How to format your references using the EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Mastalerz, M. (2015). Materials chemistry: Liquefied molecular holes. Nature, 527(7577), 174–176.
A journal article with 2 authors
Mackelprang, R., & Rubin, E. M. (2008). Paleontology. New tricks with old bones. Science (New York, N.Y.), 321(5886), 211–212.
A journal article with 3 authors
Chookajorn, T., Murdoch, H. A., & Schuh, C. A. (2012). Design of stable nanocrystalline alloys. Science (New York, N.Y.), 337(6097), 951–954.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Rovira-Asenjo, N., Gumí, T., Sales-Pardo, M., & Guimerà, R. (2013). Predicting future conflict between team-members with parameter-free models of social networks. Scientific reports, 3, 1999.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chase, C. W., Jr. (2013). Demand-Driven Forecasting. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
An edited book
Adi, A., Stoutenburg, S., & Tabet, S. (Eds.). (2005). Rules and Rule Markup Languages for the Semantic Web: First International Conference, RuleML 2005, Galway, Ireland, November 10-12, 2005. Proceedings (Vol. 3791). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Koster, P., Kamperman, F., Lenoir, P., & Vrielink, K. (2006). Identity-Based DRM: Personal Entertainment Domain. In Y. Q. Shi (Ed.), Transactions on Data Hiding and Multimedia Security I (pp. 104–122). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing.

Blog post
Hale, T. (2015, November 3). Green Fireballs Spotted In The Skies Above Poland And Thailand. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2003). Business Modernization: NASA’s Challenges in Managing Its Integrated Financial Management Program (No. GAO-04-255). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Thigpen, L. C. (2012). Building a concrete foundation: A mixed-method study of teaching styles and the use of concrete, representational, and abstract mathematics instruction (Doctoral dissertation). Capella University, Minneapolis, MN.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Robbins, L. (2017, June 29). Despite ‘Sanctuary City’ Policy, Mayor Says New York Complies With U.S. Law. New York Times, p. A19.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing
AbbreviationEURASIP J. Audio Speech Music Process.
ISSN (online)1687-4722
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Other styles