How to format your references using the Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Gies H. Chemistry. Charge flipping and beyond. Science. 2007;315:1087–8.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Carrel L, Willard HF. X-inactivation profile reveals extensive variability in X-linked gene expression in females. Nature. 2005;434:400–4.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Eccleston A, Cesari F, Skipper M. Transcription and epigenetics. Nature. 2013;502:461.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Tan Z, Li S, Wang F, Qian D, Lin J, Hou J, et al. High performance polymer solar cells with as-prepared zirconium acetylacetonate film as cathode buffer layer. Sci Rep. 2014;4:4691.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Hopp V. Grundlagen der Life Sciences. Weinheim, FRG: Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA; 2000.
An edited book
1. Kumar S. Concrete Fracture Models and Applications. Barai SV, editor. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Cohen YH, Reich Y. Literature Review Conclusions and Definition of Research Target. In: Reich Y, editor. Biomimetic Design Method for Innovation and Sustainability. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016. p. 45–9.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine.

Blog post
1. Taub B. Iowa Democratic Party Becomes First In US To Back Legalizing All Drugs. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Vocational Education: Information on the National Research Center’s Grant Award Process. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1988 Jan. Report No.: HRD-88-56.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Regmi K. Computer Vision and Image Processing Toolbox for MATLAB [Doctoral dissertation]. [Edwardsville, IL]: Southern Illinois University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Sisario B. Shawn Mendes, at 18, Scores Second No. 1. New York Times. 2016 Oct 4;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMultidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
AbbreviationMultidiscip. Respir. Med.
ISSN (online)2049-6958
ScopePulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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