How to format your references using the Mutagenesis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mutagenesis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Eisenstein, M. (2006) Microarrays: quality control. Nature, 442,1067–1070.
A journal article with 2 authors
Kwon, O.-H. and Zewail, A.H. (2010) 4D electron tomography. Science, 328,1668–1673.
A journal article with 3 authors
Sun, T.-T., Tseng, S.C., and Lavker, R.M. (2010) Location of corneal epithelial stem cells. Nature, 463,E10-1; discussion E11.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Gittins, D.I., Bethell, D., Schiffrin, D.J., and Nichols, R.J. (2000) A nanometre-scale electronic switch consisting of a metal cluster and redox-addressable groups. Nature, 408,67–69.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Lam, J. (2014) Enterprise Risk Management. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Pulmonary Infection (2015). Pokorski M, editor Cham: Springer International Publishing. X, 87 p. 20 illus., 1 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Rao, K.R. and Paranjpe, A.C. (2016) Mind–Body Complex. In: Paranjpe AC, editor. Psychology in the Indian Tradition. New Delhi: Springer India. pp. 95–128.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mutagenesis.

Blog post
Fang, J. (2015) Newly Discovered Ant Virus May Help Control Global Invader. IFLScience,. Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1990) NASA ADP Procurement: Contracting and Market Share Information. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Das, A. (2013) Optimizing symbol timing, frequency spacing, and SNR estimation for communication systems [Doctoral dissertation]. La Jolla, CA: University of California San Diego.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Barron, J. (2017) The Paintings of an ‘Outsider’ Are (Finally) Revealed. New York Times,A17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMutagenesis
ISSN (print)0267-8357
ISSN (online)1464-3804
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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