How to format your references using the Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.K.A. Barnes, Biodiversity: invasions by marine life on plastic debris, Nature. 416 (2002) 808–809.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Tobisu, N. Chatani, Chemistry. Remote control by steric effects, Science. 343 (2014) 850–851.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.E.E. Madden, R.J. Bodnar, J.D. Rimstidt, Jarosite as an indicator of water-limited chemical weathering on Mars, Nature. 431 (2004) 821–823.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
D.E. Angelaki, A.G. Shaikh, A.M. Green, J.D. Dickman, Neurons compute internal models of the physical laws of motion, Nature. 430 (2004) 560–564.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
M. Hamdan, P.G. Righetti, Proteomics Today, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
C. Deng, L. Ma, W. Lin, K.N. Ngan, eds., Visual Signal Quality Assessment: Quality of Experience (QoE), Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
K. Takeda, H. Hemmi, S. Akira, Mechanism for Recognition of CpG DNA, in: C.J. Hackett, D.A. Harn (Eds.), Vaccine Adjuvants: Immunological and Clinical Principles, Humana Press, Totowa, NJ, 2006: pp. 69–86.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis.

Blog post
J. Davis, Honeybees Make Adorable “Whooping” Noise When They Get Startled, IFLScience. (2017).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Department of Education: Improved Oversight and Controls Could Help Education Better Respond to Evolving Priorities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2011.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
R. Roy, “Jagoron: Awakening” to Gender in Non Governmental Organizations in Contemporary Bengal, Doctoral dissertation, Ohio State University, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Mueller, A.L. Baker, A Grim Measure of Equality for Women in Blue, New York Times. (2017) A1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
AbbreviationMutat. Res.
ISSN (print)0027-5107
Molecular Biology
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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