How to format your references using the Resource-Efficient Technologies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Resource-Efficient Technologies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
C. Veltman, Genesis of a high-tech hub, Nature. 426 (2003) 700–704.
A journal article with 2 authors
M. Guttman, J.L. Rinn, Modular regulatory principles of large non-coding RNAs, Nature. 482 (2012) 339–346.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.E. Brown, A.H. Bouchez, C.A. Griffith, Direct detection of variable tropospheric clouds near Titan’s south pole, Nature. 420 (2002) 795–797.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
C.K. Li, F.H. Séguin, J.A. Frenje, M. Rosenberg, R.D. Petrasso, P.A. Amendt, J.A. Koch, O.L. Landen, H.S. Park, H.F. Robey, R.P.J. Town, A. Casner, F. Philippe, R. Betti, J.P. Knauer, D.D. Meyerhofer, C.A. Back, J.D. Kilkenny, A. Nikroo, Charged-particle probing of x-ray-driven inertial-fusion implosions, Science. 327 (2010) 1231–1235.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
J.J. Shynk, Mathematical Foundations for Linear Circuits and Systems in Engineering, John Wiley & Sons, Inc, Hoboken, NJ, 2016.
An edited book
S.Z. Ali, Breast Cytopathology, Springer, New York, NY, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
S. Finke, Political Autonomy and Moral Self-understanding: Kant’s Justification of “Substantive Freedom,” in: G. Ognjenovic (Ed.), Responsibility in Context: Perspectives, Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht, 2010: pp. 35–52.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Resource-Efficient Technologies.

Blog post
J. Fang, Two New Islands Appear in the Red Sea After Volcanic Eruptions, IFLScience. (2015). (accessed October 30, 2018).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Claim of Raines High School for Advertisements Placed in the School Yearbook and Newspaper, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1977.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
E. Hobbs, Rehearing Florence Price: A Closer Look at Her Symphony in E Minor, Doctoral dissertation, California State University, Long Beach, 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
GEORGE GENE GUSTINES; Compiled by RACHEL LEE HARRIS, Pilgrim, The Final Volume, New York Times. (2010) C2.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResource-Efficient Technologies
ISSN (print)2405-6537

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