How to format your references using the Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
G.K. Hubler, Fluff balls of fire, Nature. 403 (2000) 487–488.
A journal article with 2 authors
D.B. Karner, R.A. Muller, PALEOCLIMATE: A Causality Problem for Milankovitch, Science. 288 (2000) 2143–2144.
A journal article with 3 authors
C.V. Rao, D.M. Wolf, A.P. Arkin, Control, exploitation and tolerance of intracellular noise, Nature. 420 (2002) 231–237.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
P. Vukusic, J.R. Sambles, C.R. Lawrence, R.J. Wootton, Structural colour. Now you see it--now you don’t, Nature. 410 (2001) 36.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J. Bates, C. Gallon, M. Bocci, S. Walker, T. Taylor, Converged Multimedia Networks, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2006.
An edited book
R. Sinha, Correct-by-Construction Approaches for SoC Design, Springer, New York, NY, 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
D. Mohr, G. Zachmann, Silhouette Area Based Similarity Measure for Template Matching in Constant Time, in: F.J. Perales, R.B. Fisher (Eds.), Articulated Motion and Deformable Objects: 6th International Conference, AMDO 2010, Port d’Andratx, Mallorca, Spain, July 7-9, 2010. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2010: pp. 43–54.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Why Do Bluebirds Have A Better Home Turf Defence?, IFLScience. (2016). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Financial Education and Counseling Pilot Program, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
S. Banerjee, A mathematical model for the transition in firing patterns across puberty of a gonadotropin-releasing hormone neuron, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Mele, B. Shpigel, Former Jets Is Fatally Shot, New York Times. (2016) B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMutation Research - Genetic Toxicology and Environmental Mutagenesis
AbbreviationMutat. Res. Genet. Toxicol. Environ. Mutagen.
ISSN (print)1383-5718
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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