How to format your references using the Contemporary Family Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Family Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Abbott, A. (2003). Italians riled by science reforms. Nature, 421(6922), 465.
A journal article with 2 authors
Hensch, T. K., & Stryker, M. P. (2004). Columnar architecture sculpted by GABA circuits in developing cat visual cortex. Science (New York, N.Y.), 303(5664), 1678–1681.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ammon, C. J., Kanamori, H., & Lay, T. (2008). A great earthquake doublet and seismic stress transfer cycle in the central Kuril islands. Nature, 451(7178), 561–565.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Speck, O., Hughes, S. C., Noren, N. K., Kulikauskas, R. M., & Fehon, R. G. (2003). Moesin functions antagonistically to the Rho pathway to maintain epithelial integrity. Nature, 421(6918), 83–87.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Garde, F., Aelenei, D., Aelenei, L., Scognamiglio, A., & Ayoub, J. (2017). Solution Sets for Net-Zero Energy Buildings. Weinheim, Germany: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA.
An edited book
Barman, N. K. (2016). Coastal Morphodynamics: Integrated Spatial Modeling on the Deltaic Balasore Coast, India. (S. Chatterjee & A. K. Paul, Eds.). Cham: Springer International Publishing.
A chapter in an edited book
Feng, Z., Zhang, Q., & Zhang, P. (2015). Cognitive Information Awareness and Delivery. In Q. Zhang & P. Zhang (Eds.), Cognitive Wireless Networks (pp. 47–83). Cham: Springer International Publishing.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Family Therapy.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2015, July 25). U.K. Suspends Ban On Controversial Pesticide Linked To Decline In Bee Populations. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1973). Bureau of Indian Affairs Contracts for Automatic Data Processing Management Services, and for Development of a Management Information System at the Colorado River Indian Reservation (No. B-114868). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Viator, L. (2017). Thanatos (Doctoral dissertation). University of Louisiana, Lafayette, LA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L. (2007, April 1). Few Voters Show Up to Elect Two Democrats. New York Times, p. LI2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Abbott 2003).
This sentence cites two references (Abbott 2003; Hensch and Stryker 2004).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Hensch and Stryker 2004)
  • Three or more authors: (Speck et al. 2003)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Family Therapy
AbbreviationContemp. Fam. Ther.
ISSN (print)0892-2764
ISSN (online)1573-3335
ScopeClinical Psychology
Social Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies
General Psychology

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