How to format your references using the Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
V. Díaz, Researchers without frontiers, Nature. 446 (2007) 466.
A journal article with 2 authors
A.R. Dixon, H. Sato, High speed and adaptable error correction for megabit/s rate quantum key distribution, Sci. Rep. 4 (2014) 7275.
A journal article with 3 authors
D.C. Pregibon, M. Toner, P.S. Doyle, Multifunctional encoded particles for high-throughput biomolecule analysis, Science. 315 (2007) 1393–1396.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
S. Dumont, W. Cheng, V. Serebrov, R.K. Beran, I. Tinoco Jr, A.M. Pyle, C. Bustamante, RNA translocation and unwinding mechanism of HCV NS3 helicase and its coordination by ATP, Nature. 439 (2006) 105–108.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
E. Knuth, Trading Between the Lines, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2011.
An edited book
K.A. Pitt, C.H. Lucas, eds., Jellyfish Blooms, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Dobson, K. Delaney, K.M. Razeeb, S. Tsvetkov, A Co-designed Hardware/Software Architecture for Augmented Materials, in: T. Magedanz, A. Karmouch, S. Pierre, I. Venieris (Eds.), Mobility Aware Technologies and Applications: Second International Workshop, MATA 2005, Montreal, Canada, October 17-19, 2005. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2005: pp. 43–53.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis.

Blog post
D. Andrew, Too Many Tabs – Why Some People Can Multitask Online And Others Can’t, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Department of Labor: Further Management Improvements Needed to Address Information Technology and Financial Controls, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S.W. Adelman, Early childhood nutritional responses to targeted food aid and social network disruptions in Ugandan internally displaced person’s camps, Doctoral dissertation, University of Maryland, College Park, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
S. Saulny, Lawyer Faces New Charges Of Giving Support to Terrorist, New York Times. (2003) B9.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
AbbreviationMutat. Res. Genet. Toxicol. Environ. Mutagen.
ISSN (print)1383-5718
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Other styles