How to format your references using the Multibody System Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Multibody System Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Gaeta, A.L.: Optics. Collapsing light really shines. Science. 301, 54–55 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Nguyen, J.H., Holmes, N.C.: Melting of iron at the physical conditions of the Earth’s core. Nature. 427, 339–342 (2004)
A journal article with 3 authors
Han, J.S., Szak, S.T., Boeke, J.D.: Transcriptional disruption by the L1 retrotransposon and implications for mammalian transcriptomes. Nature. 429, 268–274 (2004)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Wolfrum, C., Asilmaz, E., Luca, E., Friedman, J.M., Stoffel, M.: Foxa2 regulates lipid metabolism and ketogenesis in the liver during fasting and in diabetes. Nature. 432, 1027–1032 (2004)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Schumer, P.D.: Mathematical Journeys. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2005)
An edited book
Loh, C.S., Sheng, Y., Ifenthaler, D. eds: Serious Games Analytics: Methodologies for Performance Measurement, Assessment, and Improvement. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)
A chapter in an edited book
Williams, D., Wang, M.-T., Chang, C.-H., Ahamed, S.I., Chu, W.: Agile Development for the Creation of Proper Human-Computer Interfaces for the Elderly. In: Bodine, C., Helal, S., Gu, T., and Mokhtari, M. (eds.) Smart Homes and Health Telematics: 12th International Conference, ICOST 2014, Denver, CO, USA, June 25-27, 2014, Revised Papers. pp. 29–38. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2015)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Multibody System Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: Artistic Squirrel Carves His Own Jack-O-Lantern


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Additional Costs Incurred in Maintaining the National Industrial Equipment Reserve (NIER). U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1973)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Edwards, J.W.: The Relation Between Expressed Emotion and Adolescent Psychopathology, (2006)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Schmidt, M.S., Mazzetti, M., Apuzzo, M.: Disputing Times Article About Inquiry Into Russia, (2017)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMultibody System Dynamics
AbbreviationMultibody Syst. Dyn.
ISSN (print)1384-5640
ISSN (online)1573-272X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Aerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Control and Optimization
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles