How to format your references using the Pediatric Allergy and Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Siegel JM. Clues to the functions of mammalian sleep. Nature 2005: 437:1264–1271.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lyons JR, Young ED. CO self-shielding as the origin of oxygen isotope anomalies in the early solar nebula. Nature 2005: 435:317–320.
A journal article with 3 authors
Fedorov AV, Brierley CM, Emanuel K. Tropical cyclones and permanent El Niño in the early Pliocene epoch. Nature 2010: 463:1066–1070.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Lipford JR, Smith GT, Chi Y et al. A putative stimulatory role for activator turnover in gene expression. Nature 2005: 438:113–116.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ben-Daya M, Kumar U, Murthy DNP. Introduction to Maintenance Engineering. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2016
An edited book
López-Gracia ML. Left-Right Asymmetry in Vertebrate Development. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2007
A chapter in an edited book
Clarke I. The Role of Procurement and SGEI After Altmark. In: Szyszczak E, Gronden JW van de, eds. Financing Services of General Economic Interest: Reform and Modernization. The Hague, The Netherlands: T. M. C. Asser Press 2013: 69–84.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Allergy and Immunology.

Blog post
O`Callaghan J. List Of Habitable Planets Could Increase Thanks To New Magnetic Field Generation Model. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. National Airspace System: FAA Reauthorization Issues are Critical to System Transformation and Operations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 2009

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Briseno AR. Improving school performance through family involvement: A grant project. 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Cowen T. More Time to Unwind, Unless You’re a Woman. New York Times. 2016: :BU3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Allergy and Immunology
AbbreviationPediatr. Allergy Immunol.
ISSN (print)0905-6157
ISSN (online)1399-3038
Immunology and Allergy
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles