How to format your references using the Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Danger B. Don’t stop me now. Nature. 2007;445:334–5.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Sosdian S, Rosenthal Y. Deep-sea temperature and ice volume changes across the Pliocene-Pleistocene climate transitions. Science. 2009;325:306–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Baskin A, Sadeghpour HR, Král P. Correlated diskoid-like electronic states. Sci Rep. 2014;4:5913.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Lim Y-W, Steinhoff M, Girosi F, Holtzman D, Campbell H, Boer R, et al. Reducing the global burden of acute lower respiratory infections in children: the contribution of new diagnostics. Nature. 2006;444 Suppl 1:9–18.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Seeber P, Shander A. Basics of Blood Management. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell; 2012.
An edited book
1. Vidojkovic V. Adaptive Multi-Standard RF Front-Ends. Tang J van der, Leeuwenburgh A, Roermund A van, editors. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2008.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Rhee H, Park S, Sarapuloff SA, Han SW, Park JH. Frequency Tuning of a Wineglass Resonator Based on Acoustic Testing. In: Wee Sit E, editor. Sensors and Instrumentation, Volume 5: Proceedings of the 33rd IMAC, A Conference and Exposition on Structural Dynamics, 2015. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 31–5.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Cardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics.

Blog post
1. Bedell-Pearce H. Mysterious 15 Meter Sea Creature Found In Indonesia [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/mysterious-15-meter-sea-creature-found-in-indonesia-/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Environmental Protection Agency: Control of Air Pollution From New Motor Vehicles--Tier 2 Motor Vehicle Emissions Standards and Gasoline Sulfur Control Requirements. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2000 Feb. Report No.: OGC-00-22.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Verdi KC. What Does It Mean to Be a Service-Learning Teacher? - An Autoethnography [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Brantley B. Doomed Youth, Potent Despair. New York Times. 2017 Jul 11;C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleCardiovascular Intervention and Therapeutics
AbbreviationCardiovasc. Interv. Ther.
ISSN (print)1868-4300
ISSN (online)1868-4297
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging

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