How to format your references using the Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Pendry JB. Time reversal and negative refraction. Science. 2008;322:71–3.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kramer EM, Donohue K. Evolution. Traversing the adaptive landscape in snapdragons. Science. 2006;313:924–5.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Schweinfest R, Paxton AT, Finnis MW. Bismuth embrittlement of copper is an atomic size effect. Nature. 2004;432:1008–11.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Favors Z, Wang W, Bay HH, George A, Ozkan M, Ozkan CS. Stable cycling of SiO₂ nanotubes as high-performance anodes for lithium-ion batteries. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4605.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Utsuro M, Ignatovich VK. Handbook of Neutron Optics. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2010.
An edited book
1. Azimova SS, Vinogradova VI, editors. Natural Compounds: Flavonoids. New York, NY: Springer; 2013.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Wong JL-N. THE EFFECTS OF LOCAL INTERPRETATION OF DECENTRALIZATION POLICY ON SCHOOL AUTONOMY IN GUANGDONG PROVINCE OF CHINA. In: Bjork C, editor. Educational Decentralization: Asian Experiences and Conceptual Contributions. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2006. p. 43–58.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics.

Blog post
1. Hale T. This Is What The Internet Looked Like In 1973 [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/this-is-what-the-internet-looked-like-in-1973/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: DLA Should Strengthen Business Systems Modernization Architecture and Investment Activities. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2001 Jun. Report No.: GAO-01-631.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Lavoie D. Ecotone [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2010.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Wagner J. A Washington Monument To Pitching’s Fickle Nature. New York Times. 2017 Sep 16;SP1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
AbbreviationCardiovasc. Interv. Ther.
ISSN (print)1868-4300
ISSN (online)1868-4297
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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