How to format your references using the Multibody System Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Multibody System Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Smith, C.: Genomics: getting down to details. Nature. 435, 991–994 (2005)
A journal article with 2 authors
Cowman, A.F., Tonkin, C.J.: Microbiology. A tail of division. Science. 331, 409–410 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Hansen, S.B., Tao, X., MacKinnon, R.: Structural basis of PIP2 activation of the classical inward rectifier K+ channel Kir2.2. Nature. 477, 495–498 (2011)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Schroeter, H., Holt, R.R., Orozco, T.J., Schmitz, H.H., Keen, C.L.: Nutrition: milk and absorption of dietary flavanols. Nature. 426, 787–8; discussion 788 (2003)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Wagner-Martin, L.: A History of American Literature. Blackwell Publishing Ltd, Oxford (2012)
An edited book
Castellanos, S.G.: Competition and Efficiency in the Mexican Banking Industry: Theory and Empirical Evidence. Palgrave Macmillan US, New York, NY (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Kleinpoppen, H., Lohmann, B., Grum-Grzhimailo, A.N.: Concluding Remarks. In: Lohmann, B. and Grum-Grzhimailo, A.N. (eds.) Perfect/Complete Scattering Experiments: Probing Quantum Mechanics on Atomic and Molecular Collisions and Coincidences. pp. 293–295. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2013)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Multibody System Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: A New Type Of Surfboard Could Soon Be Making Waves


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: Information Technology: OMB and Agencies Need to Focus Continued Attention on Implementing Reform Law. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (2016)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Kovacev, R.J.: Encouraging employee entrepreneurial spirit: A phenomenological case study of a large technology enterprise, (2008)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Wagner, J.: Home Runs, Not Surprisingly, Lift the Mets, (2016)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMultibody System Dynamics
AbbreviationMultibody Syst. Dyn.
ISSN (print)1384-5640
ISSN (online)1573-272X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Aerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Control and Optimization
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles