How to format your references using the Pediatric Allergy and Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Pockley P. Funding bonanza for astronomy and biotech in Australia. Nature 2001: 412:846.
A journal article with 2 authors
Raddick MJ, Szalay AS. SPORE series winner. The universe online. Science 2010: 329:1028–1029.
A journal article with 3 authors
Lukens JM, Leaird DE, Weiner AM. A temporal cloak at telecommunication data rate. Nature 2013: 498:205–208.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wang Z, Yao Y, Wang X et al. Bending-induced electromechanical coupling and large piezoelectric response in a micromachined diaphragm. Sci Rep 2013: 3:3127.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Vacca JR. Optical Networking Best Practices Handbook. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 2006
An edited book
Cui B, Zhang N, Xu J et al., eds. Web-Age Information Management: 17th International Conference, WAIM 2016, Nanchang, China, June 3-5, 2016, Proceedings, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing 2016
A chapter in an edited book
Coleman CM, Gelais CS, Wu L. Cellular and Viral Mechanisms of HIV-1 Transmission Mediated by Dendritic Cells. In: Wu L, Schwartz O, eds. HIV Interactions with Dendritic Cells: Infection and Immunity. New York, NY: Springer 2013: 109–130.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Allergy and Immunology.

Blog post
Fang J. Bluebirds Shout Their Songs When it Gets Noisy. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Test and Evaluation: DOD Has Been Slow In Improving Testing of Software-Intensive Systems. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 1993

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Coyle M. Pre-Service School Counselor’s Perception of Professional Identity Development During Internship. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner J. Mets’ Leadoff Hitter Technically Is Not Missing, but His Bat Has Vanished. New York Times. 2017: :SP3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Allergy and Immunology
AbbreviationPediatr. Allergy Immunol.
ISSN (print)0905-6157
ISSN (online)1399-3038
Immunology and Allergy
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles