How to format your references using the Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
A.N. Halliday, Planetary science. The origin of the Moon, Science. 338 (2012) 1040–1041.
A journal article with 2 authors
L. Tsai, G. Barnea, A critical period defined by axon-targeting mechanisms in the murine olfactory bulb, Science. 344 (2014) 197–200.
A journal article with 3 authors
T.-H. Lee, S. Bhunia, M. Mehregany, Electromechanical computing at 500 degrees C with silicon carbide, Science. 329 (2010) 1316–1318.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.L. Burch, J. Goldstein, W.S. Lewis, D.T. Young, A.J. Coates, M.K. Dougherty, N. André, Tethys and Dione as sources of outward-flowing plasma in Saturn’s magnetosphere, Nature. 447 (2007) 833–835.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
R.C. Webb, Tele-Visionaries, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ, 2005.
An edited book
S. Bräse, ed., Combinatorial Chemistry on Solid Supports, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
A.N. Ghazi, K. Petersen, J. Börstler, Heterogeneous Systems Testing Techniques: An Exploratory Survey, in: D. Winkler, S. Biffl, J. Bergsmann (Eds.), Software Quality. Software and Systems Quality in Distributed and Mobile Environments: 7th International Conference, SWQD 2015, Vienna, Austria, January 20-23, 2015, Proceedings, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2015: pp. 67–85.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis.

Blog post
E. Andrew, Brain-Eating Amoeba Strikes The U.S. Again, IFLScience. (2015).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Intermodal Transportation: Potential Strategies Would Redefine Federal Role in Developing Airport Intermodal Capabilities, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 2005.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
P.M. McGrath, Mental Health Parity and Addiction Equity Act of 2008: A policy analysis, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2013.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
B. Brantley, Banality and Trouble? They’re Neighbors, New York Times. (2016) C1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
AbbreviationMutat. Res.
ISSN (print)0027-5107
Molecular Biology
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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