How to format your references using the Pediatric Allergy and Immunology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Pediatric Allergy and Immunology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mulder B. Developmental biology. On growth and force. Science 2008: 322:1643–1644.
A journal article with 2 authors
Walczyk T, von Blanckenburg F. Natural iron isotope variations in human blood. Science 2002: 295:2065–2066.
A journal article with 3 authors
Putnam CD, Hayes TK, Kolodner RD. Specific pathways prevent duplication-mediated genome rearrangements. Nature 2009: 460:984–989.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Genbacev OD, Prakobphol A, Foulk RA et al. Trophoblast L-selectin-mediated adhesion at the maternal-fetal interface. Science 2003: 299:405–408.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Morocco CC, Aguilar CM, Bershad C et al. Supported Literacy for Adolescents. San Francisco, CA, USA: Jossey-Bass 2008
An edited book
Herman JM, Pawlik TM, Thomas CR Jr, eds. Biliary Tract and Gallbladder Cancer: A Multidisciplinary Approach. 2nd ed. 2014. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2014
A chapter in an edited book
Gilbert HD, Pack DJ, McGuirk JS. A Comparative Study of Target Localization Methods for Large GDOP. In: Grundel D, Murphey R, Pardalos P, et al., eds. Cooperative Systems: Control and Optimization. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer 2007: 67–78.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Pediatric Allergy and Immunology.

Blog post
Andrew E. Vaccine Provides Broad Protection Against The Flu In Mice. IFLScience. 2015. (accessed 30 Oct2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. ADP Acquisition: Air Force Logistics System Modernization Projects. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office 1989

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Gade S. Design and Implementation of Hybrid Hyperchaotic Sequences for Chaos-Based Communication Systems. 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Greenhouse L. Supreme Court to Revisit Federal Sentencing Issues. New York Times. 2006: :A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (1).
This sentence cites two references (1,2).
This sentence cites four references (1–4).

About the journal

Full journal titlePediatric Allergy and Immunology
AbbreviationPediatr. Allergy Immunol.
ISSN (print)0905-6157
ISSN (online)1399-3038
Immunology and Allergy
Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Other styles