How to format your references using the Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1. Macilwain C. Pharmaceutical industry must take its medicine. Nature. 2011;470:141.
A journal article with 2 authors
1. Park SH, Bendelac A. CD1-restricted T-cell responses and microbial infection. Nature. 2000;406:788–92.
A journal article with 3 authors
1. Kumar G, Tang HX, Schroers J. Nanomoulding with amorphous metals. Nature. 2009;457:868–72.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1. Ressler KJ, Mercer KB, Bradley B, Jovanovic T, Mahan A, Kerley K, et al. Post-traumatic stress disorder is associated with PACAP and the PAC1 receptor. Nature. 2011;470:492–7.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1. Dubuisson S. Tracking with Particle Filter for High-Dimensional Observation and State Spaces. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2015.
An edited book
1. O’Neil M. Liver Pathology for Clinicians. 1st ed. 2015. Damjanov I, Taylor RM, editors. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
1. Holden GW, Ashraf R. Children’s Right to Safety: The Problem of Corporal Punishment in Pakistan. In: Deb S, editor. Child Safety, Welfare and Well-being: Issues and Challenges. New Delhi: Springer India; 2016. p. 59–74.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Multidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine.

Blog post
1. Andrew E. Why so many domesticated mammals have floppy ears. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1. Government Accountability Office. Aviation Safety: Preliminary Information on Aircraft Icing and Winter Operations. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2010 Feb. Report No.: GAO-10-441T.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1. Builes AJ. Inferring Function: A Study of Three Prehistoric Structures in El Pital, Puerto López, Manabí, Ecuador [Doctoral dissertation]. [Boca Raton, FL]: Florida Atlantic University; 2015.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1. Kishkovsky S. Bolshoi Official Raises Attack Questions. New York Times. 2013 Mar 12;C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMultidisciplinary Respiratory Medicine
AbbreviationMultidiscip. Respir. Med.
ISSN (online)2049-6958
ScopePulmonary and Respiratory Medicine

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