How to format your references using the Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
D.R. Shelly, Periodic, chaotic, and doubled earthquake recurrence intervals on the deep San Andreas fault, Science. 328 (2010) 1385–1388.
A journal article with 2 authors
K.-M. Chou, Y.-C. Cheng, An exonucleolytic activity of human apurinic/apyrimidinic endonuclease on 3’ mispaired DNA, Nature. 415 (2002) 655–659.
A journal article with 3 authors
R.N. Melchor, R. Buchwaldt, S. Bowring, A Late Eocene date for Late Triassic bird tracks, Nature. 495 (2013) E1-2.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
J.R. Abo-Shaeer, C. Raman, J.M. Vogels, W. Ketterle, Observation of vortex lattices in Bose-Einstein condensates, Science. 292 (2001) 476–479.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
D. Ralph, P. Graham, MMS: Technologies, Usage and Business Models, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2004.
An edited book
E. Cuevas, Applications of Evolutionary Computation in Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, Springer International Publishing, Cham, 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
A. Fleige, A Necessary Aspect of the Generalized Beals Condition for the Riesz Basis Property of Indefinite Sturm-Liouville Problems, in: K.-H. Förster, P. Jonas, H. Langer, C. Trunk (Eds.), Operator Theory in Inner Product Spaces, Birkhäuser, Basel, 2007: pp. 89–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis.

Blog post
S. Luntz, Potential Oldest Fossils Found Around Ancient Hydrothermal Vents, IFLScience. (2017). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Earth Observing System: Broader Involvement of the EOSDIS User Community Is Needed, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1992.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H.P. Meghani, Med-Equip Solutions LLC: A wheelchair distributor company business plan, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
C. Kelly, For the Self-Employed, a Year-Round System Will Smooth Tax Time, New York Times. (2008) C4.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMutation Research - Fundamental and Molecular Mechanisms of Mutagenesis
AbbreviationMutat. Res.
ISSN (print)0027-5107
Molecular Biology
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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