How to format your references using the Journal of Rare Earths citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Rare Earths. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:


PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Kolaja K. Drug discovery: computer model predicts side effects. Nature. 2012;486(7403):326-327.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Ghalambor CK, Martin TE. Fecundity-survival trade-offs and parental risk-taking in birds. Science. 2001;292(5516):494-497.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
D’Orazio DJ, Haiman Z, Schiminovich D. Relativistic boost as the cause of periodicity in a massive black-hole binary candidate. Nature. 2015;525(7569):351-353.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
De Nadal E, Zapater M, Alepuz PM, Sumoy L, Mas G, Posas F. The MAPK Hog1 recruits Rpd3 histone deacetylase to activate osmoresponsive genes. Nature. 2004;427(6972):370-374.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Zhang W, Shmulevich I, Astola J. Microarray Quality Control. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1.
Valderrabano V, Easley M, eds. Foot and Ankle Sports Orthopaedics. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Lejon A, Samaey G. Stochastic Modeling and Simulation Methods for Biological Processes: Overview. In: Geris L, Gomez-Cabrero D, eds. Uncertainty in Biology: A Computational Modeling Approach. Studies in Mechanobiology, Tissue Engineering and Biomaterials. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016:75-124.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Rare Earths.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Designer Microbes Might Be Coming To A Gut Near You. IFLScience.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Americans With Disabilities Act: Challenges Faced by Transit Agencies in Complying With the Act’s Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1994.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
McCafferty B. Chalk Talk. 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Wagner J. Bruce Finds His Swing by Studying the Stats. New York Times. March 21, 2017:B7.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Rare Earths
ISSN (print)1002-0721
Scope

Other styles