How to format your references using the Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A. Abbott, Science in culture: Visual zoology. Historical wall charts found in Pavia, Nature. 421 (2003) 580.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Panning, B. Romanowicz, Inferences on flow at the base of Earth’s mantle based on seismic anisotropy, Science. 303 (2004) 351–353.
A journal article with 3 authors
A.J. Nederbragt, A.E. van Loon, W.J.A.G. Dictus, Evolutionary biology: hedgehog crosses the snail’s midline, Nature. 417 (2002) 811–812.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
T.H. DeLuca, O. Zackrisson, M.-C. Nilsson, A. Sellstedt, Quantifying nitrogen-fixation in feather moss carpets of boreal forests, Nature. 419 (2002) 917–920.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
F. Huang, R. Klette, K. Scheibe, Panoramic Imaging, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2008.
An edited book
A. Lendlein, ed., Shape-Memory Polymers, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010.
A chapter in an edited book
UNEP, Aid for Trade for Sustainable Development, in: P.D. Lombaerde, L. Puri (Eds.), Aid for Trade: Global and Regional Perspectives: 2007 World Report on Regional Integration, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2009: pp. 87–98.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis.

Blog post
E. Andrew, The Palaeolithic Diet And The Unprovable Links To Our Past, IFLScience. (2014).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Information Technology: Demand for the Social Security Administration’s Electronic Data Exchanges Is Growing and Presents Future Challenges, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
B.G. Baggio, Integrating social software into blended -learning courses: A Delphi study of instructional -design processes, Doctoral dissertation, Capella University, 2008.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J. Wagner, Cespedes Serves as Grand Marshal in the Mets’ Home Run Parade, New York Times. (2017) B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
AbbreviationMutat. Res. Genet. Toxicol. Environ. Mutagen.
ISSN (print)1383-5718
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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