How to format your references using the Pediatric Allergy and Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Ohnaka M. Geophysics. Rupture in the laboratory. Science 2004: 303:1788–1789.
A journal article with 2 authors
Akbalik G, Schuman EM. Molecular biology. mRNA, live and unmasked. Science 2014: 343:375–376.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hägglund C, Grätzel M, Kasemo B. Comment on ‘efficient photochemical water splitting by a chemically modified n-TiO2’ (II). Science 2003: 301:1673; discussion 1673.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Di Rienzo C, Jacchetti E, Cardarelli F et al. Unveiling LOX-1 receptor interplay with nanotopography: mechanotransduction and atherosclerosis onset. Sci Rep 2013: 3:1141.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Pahl J. Interference Analysis. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd 2016
An edited book
Somayajulu DRS, Lieb K-P, eds. IWNMS 2004: Proceedings of the International Workshop on Nanomaterials, Magnetic Ions and Magnetic Semiconductors Studied Mostly by Hyperfine Interactions (IWNMS 2004) held in Baroda, India, 10–14 February 2004. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2005
A chapter in an edited book
Jha P, Bora PS, Sohn J-H et al. Complement System and the Eye. In: Lambris JD, ed. Current Topics in Complement. Boston, MA: Springer US 2006: 53–62.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Allergy and Immunology.

Blog post
Evans K. Planet Earth Has Over 60,000 Species Of Trees, Reveals New Global Database. IFLScience. 2017. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. DOD Systems Modernization: Continued Investment in the Standard Procurement System Has Not Been Justified. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 2001

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turney JJ. Police supervisory attributes that influence attitude towards Critical Incident Stress Management programs. 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Conte L. Scouting Report. New York Times. 2011: :E4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Allergy and Immunology
AbbreviationPediatr. Allergy Immunol.
ISSN (print)0905-6157
ISSN (online)1399-3038
Immunology and Allergy
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles