How to format your references using the Morphologie citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Morphologie. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
[1]
Marx V. Cell communication: stop the microbial chatter. Nature 2014;511:493–7.
A journal article with 2 authors
[1]
Frey BJ, Dueck D. Clustering by passing messages between data points. Science 2007;315:972–6.
A journal article with 3 authors
[1]
Wang Y, Zhang Y, Ha Y. Crystal structure of a rhomboid family intramembrane protease. Nature 2006;444:179–80.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
[1]
Ross JJ, Shimmi O, Vilmos P, Petryk A, Kim H, Gaudenz K, et al. Twisted gastrulation is a conserved extracellular BMP antagonist. Nature 2001;410:479–83.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
[1]
Nazarov VE, Radostin AV. Nonlinear Acoustic Waves in Micro-inhomogeneous Solids. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd; 2014.
An edited book
[1]
Nambiar R, Poess M, editors. Performance Evaluation and Benchmarking: Traditional to Big Data to Internet of Things: 7th TPC Technology Conference, TPCTC 2015, Kohala Coast, HI, USA, August 31 – September 4, 2015. Revised Selected Papers. vol. 9508. 1st ed. 2016. Cham: Springer International Publishing; 2016.
A chapter in an edited book
[1]
Blaum K, Beck D, Breitenfeldt M, George S, Herfurth F, Herlert A, et al. Penning trap mass spectrometry for nuclear structure studies. In: Błaszczak Z, Markov B, Marinova K, editors. LASER 2006: Proceedings of the 7th International Workshop on Application of Lasers in Atomic Nuclei Research “Nuclear Ground and Isometric State Properties” (LASER 2006) held in Poznán, Poland, 29 May–1 June 2006, Berlin, Heidelberg: Springer; 2007, p. 83–91.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Morphologie.

Blog post
[1]
Taub B. Scientists Can Now Erase Specific Fears From Your Brain. IFLScience 2016. https://www.iflscience.com/brain/scientists-can-now-erase-specific-fears-brain/ (accessed October 30, 2018).

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
[1]
Government Accountability Office. Job Corps: High Costs and Mixed Results Raise Questions About Program’s Effectiveness. Washington, DC: U.S. Government Printing Office; 1995.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
[1]
Ward S. Historiography, prophecy, and literature: “Divina retribución” and its underlying ideological agenda. Doctoral dissertation. Indiana University, 2009.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
[1]
Barnes B, Koblin J. ABC’s ‘Live’ Ends Search, Naming Seacrest Co-Host. New York Times 2017:B3.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in square brackets:

This sentence cites one reference [1].
This sentence cites two references [1,2].
This sentence cites four references [1–4].

About the journal

Full journal titleMorphologie
AbbreviationMorphologie
ISSN (print)1286-0115
ScopeAnatomy

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