How to format your references using the Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Macilwain C. The unlikely wisdom of Chairman Mao. Nature. 2013;495:143.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Kilpivaara O, Aaltonen LA. Diagnostic cancer genome sequencing and the contribution of germline variants. Science. 2013;339:1559–62.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Ji M, Odelius M, Gaffney KJ. Large angular jump mechanism observed for hydrogen bond exchange in aqueous perchlorate solution. Science. 2010;328:1003–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Aathavan K, Politzer AT, Kaplan A, Moffitt JR, Chemla YR, Grimes S, et al. Substrate interactions and promiscuity in a viral DNA packaging motor. Nature. 2009;461:669–73.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Wang L, Tan KC. Modern Industrial Automation Software Design. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
1. Aoki T, Kanemitsu S, Nakahara M, Ohno Y, editors. Zeta Functions, Topology and Quantum Physics. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2005.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cimatti A, Griggio A, Mover S, Tonetta S. IC3 Modulo Theories via Implicit Predicate Abstraction. In: Ábrahám E, Havelund K, editors. Tools and Algorithms for the Construction and Analysis of Systems: 20th International Conference, TACAS 2014, Held as Part of the European Joint Conferences on Theory and Practice of Software, ETAPS 2014, Grenoble, France, April 5-13, 2014 Proceedings. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014. p. 46–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Time Might Be Running Backwards Inside Black Holes [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/physics/time-might-be-running-backwards-inside-black-holes-unfinished/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. OPM Retirement Modernization: Longstanding Information Technology Management Weaknesses Need to Be Addressed. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2011 Nov. Report No.: GAO-12-226T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Oteng Y. Enquête sur la Pluralité Culturelle: Identité et Marginalisation dans le Roman Francophone Colonial et Postcolonial (Chraïbi, Kane, Kourouma, Boudjedra, Ben Jelloun) [Doctoral dissertation]. [Cincinnati, OH]: University of Cincinnati; 2001.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Feeney K. Unusual Place for a Tent. New York Times. 2009 Sep 13;NJ15.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
AbbreviationCardiovasc. Interv. Ther.
ISSN (print)1868-4300
ISSN (online)1868-4297
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

Other styles