How to format your references using the Multibody System Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Multibody System Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Archibald, J.M.: Genomics. Green evolution, green revolution. Science. 324, 191–192 (2009)
A journal article with 2 authors
Nadeau, J.H., Dudley, A.M.: Genetics. Systems genetics. Science. 331, 1015–1016 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Chávez, A.E., Singer, J.H., Diamond, J.S.: Fast neurotransmitter release triggered by Ca influx through AMPA-type glutamate receptors. Nature. 443, 705–708 (2006)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Ma, Y., Eremets, M., Oganov, A.R., Xie, Y., Trojan, I., Medvedev, S., Lyakhov, A.O., Valle, M., Prakapenka, V.: Transparent dense sodium. Nature. 458, 182–185 (2009)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wang, Q.: Practical Design of Magnetostatic Structure Using Numerical Simulation. John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pte Ltd, Singapore (2013)
An edited book
Aboitiz, F.: Origin and Evolution of the Vertebrate Telencephalon, with Special Reference to the Mammalian Neocortex. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2007)
A chapter in an edited book
Desnica, V., Živanov, L., Aleksić, O., Luković, M., Lukić, L.: The Design of Optimised Planar Thick Film Filters. In: Wiak, S., Krawczyk, A., and Trlep, M. (eds.) Computer Engineering in Applied Electromagnetism. pp. 31–34. Springer Netherlands, Dordrecht (2005)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Multibody System Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Could A Weekend Of Binge-Drinking Worsen Your Cold?,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Intelligence Programs: New RC-135 Aircraft Engines Can Reduce Cost and Improve Performance. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Tolley, C.B.: The role of trust and care in the implementation of a social constructivist curriculum in physical education, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Vecsey, G.: In Snowstorm, U.S. Finds Remedy For a Cold Spell, (2013)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMultibody System Dynamics
AbbreviationMultibody Syst. Dyn.
ISSN (print)1384-5640
ISSN (online)1573-272X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Aerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Control and Optimization
Modelling and Simulation

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