How to format your references using the Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica citation style

This is a short guide how to format citations and the bibliography in a manuscript for Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica. For a complete guide how to prepare your manuscript refer to the journal's instructions to authors.

Using reference management software

Typically you don't format your citations and bibliography by hand. The easiest way is to use a reference manager:

PaperpileThe citation style is built in and you can choose it in Settings > Citation Style or Paperpile > Citation Style in Google Docs.
EndNoteFind the style here: output styles overview
Mendeley, Zotero, Papers, and othersThe style is either built in or you can download a CSL file that is supported by most references management programs.
BibTeXBibTeX syles are usually part of a LaTeX template. Check the instructions to authors if the publisher offers a LaTeX template for this journal.

Journal articles

Those examples are references to articles in scholarly journals and how they are supposed to appear in your bibliography.

Not all journals organize their published articles in volumes and issues, so these fields are optional. Some electronic journals do not provide a page range, but instead list an article identifier. In a case like this it's safe to use the article identifier instead of the page range.

A journal article with 1 author
1.
Leonard DC. Astronomy. A supernova riddle. Science. 2007;315(5809):193-194.
A journal article with 2 authors
1.
Sikes JM, Newmark PA. Restoration of anterior regeneration in a planarian with limited regenerative ability. Nature. 2013;500(7460):77-80.
A journal article with 3 authors
1.
Bogorad IW, Lin T-S, Liao JC. Synthetic non-oxidative glycolysis enables complete carbon conservation. Nature. 2013;502(7473):693-697.
A journal article with 7 or more authors
1.
Houghton J, Stoicov C, Nomura S, et al. Gastric cancer originating from bone marrow-derived cells. Science. 2004;306(5701):1568-1571.

Books and book chapters

Here are examples of references for authored and edited books as well as book chapters.

An authored book
1.
Yan W. Crop Variety Trials. John Wiley & Sons, Inc.; 2014.
An edited book
1.
Hansen LJ. Climate Savvy: Adapting Conservation and Resource Management to a Changing World. (Hoffman JR, ed.). Island Press/Center for Resource Economics; 2011.
A chapter in an edited book
1.
Stehlé D, Steinfeld R. Making NTRU as Secure as Worst-Case Problems over Ideal Lattices. In: Paterson KG, ed. Advances in Cryptology – EUROCRYPT 2011: 30th Annual International Conference on the Theory and Applications of Cryptographic Techniques, Tallinn, Estonia, May 15-19, 2011. Proceedings. Lecture Notes in Computer Science. Springer; 2011:27-47.

Web sites

Sometimes references to web sites should appear directly in the text rather than in the bibliography. Refer to the Instructions to authors for Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica.

Blog post
1.
Andrew E. Won’t Somebody Think Of The Children? Five Reasons Why Drug Panics Are Counterproductive. IFLScience. Published November 13, 2015. Accessed October 30, 2018. https://www.iflscience.com/health-and-medicine/won-t-somebody-think-children-five-reasons-why-drug-panics-are-counterproductive/

Reports

This example shows the general structure used for government reports, technical reports, and scientific reports. If you can't locate the report number then it might be better to cite the report as a book. For reports it is usually not individual people that are credited as authors, but a governmental department or agency like "U. S. Food and Drug Administration" or "National Cancer Institute".

Government report
1.
Government Accountability Office. Information Technology: Demand for the Social Security Administration’s Electronic Data Exchanges Is Growing and Presents Future Challenges. U.S. Government Printing Office; 2008.

Theses and dissertations

Theses including Ph.D. dissertations, Master's theses or Bachelor theses follow the basic format outlined below.

Doctoral dissertation
1.
Heyer C. Advocacy Services for College Students With Disabilities: A Grant Proposal. Published online 2017.

News paper articles

Unlike scholarly journals, news papers do not usually have a volume and issue number. Instead, the full date and page number is required for a correct reference.

New York Times article
1.
Gustines GG. Exhibition Recalls Slam-Bang World Of Pulp Magazines. New York Times. March 15, 2012:F38.

In-text citations

References should be cited in the text by sequential numbers in superscript:

This sentence cites one reference 1.
This sentence cites two references 1,2.
This sentence cites four references 1–4.

About the journal

Full journal titleActa Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica
AbbreviationActa Orthop. Traumatol. Turc.
ISSN (print)1017-995X
ScopeGeneral Medicine
Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
Surgery

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