How to format your references using the Mutagenesis citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Mutagenesis. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2005) Tale of two surveys. Nature, 434,539.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schlesinger, W.H. and Lichter, J. (2001) Limited carbon storage in soil and litter of experimental forest plots under increased atmospheric CO2. Nature, 411,466–469.
A journal article with 3 authors
Weymouth, A.J., Hofmann, T., and Giessibl, F.J. (2014) Quantifying molecular stiffness and interaction with lateral force microscopy. Science, 343,1120–1122.
A journal article with 6 or more authors
Hu, W., Li, L., Li, G., Liu, Y., and Withers, R.L. (2014) Atomic-scale control of TiO₆ octahedra through solution chemistry towards giant dielectric response. Sci. Rep., 4,6582.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Ralph, D. and Graham, P. (2004) MMS: Technologies, Usage and Business Models. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
The Liver in Systemic Diseases (2016). Ohira H, editor Tokyo: Springer Japan. VIII, 343 p. 59 illus., 39 illus. in color p.
A chapter in an edited book
Canard, S., Ferreira, L., and Robshaw, M. (2013) Improved (and Practical) Public-Key Authentication for UHF RFID Tags. In: Mangard S, editor. Smart Card Research and Advanced Applications: 11th International Conference, CARDIS 2012, Graz, Austria, November 28-30, 2012, Revised Selected Papers. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer. pp. 46–61.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Mutagenesis.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2016) A Brain-Eating Amoeba Has Infected A Person In The US. IFLScience,. Accessed 30 October 2018.


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1996) Northeast Rail Corridor: Information on Users, Funding Sources, and Expenditures. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Turner, L.B. (2012) Diet, physical activity and breast cancer risk: An integrative science cross-populational approach [Doctoral dissertation]. Bloomington, IN: Indiana University.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Creswell, J. and Gustines, G.G. (2014) A High-End Tussle. New York Times,B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMutagenesis
ISSN (print)0267-8357
ISSN (online)1464-3804
Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

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