How to format your references using the Contemporary Family Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Family Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Koen, D. (2004). Nuts and bolts. Passing the interview. Nature, 429(6987), 112.
A journal article with 2 authors
Liu, X., & Duncan, J. H. (2003). The effects of surfactants on spilling breaking waves. Nature, 421(6922), 520–523.
A journal article with 3 authors
Turi, L., Sheu, W.-S., & Rossky, P. J. (2005). Characterization of excess electrons in water-cluster anions by quantum simulations. Science (New York, N.Y.), 309(5736), 914–917.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Badyaev, A. V., Hill, G. E., Beck, M. L., Dervan, A. A., Duckworth, R. A., McGraw, K. J., et al. (2002). Sex-biased hatching order and adaptive population divergence in a passerine bird. Science (New York, N.Y.), 295(5553), 316–318.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, Z.-G. (2016). Internal Combustion Processes of Liquid Rocket Engines. Singapore: John Wiley & Sons Singapore Pte Ltd.
An edited book
Vidergor, H. E., & Harris, C. R. (Eds.). (2015). Applied Practice for Educators of Gifted and Able Learners. Rotterdam: SensePublishers.
A chapter in an edited book
Roy, U., & Majumder, M. (2016). Result and Discussion. In M. Majumder (Ed.), Impact of Climate Change on Small Scale Hydro-turbine Selections (pp. 19–41). Singapore: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Family Therapy.

Blog post
Davis, J. (2016, November 10). Dogs Evolved To Eat Human Scraps As We Started Farming. IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1976). Review of the State of Ohio’s Fiscal Year 1975 State Plan for the Education of Handicapped Children (No. 088675). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Williamson, K. M. (2010). The effects of communist policies, the democratic transition, and EU accession on gender equality in Germany and the Czech Republic (Doctoral dissertation). George Washington University, Washington, DC.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Sutherland, J. (2016, October 28). He Loved Opium, Murder and Wordsworth. New York Times, p. BR22.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (Koen 2004).
This sentence cites two references (Koen 2004; Liu and Duncan 2003).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Liu and Duncan 2003)
  • Three or more authors: (Badyaev et al. 2002)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Family Therapy
AbbreviationContemp. Fam. Ther.
ISSN (print)0892-2764
ISSN (online)1573-3335
ScopeClinical Psychology
Social Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies
General Psychology

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