How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematics and Music citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematics and Music. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
Friedman A. Neuroscience. Jump-starting natural resilience reverses stress susceptibility. Science. 2014;346:555.
A journal article with 2 authors
Olivera BM, Teichert RW. Neuroscience: chemical ecology of pain. Nature. 2011;479:306–307.
A journal article with 3 authors
Nakagaki T, Yamada H, Tóth A. Maze-solving by an amoeboid organism. Nature. 2000;407:470.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
Zhou Z, Luo MJ, Straesser K, et al. The protein Aly links pre-messenger-RNA splicing to nuclear export in metazoans. Nature. 2000;407:401–405.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
Carroll JM, Bowyer-Crane C, Duff FJ, et al. Developing Language and Literacy. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2011.
An edited book
Anastassiou GA. Intelligent Numerical Methods: Applications to Fractional Calculus. 1st ed. 2016. Argyros IK, editor. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
Freiberg A, Trinkunas G. Unraveling the Hidden Nature of Antenna Excitations. In: Laisk A, Nedbal L, Govindjee, editors. Photosynthesis in silico: Understanding Complexity from Molecules to Ecosystems. Dordrecht: Springer Netherlands; 2009. p. 55–82.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematics and Music.

Blog post
Hamilton K. The Science Of Laughter – And Why It Also Has A Dark Side [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2017 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from:


This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
Government Accountability Office. Routine Disclosure of Broadcaster Financial Records. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1980. Report No.: 111721. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
Jaramillo MA. Morphology of ferromagnetic thin films on nanosphere templates [Doctoral dissertation]. [Long Beach, CA]: California State University, Long Beach; 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
Kelly BKB, Writer A, has covered Chicago politics for eight years. CHICAGO AND ITS MAYOR, TWO YEARS LATER. New York Times. 1985 Apr 13;123.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mathematics and Music
AbbreviationJ. Math. Music
ISSN (print)1745-9737
ISSN (online)1745-9745
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation

Other styles