How to format your references using the Contemporary Family Therapy citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Contemporary Family Therapy. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
James, K. S. (2011). India’s demographic change: opportunities and challenges. Science (New York, N.Y.), 333(6042), 576–580.
A journal article with 2 authors
Sirotin, Y. B., & Das, A. (2009). Anticipatory haemodynamic signals in sensory cortex not predicted by local neuronal activity. Nature, 457(7228), 475–479.
A journal article with 3 authors
Ragazzoni, R., Marchetti, E., & Valente, G. (2000). Adaptive-optics corrections available for the whole sky. Nature, 403(6765), 54–56.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Setogawa, S., Yamaura, H., Arasaki, T., Endo, S., & Yanagihara, D. (2014). Deficits in memory-guided limb movements impair obstacle avoidance locomotion in Alzheimer’s disease mouse model. Scientific reports, 4, 7220.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin, D. A. (2006). Water-Quality Engineering in Natural Systems. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Ehrig, H., Rensink, A., Rozenberg, G., & Schürr, A. (Eds.). (2010). Graph Transformations: 5th International Conference, ICGT 2010, Enschede, The Netherlands, September 27–October 2, 2010. Proceedings (Vol. 6372). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Planche, T., Dzeing, A., Ngou-Milama, E., Kombila, M., & Stacpoole, P. W. (2005). Metabolic Complications of Severe Malaria. In R. W. Compans, M. D. Cooper, T. Honjo, H. Koprowski, F. Melchers, M. B. A. Oldstone, et al. (Eds.), Malaria: Drugs, Disease and Post-genomic Biology (pp. 105–136). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Contemporary Family Therapy.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, March 16). Why Does Hair Change Colour And Turn Grey? IFLScience. IFLScience. Accessed 30 October 2018


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1977). Control of the National Science Foundation Peer Review Study (No. HRD-77-67). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Monteiro, K. R. (2012). An experimental study of corrective feedback on synchronous oral computer-mediated communication (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Joy, S. (2013, November 21). Time to Take the Leap. New York Times, p. E11.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by name and year in parentheses:

This sentence cites one reference (James 2011).
This sentence cites two references (James 2011; Sirotin and Das 2009).

Here are examples of in-text citations with multiple authors:

  • Two authors: (Sirotin and Das 2009)
  • Three or more authors: (Setogawa et al. 2014)

About the journal

Full journal titleContemporary Family Therapy
AbbreviationContemp. Fam. Ther.
ISSN (print)0892-2764
ISSN (online)1573-3335
ScopeClinical Psychology
Social Psychology
Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
Cultural Studies
General Psychology

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