How to format your references using the Clinical Neurophysiology citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Clinical Neurophysiology. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Breaker RR. Complex riboswitches. Science. 2008 Mar 28;319(5871):1795–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
Lu Q, Lemke G. Homeostatic regulation of the immune system by receptor tyrosine kinases of the Tyro 3 family. Science. 2001 Jul 13;293(5528):306–11.
A journal article with 3 authors
Martini IB, Barthel ER, Schwartz BJ. Optical control of electrons during electron transfer. Science. 2001 Jul 20;293(5529):462–5.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
Dentin R, Hedrick S, Xie J, Yates J 3rd, Montminy M. Hepatic glucose sensing via the CREB coactivator CRTC2. Science. 2008 Mar 7;319(5868):1402–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lee YS. Self-Assembly and Nanotechnology Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2011.
An edited book
Schmitz TL. Mechanical Vibrations: Modeling and Measurement. 1st ed. Smith KS, editor. Boston, MA: Springer US; 2012.
A chapter in an edited book
Limpert J, Eidam T, Baumgartl M, Röser F, Plötner M, Ortaç B, et al. Compact Ultrafast Oscillators and High Performance Ultrafast Amplifiers Based on Ytterbium-Doped Fibers. In: Nolte S, Schrempel F, Dausinger F, editors. Ultrashort Pulse Laser Technology: Laser Sources and Applications. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 75–91. (Springer Series in Optical Sciences).

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Clinical Neurophysiology.

Blog post
Andrew E. The Future Of Rail Travel, And Why It Doesn’t Look Like Hyperloop [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2015 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/technology/future-rail-travel-and-why-it-doesn-t-look-hyperloop/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Digital Television Transition: Increased Federal Planning and Risk Management Could Further Facilitate the DTV Transition. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2007 Nov. Report No.: GAO-08-43.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Song H. Systematics of Cyrtacanthacridinae (Orthoptera: Acrididae) with a Focus on the Genus Schistocerca Stål 1873: Evolution of Locust Phase Polyphenism and Study of Insect Genitalia [Doctoral dissertation]. [Columbus, OH]: Ohio State University; 2006.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Yablonsky L. NOW SHOWING | A MOVABLE FEAST. New York Times. 2008 Dec 7;M282.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Breaker 2008).
This sentence cites two references (Lu and Lemke 2001; Breaker 2008).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Lu and Lemke 2001)
  • Three or more authors: (Dentin et al. 2008)

About the journal

Full journal titleClinical Neurophysiology
AbbreviationClin. Neurophysiol.
ISSN (print)1388-2457
ScopeClinical Neurology
Physiology (medical)
Neurology
Sensory Systems

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