How to format your references using the Resource-Efficient Technologies citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Resource-Efficient Technologies. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
B. Bigot, Nuclear physics: pull together for fusion, Nature. 522 (2015) 149–151.
A journal article with 2 authors
P.J. Rossky, G.C. Walker, Retrospective. Paul F. Barbara (1953-2010), Science. 330 (2010) 1191.
A journal article with 3 authors
M.V. Yelshanskaya, M. Li, A.I. Sobolevsky, Structure of an agonist-bound ionotropic glutamate receptor, Science. 345 (2014) 1070–1074.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
M. Carreiras, M.L. Seghier, S. Baquero, A. Estévez, A. Lozano, J.T. Devlin, C.J. Price, An anatomical signature for literacy, Nature. 461 (2009) 983–986.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
P. Barbosa, D.L. Berry, C.S. Kary, Insect Histology, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK, 2014.
An edited book
F. Boavida, E. Monteiro, S. Mascolo, Y. Koucheryavy, eds., Wired/Wireless Internet Communications: 5th International Conference, WWIC 2007, Coimbra, Portugal, May 23-25, 2007. Proceedings, Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg, 2007.
A chapter in an edited book
R.T. Jones, K.D. Burns, C.S. Immel, R.M. Moore, K. Schwartz-Goel, B. Culpepper, The Impact of Hurricane Katrina on Children and Adolescents: Conceptual and Methodological Implications for Assessment and Intervention, in: K.E. Cherry (Ed.), Lifespan Perspectives on Natural Disasters: Coping with Katrina, Rita, and Other Storms, Springer US, New York, NY, 2009: pp. 65–94.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Resource-Efficient Technologies.

Blog post
K. Hamilton, More Than 32 Million Twitter Passwords May Have Been Hacked And Offered For Sale On The Dark Web, IFLScience. (2016).


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office, Customs Service Modernization: Architecture Must Be Complete and Enforced to Effectively Build and Maintain Systems, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC, 1998.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
H. Hoffer, Aesthetics of destruction: Music and the worldview of Ikari Shinji in “Neon Genesis Evangelion,” Doctoral dissertation, University of Arizona, 2012.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
J.M. Hamilton, K.R. Kosar, All the President’s Propaganda, New York Times. (2016) A21.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleResource-Efficient Technologies
ISSN (print)2405-6537

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