J.G. McHaffie, Opposing basal ganglia processes shape midbrain visuomotor activity bilaterally, Nature. 423 (2003) 982–986.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
F. Ferretti, G.C. Osio, C.J. Jenkins, A.A. Rosenberg, H.K. Lotze, Long-term change in a meso-predator community in response to prolonged and heterogeneous human impact, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 1057.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R. Eligehausen, R. Mallée, J.F. Silva, Anchorage in Concrete Construction, Ernst & Sohn Verlag für Architektur und technische Wissenschaften GmbH & Co. KG, Berlin, Germany, 2012.
An edited book
J. Akiyama, Factors and Factorizations of Graphs: Proof Techniques in Factor Theory, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
A. van Barneveld, P.A. Ertmer, Implementing Problem-Oriented Pedagogies in Engineering Education: Examination of Tensions and Drivers, in: M. Orey, S.A. Jones, R.M. Branch (Eds.), Educational Media and Technology Yearbook: Volume 38, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2014: pp. 47–67.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Three Things We Have To Crack Before We Can Find Any Cures For Alzheimer’s, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Medicare Automated Systems: Weaknesses in Managing Information Technology Hinder Fight Against Fraud and Abuse, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1997.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
K.J. McKinley, Exploring the efficiency and effectiveness of teacher selection tools: The effects on the total group with a focus on the experience sub-groups, Doctoral dissertation, Lindenwood University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Bartlett, Don’t Use My Tax Plan, New York Times. (2016) A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
AbbreviationMutat. Res. Genet. Toxicol. Environ. Mutagen.
ISSN (print)1383-5718
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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