How to format your references using the Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Oppenheim J. Physics. Implementing a quantum computation by free falling. Science. 2006;311:1106–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Boltasseva A, Shalaev VM. Materials science. All that glitters need not be gold. Science. 2015;347:1308–10.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Green MT, Dawson JH, Gray HB. Oxoiron(IV) in chloroperoxidase compound II is basic: implications for P450 chemistry. Science. 2004;304:1653–6.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Laprise P, Lau KM, Harris KP, Silva-Gagliardi NF, Paul SM, Beronja S, et al. Yurt, Coracle, Neurexin IV and the Na(+),K(+)-ATPase form a novel group of epithelial polarity proteins. Nature. 2009;459:1141–5.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Burkinshaw SM. Physico-chemical Aspects of Textile Coloration. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2016.
An edited book
1. Ling HI, Callisto L, Leshchinsky D, Koseki J, editors. Soil Stress-Strain Behavior: Measurement, Modeling and Analysis: A Collection of Papers of the Geotechnical Symposium in Rome, March 16–17, 2006. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Zazunov A, Egger R, Yeyati AL, Hützen R, Braunecker B. Transport Through a Coulomb Blockaded Majorana Nanowire. In: Egger R, Matrasulov D, Rakhimov K, editors. Low-Dimensional Functional Materials. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2013. p. 63–76.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine.

Blog post
1. Fang J. Earth-Sized “Diamond” Discovered in Space [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/space/earth-sized-diamond-discovered-space/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Teenage Prostitution and Child Pornography. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1982 Jun. Report No.: 118734.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Ware SC. Alcohol consumption and breast cancer risk in older women: A modifiable lifestyle risk factor [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2014.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Walsh MW. Supreme Court Hears Plea for Help From Puerto Rico. New York Times. 2016 Mar 23;B1.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMultidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
AbbreviationMultidiscip. Respir. Med.
ISSN (online)2049-6958
ScopePulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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