How to format your references using the Multibody System Dynamics citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Multibody System Dynamics. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Wilson, R.C.: The Great Goodbye. Nature. 407, 303 (2000)
A journal article with 2 authors
Mackem, S., Lewandoski, M.: Development. Limb cells don’t tell time. Science. 332, 1038–1039 (2011)
A journal article with 3 authors
Levin, E.J., Quick, M., Zhou, M.: Crystal structure of a bacterial homologue of the kidney urea transporter. Nature. 462, 757–761 (2009)
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Fang, Y., Vilella-Bach, M., Bachmann, R., Flanigan, A., Chen, J.: Phosphatidic acid-mediated mitogenic activation of mTOR signaling. Science. 294, 1942–1945 (2001)

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Baker, W.L., Marn, M.V., Zawada, C.C.: The Price Advantage. John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, NJ (2010)
An edited book
Lowes, T.: Pre-Hospital Anesthesia Handbook. Springer International Publishing, Cham (2016)
A chapter in an edited book
Li, H., Zhang, C., Li, L., Pang, M.: A Streaming Implementation of Transform and Quantization in H.264. In: Gerndt, M. and Kranzlmüller, D. (eds.) High Performance Computing and Communications: Second International Conference, HPCC 2006, Munich, Germany, September 13-15, 2006. Proceedings. pp. 41–50. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg (2006)

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Multibody System Dynamics.

Blog post
Andrew, E.: New Images Show Sparks Literally Fly When Egg And Sperm Unite,


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office: NASA’s Development of EOSDIS. U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, DC (1992)

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Dimick, K.E.: Response to Intervention research to practice: Exploring a school in transition—a case study, (2009)

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Saslow, L.: State Court Blocks Synagogue’s Expansion, (2007)

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1, 2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMultibody System Dynamics
AbbreviationMultibody Syst. Dyn.
ISSN (print)1384-5640
ISSN (online)1573-272X
ScopeComputer Science Applications
Aerospace Engineering
Mechanical Engineering
Control and Optimization
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles