How to format your references using the EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smaglik, P. (2004). Shifting the balance. Nature, 427(6972), 375.
A journal article with 2 authors
Fearon, E. R., & Cadigan, K. M. (2005). Cell biology. Wnt signaling glows with RNAi. Science (New York, N.Y.), 308(5723), 801–803.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hillenbrand, R., Taubner, T., & Keilmann, F. (2002). Phonon-enhanced light matter interaction at the nanometre scale. Nature, 418(6894), 159–162.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Martin, R. E., Marchetti, R. V., Cowan, A. I., Howitt, S. M., Bröer, S., & Kirk, K. (2009). Chloroquine transport via the malaria parasite’s chloroquine resistance transporter. Science (New York, N.Y.), 325(5948), 1680–1682.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Medhurst, D. (2008). A Brief and Practical Guide to EU Law. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Science Ltd.
An edited book
Korkin, A., & Rosei, F. (Eds.). (2008). Nanoelectronics and Photonics: From Atoms to Materials, Devices, and Architectures. New York, NY: Springer.
A chapter in an edited book
Galazka-Friedman, J., Friedman, A., & Bauminger, E. R. (2009). Iron in the brain. In E. Kuzmann & K. Lázár (Eds.), ISIAME 2008: Proceedings of the International Symposium on the Industrial Applications of the Mössbauer Effect (ISIAME 2008) held in Budapest, Hungary, 17–22 August 2008 (pp. 31–37). Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, February 4). The Anthropocene Has Been Shaped By The Media And Our Digital Lives. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (2008). Federal-Aid Highways: Increased Reliance on Contractors Can Pose Oversight Challenges for Federal and State Officials (No. GAO-08-198). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Boylan, S. A. (2017). An exploratory case study: U. S. Army’s leadership development for organizational leaders (Doctoral dissertation). University of Phoenix, Phoenix, AZ.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Rothenberg, B. (2017, May 18). No. 1, but Not at the Top of Their Games. New York Times, p. B12.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing
AbbreviationEURASIP J. Audio Speech Music Process.
ISSN (online)1687-4722
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Other styles