# How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematics and Music citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematics and Music. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

## Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

## Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Parthasarathy H. From scepticism to acceptance. Nature. 2002;419:4–6.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Lee BH, Amon A. Role of Polo-like kinase CDC5 in programming meiosis I chromosome segregation. Science. 2003;300:482–486.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Waelti P, Dickinson A, Schultz W. Dopamine responses comply with basic assumptions of formal learning theory. Nature. 2001;412:43–48.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Finne AP, Araki T, Blaauwgeers R, et al. An intrinsic velocity-independent criterion for superfluid turbulence. Nature. 2003;424:1022–1025.

## Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Theodore L, Kunz RG. Nanotechnology: Environmental Implications and Solutions. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2005.
An edited book
[1]
Bouleau N. Dirichlet Forms Methods for Poisson Point Measures and Lévy Processes: With Emphasis on the Creation-Annihilation Techniques. Denis L, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Sayaf R, Clarke D, Harper R. $$\mathrm{CPS}^2$$ : A Contextual Privacy Framework for Social Software. In: Tian J, Jing J, Srivatsa M, editors. International Conference on Security and Privacy in Communication Networks: 10th International ICST Conference, SecureComm 2014, Beijing, China, September 24-26, 2014, Revised Selected Papers, Part II. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 25–32.

## Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematics and Music.

Blog post
[1]
Andrew E. Action shot of sexual reproduction of 100-million-year-old-flower has been preserved in amber. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2014.

## Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Federal Agencies Face Challenges in Implementing Initiatives to Improve Public Health Infrastructure. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 2005. Report No.: GAO-05-308. .

## Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Kramer KA. System for Identifying Plankton from the SIPPER Instrument Platform [Doctoral dissertation]. [Tampa, FL]: University of South Florida; 2010.

## News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Yoo J. Forget Watergate. Think Iran-Contra. New York Times. 2017 May 18;A27.

## In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].