How to format your references using the EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Freeman, K. H. (2014). Earth science: controls on isotopic gradients in rain. Nature, 516(7529), 41–42.
A journal article with 2 authors
Schneggenburger, R., & Neher, E. (2000). Intracellular calcium dependence of transmitter release rates at a fast central synapse. Nature, 406(6798), 889–893.
A journal article with 3 authors
Hines, P. J., Jasny, B. R., & Mervis, J. (2009). Adding a T to the three R’s. Education & technology. Introduction. Science (New York, N.Y.), 323(5910), 53.
A journal article with 8 or more authors
Berry, N., Davis, C., Jenkins, A., Wood, D., Minor, P., Schild, G., … Almond, N. (2001). Vaccine safety. Analysis of oral polio vaccine CHAT stocks. Nature, 410(6832), 1046–1047.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Chin, E., Nel, D., & Ólafsson, S. (2014). Problems and Solutions in Mathematical Finance. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
An edited book
ten Have, H. A. M. J. (Ed.). (2015). Bioethics Education in a Global Perspective: Challenges in global bioethics (Vol. 4). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.
A chapter in an edited book
Gonzalez, R., Alveirinho Dias, J. M., & Ferreira, Ó. (2005). Analysis of Land-Cover Shifts in Time and Their Significance. In D. M. FitzGerald & J. Knight (Eds.), High Resolution Morphodynamics and Sedimentary Evolution of Estuaries (pp. 57–82). Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for EURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing.

Blog post
Andrew, E. (2015, May 29). Petition For ‘Man Eating’ Tiger Relocation Dismissed By Court. IFLScience. IFLScience. Retrieved October 30, 2018, from


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. (1997). Surface Transportation: Prospects for Innovation Through Research, Intelligent Transportation Systems, State Infrastructure Banks, and Design-Build Contracting (No. T-RCED-97-83). Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Shah, R. A. (2010). Who am I? A biracial and interfaith woman’s perspective: A personal narrative (Doctoral dissertation). California State University, Long Beach, Long Beach, CA.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kishkovsky, S. (2016, March 21). Moscow Broadcast Tower Is Seen as Endangered. New York Times, p. C3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleEURASIP Journal on Audio, Speech, and Music Processing
AbbreviationEURASIP J. Audio Speech Music Process.
ISSN (online)1687-4722
ScopeElectrical and Electronic Engineering
Acoustics and Ultrasonics

Other styles