How to format your references using the Journal of Mathematics and Music citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Journal of Mathematics and Music. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteDownload the output style file
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Visbeck M. Oceanography: power of pull. Nature. 2007;447:383.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Wallenfang MR, Matunis E. Developmental biology. Orienting stem cells. Science. 2003;301:1490–1491.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Rouse GW, Goffredi SK, Vrijenhoek RC. Osedax: bone-eating marine worms with dwarf males. Science. 2004;305:668–671.
A journal article with 4 or more authors
[1]
Sasaki J, Kofuji S, Itoh R, et al. The PtdIns(3,4)P(2) phosphatase INPP4A is a suppressor of excitotoxic neuronal death. Nature. 2010;465:497–501.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Pai MD FACC FRCP Edin RG, Varadarajan MD FACC P. Echocardiography Board Review. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Korbicz J, Kowal M, editors. Intelligent Systems in Technical and Medical Diagnostics. Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2014.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Trunfio GA. Adaptation in Cooperative Coevolutionary Optimization. In: Fister I, Fister I Jr, editors. Adaptation and Hybridization in Computational Intelligence. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2015. p. 91–109.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Journal of Mathematics and Music.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Spiders Can Hear You From Several Meters Away – Even Without Any Ears [Internet]. IFLScience. IFLScience; 2016 [cited 2018 Oct 30]. Available from: https://www.iflscience.com/plants-and-animals/spiders-can-hear-you-several-meters-away-even-without-any-ears/.

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Department of Transportation: Flexible Funding Within Federal Highway Programs. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1997. Report No.: RCED-97-233R. .

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Laubacher TL. Simplifying “Inherently Governmental” Functions: Choosing between a Principled Approach or More of the Same [Doctoral dissertation]. [Washington, DC]: George Washington University; 2016.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Park LS. Origin of a Species. New York Times. 2017 Mar 10;BR17.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleJournal of Mathematics and Music
AbbreviationJ. Math. Music
ISSN (print)1745-9737
ISSN (online)1745-9745
ScopeMusic
Applied Mathematics
Computational Mathematics
Modelling and Simulation

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