How to format your references using the Multibody System Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Multibody System Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Watanabe, M.: Small world, big hopes. Nature. 426, 478–479 (2003)
A journal article with 2 authors
Sheehan, M.J., Tibbetts, E.A.: Specialized face learning is associated with individual recognition in paper wasps. Science. 334, 1272–1275 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Zou, H., Zindler, A., Niu, Y.: Constraints on melt movement beneath the East Pacific Rise from 230Th-238U disequilibrium. Science. 295, 107–110 (2002)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Horie, M., Honda, T., Suzuki, Y., Kobayashi, Y., Daito, T., Oshida, T., Ikuta, K., Jern, P., Gojobori, T., Coffin, J.M., Tomonaga, K.: Endogenous non-retroviral RNA virus elements in mammalian genomes. Nature. 463, 84–87 (2010)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Du, D.-Z., Ko, K.-I.: Theory of Computational Complexity. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2014)
An edited book
Ebeling, W., Hulek, K., Smoczyk, K. eds: Complex and Differential Geometry: Conference held at Leibniz Universität Hannover, September 14 – 18, 2009. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2011)
A chapter in an edited book
Kaiser, M.J., Snyder, B.F.: Offshore Project Characteristics and Cost Factors. In: Snyder, B.F. (ed.) Offshore Wind Energy Cost Modeling: Installation and Decommissioning. pp. 47–68. Springer, London (2012)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Multibody System Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrews, R.: Babies Have An Innate Sense Of Heroic Justice,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: School Lunch: Implementing Nutrition Changes Was Challenging and Clarification of Oversight Requirements Is Needed. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2014)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Pratt, J.E.: Investigating educational systems, leadership, and school culture: A holistic approach, (2014)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Reinhart, M.K.: Kathy Mabry and Tom Prost, (2011)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMultibody System Dynamics
AbbreviationMultibody Syst. Dyn.
ISSN (print)1384-5640
ISSN (online)1573-272X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Aerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Control and Optimization
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles