How to format your references using the Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
S.S. Stahl, Chemistry. Palladium-catalyzed oxidation of organic chemicals with O2, Science. 309 (2005) 1824–1826.
A journal article with 2 authors
R.S. Oremland, J.F. Stolz, The ecology of arsenic, Science. 300 (2003) 939–944.
A journal article with 3 authors
R. Richards-Kortum, L.V. Gray, M. Oden, IBI* series winner. Engaging undergraduates in global health technology innovation, Science. 336 (2012) 430–431.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Y. Zhou, S.-T. Han, P. Sonar, V.A.L. Roy, Nonvolatile multilevel data storage memory device from controlled ambipolar charge trapping mechanism, Sci. Rep. 3 (2013) 2319.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
W. Yan, Crop Variety Trials, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2014.
An edited book
A. Vastola, ed., The Sustainability of Agro-Food and Natural Resource Systems in the Mediterranean Basin, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
T.-G. Lee, G.-S. Chung, A Scalable Link Model for Local Optical Wireless Networks, in: L. Xu, E. Bertino, Y. Mu (Eds.), Network and System Security: 6th International Conference, NSS 2012, Wuyishan, Fujian, China, November 21-23, 2012. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2012: pp. 44–57.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis.

Blog post
R. Andrews, Yellowstone’s Old Faithful Geyser Is Currently Erupting Snow, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, U.S.-Japan Cooperative Development: Progress on FS-X Program Enhances Japanese Aerospace Capabilities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
J. Ivy, The Psychological Effect of Parental Incarceration on School-Age Children, Doctoral dissertation, Pacifica Graduate Institute, 2011.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
L. Greenhouse, On the Wrong Side of 5 to 4, Liberals Talk Tactics, New York Times. (2007) WK3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
AbbreviationMutat. Res. Genet. Toxicol. Environ. Mutagen.
ISSN (print)1383-5718
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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