How to format your references using the Mutagenesis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mutagenesis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Boyd, R.W. (2015) Nuclear physics: Neutrons with a twist. Nature, 525,462–464.
A journal article with 2 authors
Carrete, M. and Tella, J.L. (2013) High individual consistency in fear of humans throughout the adult lifespan of rural and urban burrowing owls. Sci. Rep., 3,3524.
A journal article with 3 authors
Silk, J.B., Alberts, S.C., and Altmann, J. (2003) Social bonds of female baboons enhance infant survival. Science, 302,1231–1234.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Baker, A.C., Starger, C.J., McClanahan, T.R., and Glynn, P.W. (2004) Coral reefs: corals’ adaptive response to climate change. Nature, 430,741.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Kurimoto, N., Fielding, D.I.K., and Musani, A.I. (2011) Endobronchial Ultrasonography. Oxford, UK: Wiley-Blackwell.
An edited book
Collaboration and Technology: 21st International Conference, CRIWG 2015, Yerevan, Armenia, September 22-25, 2015, Proceedings (2015). 1st ed. 2015. Baloian N, Zorian Y, Taslakian P, Shoukouryan S, editors Cham: Springer International Publishing. XII, 249 p. 74 illus p.
A chapter in an edited book
Benci, V., Grisanti, C.R., and Micheletti, A.M. (2006) Existence of Solutions for the Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation with V (∞) = 0. In: Cazenave T, Costa D, Lopes O, Manásevich R, Rabinowitz P, et al., editors. Contributions to Nonlinear Analysis: A Tribute to D.G. de Figueiredo on the Occasion of his 70th Birthday. Progress in Nonlinear Differential Equations and Their Applications. Basel: Birkhäuser. pp. 53–65.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mutagenesis.

Blog post
Carpineti, C. (2016) A Few Awesome Facts About Your Own Body That You Probably Didn’t Know. IFLScience,. Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1987) Guaranteed Student Loans: Analysis of Insurance Premiums Charged by Guaranty Agencies. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Miles, C.S. (2015) Elicitation of a Program’s Behaviors [Doctoral dissertation]. Lafayette, LA: University of Louisiana.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Shpigel, B. (2016) Fourth Passer? Jets May Go Deep. New York Times,B11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMutagenesis
ISSN (print)0267-8357
ISSN (online)1464-3804
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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